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Journal of Forests

December 2017, Volume 4, 2, pp 16-26

Variation of Wood Density in Tropical Rainforest Trees

Adrien N. Djomo

,

Guylene Ngoukwa

,

Louis Zapfack

,

Cedric D. Chimi

Adrien N. Djomo 1

Guylene Ngoukwa 2 Louis Zapfack 2 Cedric D. Chimi 2 

  1. Department of Geography and Planning, Queen’s University, Kingston, ON, Canada 1

  2. Laboratory of Plant Systematic and Ecology, Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, Yaounde, Cameroon 2

Pages: 16-26

DOI: 10.18488/journal.101.2017.42.16.26

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Article History:

Received: 04 October, 2017
Revised: 14 November, 2017
Accepted: 21 November, 2017
Published: 30 November, 2017


Abstract:

Measurement of wood density in Congo Basin forests are needed to reduce uncertainties on estimations of carbon stocks. The purpose of this study was to test vertical variation and temperature variation (80 °C, 105 °C) effects on wood density of species in a semi-deciduous forest of eastern Cameroon. Wood samples were collected on felled trees, at the base, middle of the trunk and on the branches in plots of 10 m x 10 m for trees <5 cm diameter, of 20 m x 10 m for trees with diameter between 5 and 10 cm and, of 20 m x 250 m for trees with diameter ? 10 cm. 162 trees with diameter between 1 cm and 146 cm were used. The highest wood density (0.912) was found in Ficus sp. and lowest (0.295) in Enantia chlorantha. Using 80 °C as temperature to estimate wood density increased the value of about 10% when compare to the reference temperature of 105 °C. A significant difference was observed between wood density of the base and the top of trees studied. 10 species did not have wood density reported in the Global Wood Density database. This study recommends further research on wood density to cover as many tree species as possible in the Congo Basin.
Contribution/ Originality

Keywords:

Drying temperature, Vertical variation, Wood density