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International Journal of Geography and Geology

February 2019, Volume 8, 2, pp 58-68

Geographical Analysis of Household Waste Generation and Disposal in Taraba State, Northeast Nigeria

Peter P. Umeh


Kelechi Friday Nkwocha


Samuel Oji Iheukwumere

Peter P. Umeh 1
Kelechi Friday Nkwocha 2

Samuel Oji Iheukwumere 3

  1. Department of Geography, Taraba State University, Jalingo, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Geography, University of Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria. 2

  3. Department of Geography and Meteorology, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Anambra State Nigeria. 3

Pages: 58-68

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10.2019.82.58.68

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Article History:

Received: 04 February, 2019
Revised: 22 March, 2019
Accepted: 30 April, 2019
Published: 09 July, 2019


Household wastes have become one of the greatest menaces in the world over, and the situation in developing countries such as Nigeria has become pathetic. The goal of this paper is to examine the nature of household solid waste generation, collection and methods of disposal in Jalingo, Taraba State, Nigeria. The data for this study was collected through primary and secondary sources. The Primary data sources include; field work, questionnaire and personal observation. The secondary sources of data were obtained from the ministry of Environment Jalingo, for a period of ten (10) years (2000-2013). A set of 200 carefully coded questionnaires were distributed, this was done to elicit responses from respondents. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) technique was employed in the examination of the statistical significance of the variation among the selected area of study. From our results, 56.5% of respondents are female while 43.5% of respondents are male. The study revealed that a large proportion (47%) of Jalingo residents dump their wastes at refuse disposal points in their neighborhoods, 35% dump their wastes in any available open land while 5 and 8% dump their wastes in streams and drainages respectively. The study concluded by noting that household waste is not properly managed in jalingo and therefore recommends that policy makers are required to identify and distinguish between the day time and official population in Jalingo and use the statistics as a basis for planning.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated household waste generation in Taraba State, Northeast Nigeria. A lot has been written on solid waste management, Liquid wastes and municipal waste management in the study area, but curiously, scholars have either neglected or have chosen to form a blind eye to the rising challenges of household solid waste management in Jalingo. It is this gap that this research intends to fill.


Household waste, Disposal, Variation, Jalingo, Taraba, Nigeria.




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


The authors sincerely thank their friends and colleagues who assisted in one way or the other in the cause of this research.

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