Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

World Journal of Vocational Education and Training

March 2019, Volume 1, 1, pp 20-30

Investigating Factors Influencing Grade 9 and 12 Learner-Performance in Science – Views of School Administrators, Teachers, and Learners: The Case of Eastern Province, Zambia

Thumah Mapulanga

Thumah Mapulanga 1

  1. Ministry of General Education, Gondar Day Secondary School, Eastern Province, Zambia 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 20-30

DOI: 10.18488/journal.119.2019.11.20.30

Share :

Article History:

Received: 14 January, 2019
Revised: 22 February, 2019
Accepted: 02 April, 2019
Published: 29 May, 2019


This study investigated the factors that contribute to poor performance in science among grade 9 and 12 learners in the Eastern province of Zambia. The study employed a cross-sectional research design involving 137 participants attending the Zambia Association for Science Education (ZASE) Eastern Provincial Conference held in February 2019 and 74 (24 boys, 50 girls) grade 12 learners. Data were collected using open-ended questions that participants discussed in groups before presenting their findings at the conference. Data were also collected using a document analysis of the Eastern Province Strategic Plan for 2018 - 2021. The data were analysed using thematic qualitative methods and while other data were quantified for further analysis. The findings indicated that factors that influence performance in science fell into six categories namely (a) Administrative (b) Teacher (c) Learner (d) Time allotted to science teaching and learning (e) Assessment and (f) Curricular factors. More specifically, the study revealed that lack of resources such as laboratory apparatus, inadequate preparation by teachers, irregular assessment and a lack of adequate scientific knowledge were among factors that contribute to poor performance in science by learners. The study also revealed that conducting practicals, enhancing assessment, motivating learners and providing teaching and learning materials can improve learner performance in science. Therefore, it is recommended that stakeholders follow-up on the proposed strategies in order to improve learner performance in science. Further, action research needs to be conducted focusing on addressing teacher and learner factors that influence performance in science subjects.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on the factors that influence performance in science subjects among learners. The study is unique in that it brings together the views of School Administrators, Teachers, and Learners and proposes a model for improving learners’ performance in the sciences.


Factors, Influencing, Learner-Performance, Science, School administrators, Teachers, Learners.




Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The researcher wishes to thank the following persons whose input saw the successful implementation and write-up of this work; Mr. Lawrence Nyirenda (Senior Education Standards Officer, Natural Sciences – Eastern province) and Mr. Jimmy Daka (ZASE Provincial Executive Chairperson) for facilitating the conduct of the study, Mr. Mumba Nkoloma (District Education Board Secretary – Petauke District – Eastern province) for his great input during data collection, and Ms. Rozaria Musaba (teacher of English language) for editing the article.

