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International Journal of Management and Sustainability

August 2014, Volume 3, 8, pp 484-492

The Inclination of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Students towards Entrepreneurship

Mior Nasir Mior Nazri


Zarinah Hamid


Herna Muslim

Mior Nasir Mior Nazri 1

Zarinah Hamid 2 Herna Muslim 2 

  1. Faculty of Information and Communication Technology, International Islamic University Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 1

  2. Faculty of Economics and Management Sciences, International Islamic University Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 2


The lack of innovation in human capital in terms of quality and quantity as well as the   significant brain drain has retarded the progress of Malaysia towards becoming a developed country by 2020. In view of this situation, the Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) of Malaysia has assigned the National Coordination Taskforce for Innovation (NCTI) to develop an innovative human capital (IHC) at tertiary level. One of the key elements in the IHC implementation plan is to enhance the entrepreneurial skills through education. The objective of this study is to investigate the perception and reception of non-business students on entrepreneurship education at the Faculty of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) of International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM). It examines the level of students’ inclination towards becoming entrepreneurs and their interest to learn entrepreneurial skills. The survey utilizes 96 usable responses of third and fourth year students from the faculty. The primary data consists of a set of survey questionnaires which include entrepreneurial intention, attitude towards entrepreneurship, subjective norms of entrepreneurship, perceived behavioral control over entrepreneurship, the influence of faculty on entrepreneurial behavior and the entrepreneurship learning propensity.  It provides some insights on the factors influencing ICT students to venture into entrepreneurship. It also suggests measures on the importance of graduates to become successful entrepreneurs and be less dependent on employers.
Contribution/ Originality
Various programs under the Minister of Higher Education (MOHE) of Malaysia have been implemented to attract more students’ involvement in entrepreneurship, yet the participation is still low especially from non-business students. Therefore, the reason of conducting this study is to identify the inclination of non-business students in IIUM towards entrepreneurship. It will help give awareness to the government and educational institutions on the factors that influence the students’ self-employment and subsequently encourage the participation of students, especially non-business students to be involved in entrepreneurship. In fact, a new curriculum policy and resources which fit the needs of future entrepreneurs could be planned in order for entrepreneurship education to be disseminated throughout college campuses. Compared to previous studies which concentrate on Business students, the scope of respondents in this study covers the technical field students in the Faculty of Information and Communication Technology. 



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