World Journal of Vocational Education and Training

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Assessment of the Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education Programme in Technical Colleges of Education in South-South Nigeria

Pages: 1-8
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Assessment of the Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education Programme in Technical Colleges of Education in South-South Nigeria

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.1.8

Ekwue K. C. , Onyesom A. E. , Okoro P. O.

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Ekwue K. C. , Onyesom A. E. , Okoro P. O. (2021). Assessment of the Implementation of Entrepreneurship Education Programme in Technical Colleges of Education in South-South Nigeria. World Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 3(1): 1-8. DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.1.8
This study assessed the implementation of entrepreneurship education programme in colleges of education in south-south Nigeria. Three research questions based on curriculum design in terms of objectives and content, methodologies and quality of personnel were raised to guide the study. Also two hypotheses were formulated. Survey research design was used and a sample of 117 lecturers in school of business education from the three federal colleges of education in south-south Nigeria was equally used. The instrument used was a structured questionnaire which consisted of two sections with five point response options. The instrument was validated by two experts in business education and one in measurement and evaluation. Test-retest reliability was used to determine the internal consistency of the instrument and the reliability test coefficient (r) of 0.78 was obtained. Mean and standard deviation were used to analyse data relating to the research questions in order to answer them while t-test was used to test the null hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Results of the analysis showed that curriculum design in terms of objective and content, methodologies used in teaching and learning, and retraining of lecturers contributed to effective implementation of entrepreneurship education programme in Federal Colleges of Education in South-South Nigeria. Based on the findings, recommendations were made including that caliber of lecturers; particularly experienced ones involved in the implementation of the programme should be increased.
Contribution/ Originality
The study contributes to the existing body of knowledge by revealing the extent to which curriculum design, methodologies employed in teaching and retraining of lecturers contributed to effective implementation of entrepreneurship education programme in federal colleges of education in South-South Nigeria.

Understanding Vocational Business Students Sustainability Consciousness

Pages: 9-17
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Understanding Vocational Business Students Sustainability Consciousness

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.9.17

Na Liu , Xin Liu

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Na Liu , Xin Liu (2021). Understanding Vocational Business Students Sustainability Consciousness. World Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 3(1): 9-17. DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.9.17
This study aims to investigate the factors influencing vocational business students’ sustainability consciousness. We surveyed 1,007 business students in a vocational college in China. We found that although both formal class learning and informal learning outside the classroom were positively related to students’ sustainability consciousness, formal class learning was more influential than the latter. Female vocational business students tended to have a higher level of sustainability consciousness than male students did. Second-year vocational business students tended to have a higher level of sustainability consciousness than first-year students did. Our study not only contributes to the prior literature but also provides implications for improving sustainability education in vocational colleges.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by exploring factors that influence vocational business students' sustainability consciousness using a survey study.

The Fact of Training Management at College Level in Meeting Human Resource Requirements of Enterprises in Vietnam

Pages: 18-35
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The Fact of Training Management at College Level in Meeting Human Resource Requirements of Enterprises in Vietnam

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.18.35

Pham Xuan Thu , Vo Thi Nhu Uyen

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General Directorate of Vocational Training. (2019). Summary report of department of organization and personnel (pp. 63). Vietnam: Thanh Nien Publishing House.

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Pham Xuan Thu , Vo Thi Nhu Uyen (2021). The Fact of Training Management at College Level in Meeting Human Resource Requirements of Enterprises in Vietnam. World Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 3(1): 18-35. DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.18.35
The purpose of this research is to find out the fact of training management at college level in meeting the human resource requirements of enterprises in Vietnam. Questionnaire survey method was applied for 3 groups of respondents, including the quantitative (390 questionnaires) and the qualitative (18 interviews) in the northern, central and southern regions. Gathered data were processed using SPSS 22.0 software with tools: Cronbach’s alpha to assess the reliability; EFA to measure the (convergence or discriminant) validity; Descriptive Statistics to rank the level of vocational training at college level so as to meet the human resource needs of enterprises. The study demonstrates the limitations of training management at college level to meet the needs by analyzing the current situation of: (i) planning for training process; (ii) conducting; (iii) monitoring and supervising; (iv) improving and developing; (v) controlling context. This is also the basis for proposing specific solutions in the following research.
Contribution/ Originality
The study has provided survey results, indicate the limitations on the training management at the college level to meet the human resource needs of enterprises. This is also the basis for proposing policy that clearly define the roles and responsibilities of parties (businesses, colleges, learners and employees) in Vietnam.