Related Article

( 1 ) Investigating Linguistic Errors in English Composition: A Case Study of Non-English Department EFL Undergraduate Students
( 2 ) When Virtual Becomes Better than Real: Investigating the Impact of a Networking Simulation on Learning and Motivation
( 3 ) Investigating Readiness for Acceptance of Change for the Adoption of Blackboard LMS at Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Saudi Arabia
( 4 ) Investigating Issues and Challenges in Employing Action Research for Teacher Training in Malaysian Context
( 5 ) Investigating Factors Influencing Grade 9 and 12 Learner-Performance in Science – Views of School Administrators, Teachers, and Learners: The Case of Eastern Province, Zambia
( 6 ) Investigating Effectiveness of Disability Friendly Education Training Modules in Indonesian Schools
( 7 ) Investigating Employment and Career Decision of Health Sciences Teachers in the Rural School Districts and Communities: A Social Cognitive Career Approach
( 8 ) Investigating Attitude towards Role Play and its Subjective Value in Predicting Arabic Language Proficiency among UiTM Students
( 9 ) Investigating the Aesthetic Domain of the “Early Childhood Education and Care Curriculum Framework” for Young Students in Taiwan
( 10 ) Factors Affecting Knowledge Sharing Behavior in Academic Communities: Grounded Theory
( 11 ) Factors that Influence Teachers’ Perceptions of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in Mathematics Teaching in Kenyan Secondary Schools
( 12 ) Factors Influencing Accounting Students Under-Performance: A Case Study in a Malaysian Public University
( 14 ) Factors Affecting Students Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Malaysian Perspective
( 15 ) Factors Influencing Undergraduates Choice of Teaching as a Career (Fit-Choice) in Nigeria
( 16 ) Factors Affecting Academic Performance of First-Year University Students: A Case of a Vietnamese University
( 20 ) Representation of Science Process Skills in the Chemistry Curricula for Grades 10, 11 and 12 / Turkey
( 21 ) Upgraded Harmony Search Algorithm for Solving Optimal Reactive Power Dispatch Problem
( 22 ) Episodic Memories among First and Fourth Graders Early Childhood University Student Teachers, Concerning Teachers’ Behaviors: A Mixed Method Approach
( 23 ) The Impact of Text Type and Difficulty on Metacomprehension among 10th Grade Students
( 29 ) Remediating Some Learning Difficulties of L200 Science Education Students of Modibbo Adama University of Technology in Some Physics Concepts Using Multiple Representations
( 31 ) Analysis of Integrated Science and Computer Science Students’ Academic Performances in Physics in Colleges of Education, Nigeria
( 32 ) Effective Use of Teaching Methodologies in Science, Technology and Mathematics (STM) Classrooms in Nigeria: A Panacea to Vision 20:2020
( 33 ) A Case Study of Helping In-Service Science Teacher to Teach with the Science-Technology-Society Approach and its Influence on Students’ Scientific Argumentation
( 34 ) The Decline in Science Students’ Enrolment in Nigerian Colleges of Education: Causes and Remedies
( 37 ) On the Component Analysis and Transformation of An Explicit Fifth – Stage Fourth – Order Runge – Kutta Methods
( 38 ) Internationalizing Teacher Education: A U.S. – Vietnam Case Study
( 40 ) The Training Dilemma: Three Teachers’ Views of CPD
( 42 ) The Impact of Teacher-Pupil Ratio on Teaching-Learning Process in Primary Schools: Experiences from Tanzania
( 43 ) Incorporating Error Analysis Approach into the Teaching of Practical Chemistry in Senior Secondary Schools in Makurdi Nigeria: Any Effect on Achievement?
( 44 ) Counselling Against Dropout among Secondary School Students in Edo State
( 45 ) Using Cooperative E-Learning Teaching Strategy to Enhance Students’ Creativity in Secondary School Biology: A Study of Selected Schools in Nakuru County, Kenya
( 46 ) Students’ Perception of Girlchild Affirmative Action in High Schools in Masvingo Urban, Zimbabwe
( 47 ) Development of Competence Balance-Oriented Integrative Thematic Learning Tools to Foster Critical Thinking Skill and Positive Character of Elementary School Students
( 48 ) Overcoming Domestic Labour among Secondary School Students in Kenya
( 49 ) A Critical Review of the School-Based Assessment in Brunei Darussalam
( 50 ) Relationship between Selected Total Quality Management Practices Employed By Public Secondary Schools Principals and Students’ Performance in Kenya Certificate of Secondary Education in Kiambu County, Kenya
( 51 ) Teaching of Mathematics and Physics in Secondary School through Research and Study Paths
( 52 ) How to reach and Teach African American Students in Today’s Schools
