Richard Adeleke (2019). The Use of Indigenous Methods in Seasonal Climate Prediction and Adaptation among Farmers in Atisbo Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 8(2): 21-33. DOI: 10.18488/journal.10.2019.82.21.33
In recent times, agricultural productivity has been on the decline in ATISBO Local Government of Oyo State due to neglect by the government and more recently, the severity of climate change. More worrisome is the fact that farmers do not have access to modern technologies for climate prediction and adaptation which has made them rely heavily on their indigenous methods. Consequently, the focus of this study is to investigate the indigenous methods used by farmers in climate prediction and adaptation as well as the effects of climate change on crop yield. Data for the study were obtained via a structured questionnaire and focus group discussion involving 260 farmers. It was found that farmers’ age (R²=19.7%; B=0.444), duration of stay in the locality (R²=35.7%; B=0.598) and education (R²=38.9%; B=-0.623) were the major determinants of the use of indigenous methods in climate prediction and adaptation. Animal behaviour, plant phenology, atmospheric changes, astronomical changes and water bodies were the major indigenous methods of climate prediction while multi-cropping and contour ploughing were some adaptive measures. Crop yields of the farmers declined drastically while it is glaring that climate change is taking its toll on the indigenous methods of farmers. The paper recommends easy access of farmers to modern technologies for climate prediction and adaptation, as well as the integration of indigenous methods with the scientific method.
This study is one of the very few studies to investigate the use of indigenous methods in seasonal climate prediction and adaptation among farmers in Nigeria. Although different indigenous methods were reported, the severity of climate change is beginning to take its toll on the indigenous methods of farmers.
Reading Activities in Kauman Area, Parakan, Indonesia, During the Colonial Era Using Mapping Analysis
Ari Widyati Purwantiasning , Kemas Ridwan Kurniawan , Pudentia Maria Purenti Sri Suniarti (2019). Reading Activities in Kauman Area, Parakan, Indonesia, During the Colonial Era Using Mapping Analysis. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 8(2): 34-43. DOI: 10.18488/journal.10.2019.82.34.43
This paper aims to identify the activities of a local organization known as Barisan Bambu Runcing as a part of the undertakings of Indonesian warriors in the colonial era, particularly in Kauman, Parakan, Temanggung, Central Java, Indonesia. The role of Indonesian warriors was very particular, as it involved their preparation to fight the Dutch and the Japanese. By identifying such activities in the colonial era, future generations will understand historical events, so they will appreciate history. We have chosen a heritage city in Indonesia as a case study to achieve the research objectives, one known as a city of Bambu Runcing (sharpened bamboo for a traditional weapon), namely Parakan, which is located in Central Java, Indonesia. Parakan, which has been designated as a heritage city since 2015, has a unique character. Its historical area is separated into two sectors: Kauman Area and Pecinan Area. This research employed Kauman Area for the case study because it has a long significant history as the place where Bambu Runcing was established. A qualitative method was used, specifically a historical method through the oral tradition approach, in order to reveal the activities of a moslem Indonesian warriors organization which known as Barisan Bambu Runcing in the colonial era, particularly in Kauman Area.
This study originates new approach in architectural research. Delivering oral tradition approach, this study will contribute how an architectural research could be conducted with new approach in qualitative methods.
Effects of Municipal Abattoir Waste on Water Quality of Woji River in Trans-Amadi Industrial Area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria: Implication for Sustainable Urban Environmental Management
Collins H. Wizor , Hycienth O. Nwankwoala (2019). Effects of Municipal Abattoir Waste on Water Quality of Woji River in Trans-Amadi Industrial Area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria: Implication for Sustainable Urban Environmental Management. International Journal of Geography and Geology, 8(2): 44-57. DOI: 10.18488/journal.10.2019.82.44.57
This research provides a spatial analytical framework for sustainable urban environmental management. It examines the effects of abattoir wastes on water quality of the Woji River in the Trans-Amadi industrial area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The research was premised on the fact that untreated wastes from the Trans-Amadi abattoir are discharged directly into open drainage which flows into the river. Water samples were collected from nine points along the stream (upstream; 3 samples, downstream; 3 samples, fallout; 3 samples) and subjected to physico-chemical laboratory analysis for total dissolved solids (TDS), temperature, pH, turbidity, hardness, iron content, nitrate, sulphate, magnesium, nickel, copper as well as some biological parameters. The results obtained from these parameters were at variance with the allowable limits of WHO standards for human use and aquatic life. The result further showed that the abattoir effluent has lowered the quality of the receiving Woji River particularly at fallout point and downstream. There is, therefore, need to stop the discharge of effluents into the receiving Woji River by upgrading the wastewater and urban waste management techniques of the abattoir to international standard.
This study contributes to the existing literature on the spatial analytical framework on abattoir wastes on water quality. This study uses a new estimation methodology of Peason’s Coefficient to represent the relationship between microbiological and physico-chemical parameters of the river.