Personal Identity and Vocational Decision Difficulties: The Teenager Greek Immigrants of the Hellenic High School of Wuppertal, Germany

Pages: 36-51
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Personal Identity and Vocational Decision Difficulties: The Teenager Greek Immigrants of the Hellenic High School of Wuppertal, Germany

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.36.51

Maria N. Anagnostara , Evangelos C. Papakitsos

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Maria N. Anagnostara , Evangelos C. Papakitsos (2021). Personal Identity and Vocational Decision Difficulties: The Teenager Greek Immigrants of the Hellenic High School of Wuppertal, Germany. World Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 3(1): 36-51. DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.36.51
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between the identity formation of adolescent Greek immigrants in Germany and the difficulties they encounter in making vocational decisions, as a prerequisite to the consequent selection of relevant education and training. The psychometric tools Ego Identity Process Questionnaire (EIPQ) and The Career Decision Making Difficulties Questionnaire (CDDQ), as well as an improvised demographic questionnaire, were handed out to 100 pupils of the Hellenic High School of Wuppertal. The research results were interpreted in the light of Marcia’s identity typology and Gati’s theoretical model and revealed that: (a) Adolescents with an Identity Achievement had little difficulty in choosing a career, while others had considerable difficulty. (b) There was no relevance between age groups and identity typology. (c) Genders did not differ in identity typology and vocational decision-making difficulties. Both sexes seemed to have equal difficulty in their vocational pursuits. (d) School performance did not differ according to the type of identity. (e) The higher the school grades/performance, the higher the identity inquiry. (f) The greater the difficulties of adolescents in their vocational choices, the less committed they became. (g) The high and middle educational level of mothers (but not of fathers) led to higher rates of Identity Achievement. The difficulties of adolescents’ vocational decision-making did not differ according to the educational level of their parents. (h) The duration of staying of adolescent immigrants in Germany was not correlated with difficulties in their vocational choices.
Contribution/ Originality
The findings aim to assist the educational community in coping with the vocational decision difficulties of teenager immigrants, seek to contribute to the relevant existing literature and to serve in the planning of vocational educational policies for adolescents abroad.

Structure Rearrangement of an Introductory Course for General Shipping Education

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.52.60

Xuefeng Wang , Lei Zhao , Jiawei Ge , Yiying Chao

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Wang, X. F., Zhang, Y. L., Ge, J. W., & Chao, Y. Y. (2021). Content selection of general shipping education: An introductory course design. Journal of Educational Research and Policies, 3(6), 65-71.

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Xuefeng Wang , Lei Zhao , Jiawei Ge , Yiying Chao (2021). Structure Rearrangement of an Introductory Course for General Shipping Education. World Journal of Vocational Education and Training, 3(1): 52-60. DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2021.31.52.60
A literature on maritime education is at the corner side, comparing with large amount of works on business and management topics. However, the importance of forming and updating a maritime education system should not be neglected, leaving a research gap for academic discussion. This paper is a continuation of an introductory course design study in a maritime university (Wang, Zhang, Ge, & Chao, 2021). In the last paper, we deal with the content selection problem for general shipping education. The content of shipping education relies heavily on the practice. Evolved with the internal and external environment change of shipping industry, the structure of the course designed before cannot fully comply with the industrial requirements. This paper aims to rearrange the course structure by increasing the student and practitioner engagement, where the student preference and industrial requirements are both considered. The Entropy-TOPSIS model is applied to evaluate the contents of each module. It is shown that students and practitioners are very sensitive to the different modules; the common and divergent perspectives were identified. Finally, the proportion of each content was adjusted accordingly based on the results of the measurement. The main contribution is to provide a possible solution for the course reform of general shipping education.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the curriculum design of general shipping education. The primary contribution is providing a method for structural rearrangement with the engagement of students and practitioners, which enhance its reliability and applicability.