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Journal of Forests

June 2020, Volume 7, 1, pp 32-35

Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes

Iroko, O. A.

,

Asinwa, I.O.

,

Odewale, M.A.

,

Wahab, W.T.

Iroko, O. A. 1 ,

Asinwa, I.O. 1 Odewale, M.A. 1 Wahab, W.T. 1 
  1. Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria. 1

Pages: 32-35

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2020.71.32.35

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Article History:

Received: 01 July, 2020
Revised: 06 August, 2020
Accepted: 28 August, 2020
Published: 18 September, 2020


Abstract:

Forest trees are socio-economically important but are currently threatened. This study adopted 4×4 factorial experiment in completely randomized design with ten replicates to assess effects of light intensities (100%LI, 75%LI, 50%LI and 25%LI) and soil textural classes (Sandy, Loamy, Sandy-loam and Clay) on the early growth of Triplochiton scleroxylon seedlings as a necessary step for domestication. Data collected was subjected to One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA). The best performance for light intensity was observed under 100%LI with plant height 14.79±1.26cm, collar diameter 2.28±0.18mm and 13.11±0.96 number of leaves while the least performance was observed in seedlings under 25%LI with seedling height 10.23±0.59cm, collar diameter 1.97±0.13mm and 6.41±0.45 number of leaves and best performance in soil textural classes was recorded under loamy soil with seedling height 14.90±1.20cm, collar diameter 2.33±0.18mm and 13.11±0.32 number of leaves while the least performance was observed in seedlings grown with sandy soil with seedling height 11.00±0.61cm, collar diameter 1.99±0.13mm and least number of leaves was recorded in seedlings with sandy-loam with 7.41±0.55 number of leaves. Overall best performance was observed in seedlings grown with sandy-loam under 100%LI with seedling height 23.80±0.75cm, collar diameter 4.69±0.34mm and 14.79±0.29 number of leaves while the least performance was observed in seedlings grown with clay under 25%LI with seedling height 10.30±0.68cm, least collar diameter 3.69±0.28mm and number of leaves 13.69±0.28 was observed in seedlings grown with sandy soil under 75%LI. Therefore, it implies that the specie require little or no shade for rapid growth and will thrive well with sandy-loam soil.
Contribution/ Originality
This study revealed that T. scleroxylon seedlings can be raised successfully under different light intensity and soil textural class which makes the species a good candidate for afforestation, enrichment planting, soil amendment, land reclamation and restoration to check climate change, land degradation and loss of biodiversity due to land encroachment.

Keywords:

Triplochiton scleroxylon, Light intensity, Soil textural classes, Plant height, Collar diameter, Number of leaves, Domestucation.

Reference:

[1]          J.-X. Liao, X.-Y. Zou, Y. Ge, and J. Chang, "Effects of light intensity on growth of four Mosla species," Botanical Studies, vol. 47, pp. 403-408, 2006.

[2]          A. Vyse, M. R. Cleary, and I. R. Cameron, "Tree species selection revisited for plantations in the Interior Cedar Hemlock zone of Southern British Columbia," The Forestry Chronicle, vol. 89, pp. 382-391, 2013.

[3]          S. S. Lawson and C. H. Michler, "Afforestation, restoration and regeneration—not all trees are created equal," Journal of Forestry Research, vol. 25, pp. 3-20, 2014.

[4]          J. Hall and S. Bada, "The distribution and ecology of Obeche (Triplochiton scleroxylon)," Journal of Ecology, vol. 67, pp. 543-564, 1979.

[5]          P. P. Bosu and E. Krampah, Triplochiton scleroxylon K. Schum: In Louppe D, Oteng Amoako AA, Brink M (Eds). Wageningen, Netherlands: Timbers / Lumber, 2005.

[6]          K. Okunomo, "Utilization of forest products in Nigeria," African Journal of General Agriculture, vol. 6, pp. 145-157, 2010.

[7]          D. O. Adelani, M. A. Aduradola, I. O. O. Aiyelaagbe, O. Akinyemi, and C. I. Agbaje, "Growth promoters of tropical forest tree seedlings: A Review," Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal for the Tropics, vol. 11, pp. 92-100, 2014a.

[8]          D. O. Adelani, M. O. Adedire, M. A. Aduradola, and R. A. Suleiman, "Enhancing seed and seedling growth of forest trees," Biological and Environmental Sciences Journal for the Tropics, vol. 11, pp. 50-56, 2014b.

Statistics:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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