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Impact of Subclinical Mastitis on Reproductive Performance of Dairy Animals

Muhammad Waseem Ghani

,

Liu Bin

,

Muhammad Waseem Birmani

,

Aamir Nawab

,

Lang Guan Cun

,

Li Ye

,

Xiao Mei

Muhammad Waseem Ghani 1 

Liu Bin 2 Muhammad Waseem Birmani 2 Aamir Nawab 2 Lang Guan Cun 1 Li Ye 1 Xiao Mei 1 ,
;

  1. Department of Animal Breeding, Genetics and Reproduction Agricultural College, Guangdong Ocean University, Guangdong, China. 1

  2. Department of Livestock Production and Management, Agricultural College, Guangdong Ocean University, Guangdong, China. 2

Pages: 48-57

DOI: 10.18488/journal.110.2019.52.48.57

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Article History:

Received: 06 September, 2019
Revised: 14 October, 2019
Accepted: 20 November, 2019
Published: 18 December, 2019


Abstract:

According to the international dairy federation, the dairy sector provides up to one billion livelihoods around the globe. Albeit, it faces many challenges including the two potentially threatening diseases which are mastitis and infertility. Both are complex multifactorial diseases, and mastitis is associated with causing infertility. Mastitis is an intramammary infection (IMI) and it occurs in two forms, clinical and subclinical. Mastitis being the infection of mammary glands, directly affects milk production to reduce its quality and quantity and indirectly hinders the reproductive performance of dairy animals. It negatively affects the reproduction parameters of dairy animals including, an increase in days open, a decrease in pregnancy rates, and increases chances of early embryonic losses and abortion. The chronic cases of mastitis lead toward the infertility of dairy animals and both of these diseases are responsible for increasing the culling rate and decreasing the profitability of a dairy farm. The objective of this study is to illustrate the influence of subclinical mastitis on reproduction parameters of dairy animals including, days open, days to the first service after calving, pregnancy rates, abortion, and embryonic losses. The relation between mastitis and infertility will be explained mechanistically.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the literature related to the field of animal science and particularly it discusses the issues related to subclinical mastitis in dairy animals. The primary purpose of this study is to bring this issue under the attention of animal science researchers and veterinarians to understand the gravity of situation and to work for treatment and cure of intramammary infections.

Keywords:

Intramammary infection, Subclinical mastitis, Infertility, Pregnancy rate, Embryonic losses, Abortion.

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Reference:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

The author wants to thank supervisor Professor Xiao Mei for her excellent guidance and mentorship.

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