( 53 ) Assessing School Leadership Challenges in Ghana Using Leadership Practices Inventory
( 54 ) Drug Use and Anti-Social Behaviour as Correlates of Secondary School Students’ Achievement in Biology in Makurdi Local Government Area of Benue State
( 55 ) Marketing Strategies And Students’ Enrolment in Private Secondary Schools in Calabar Municipality, Cross River State, Nigeria
( 56 ) Availability and Use of Instructional Materials in the Teaching of Conflict and Conflict Resolution in Primary Schools in Nandi North District, Kenya
( 57 ) Self-Concept as a Correlate of Secondary School Students Academic Performance in Mathematics
( 58 ) Principals’ School Plant Management and Academic Performance of Biology Students in Public Secondary Schools in Uyo Senatorial District, Akwa Ibom State
( 59 ) Problems of Gifted Students at King Abdullah II Schools for Distinction: Students Perspective
( 60 ) Preference of Learning Styles and its Relationship with Academic Performance among Junior Secondary School Students in Dutse Local Government Area, Jigawa State, Nigeria
( 61 ) Development of a Rating Scale for Measuring Teacher Classroom Autonomy in Secondary Schools in Southwestern Nigeria
( 62 ) Evaluation of the Attitude of Candidate Preschool Teachers Towards Physical Exercise Subject
( 64 ) Effects of Two Methods of Instruction on Students’ Critical Response to Prose Literature Text in English in Some Secondary Schools in Benin City
( 65 ) Repositioning School Based Teacher Management in Kenya: Global Practices and Approaches
( 66 ) The Extent to Which Parental Involvement Influences Transition of Pupils from Lower to Upper Primary in Manga District Schools
( 67 ) Social Studies Teachers' Performance in the Context of the Knowledge Society at Saudi Arabian Schools
( 68 ) The Representation of Gender in a Popular Primary School EFL Textbook Series in China
( 69 ) Do Preschool Teachers' Education Affect their Classroom Practices and Career Paths?
( 70 ) Challenges to E-Learning in Public Secondary Schools in Edo State in The 21st Century
( 71 ) Global Readiness among Preschools Children in Malaysia
( 72 ) Appraisal of Government Feeding Programme on Increased School Enrollment, Attendance, Retention and Completion among Secondary School Students in Maiduguri, Borno State
( 73 ) A Study on the Relationship between Problem Solving Skills and Multiple Intelligences of High School Students
( 74 ) Communicating Academic Achievement of Schools To Stakeholders: The Use of Weighted Average
( 75 ) Making Schools More Girl Friendly: Exploring the Effects of Girl Friendly Space on School Attendance of Adolescent Girls
( 76 ) An Analysis of Common Errors in ESL Descriptive Writing among Chinese Private School Students in Malaysia
( 77 ) Community Involvement and Teacher Attendance in Basic Schools: The Case of East Mamprusi District in Ghana
( 78 ) The Rwandan Secondary School Competence-Based Curriculum: Knowledge, Skills and Attitudes to Incorporate in the University of Rwanda-College of Education Programs to Align them with the Current Curriculum
( 79 ) Assessing Key Performance Indicators in Government Secondary Schools of Matabeleland Region in Zimbabwe
( 80 ) How Parental Education and Literacy Skill Levels Affect the Education of their Wards: The Case of Two Schools in the Effutu Municipality of Ghana
( 81 ) Teacher Perception of Parents Involvement in their Children’s Literacy and their Reading Instructions in Kuwait EFL Primary School Classrooms
( 82 ) Predictors of the Drop in School Marks in Secondary School: Evidence for Effects of Students’ Socio-Demographic Background
( 83 ) Importance of Anger Management in Pre-School Childhood
( 84 ) Disciplinary Management in Public Primary Schools and Teachers Job Effectiveness in Yakurr Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria
( 85 ) School-Community Relationship and School System Effectiveness in Secondary Schools in Cross River State
( 87 ) Agribussiness Mobile Based Learning: ADIC Model to Support Students HOTS and Life Skill in Vocational School
( 88 ) Shifting Primary School Teachers Understanding of Songs Teaching Methods : An Action Research Study in Indonesia
( 89 ) Examining the Implications of Differentiated Instruction for High School Students’ Self-Actualization
( 90 ) Effectiveness of Gamification of Web-Based Learning in Improving Academic Achievement and Creative Thinking among Primary School Students
( 91 ) Conceptual Understanding, Procedural Knowledge and Problem-Solving Skills in Mathematics: High School Graduates Work Analysis and Standpoints
( 92 ) Forecasting the Results of Students Attending School in Vietnam by Geographical Area