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International Journal of Geography and Geology

February 2019, Volume 8, 2, pp 44-57

Effects of Municipal Abattoir Waste on Water Quality of Woji River in Trans-Amadi Industrial Area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria: Implication for Sustainable Urban Environmental Management

Collins H. Wizor


Hycienth O. Nwankwoala

Collins H. Wizor 1

Hycienth O. Nwankwoala 2

  1. Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B 5323, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Geology, University of Port Harcourt, P.M.B 5323, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. 2

Pages: 44-57

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10.2019.82.44.57

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Article History:

Received: 01 February, 2019
Revised: 19 March, 2019
Accepted: 25 April, 2019
Published: 04 June, 2019


This research provides a spatial analytical framework for sustainable urban environmental management. It examines the effects of abattoir wastes on water quality of the Woji River in the Trans-Amadi industrial area of Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The research was premised on the fact that untreated wastes from the Trans-Amadi abattoir are discharged directly into open drainage which flows into the river. Water samples were collected from nine points along the stream (upstream; 3 samples, downstream; 3 samples, fallout; 3 samples) and subjected to physico-chemical laboratory analysis for total dissolved solids (TDS), temperature, pH, turbidity, hardness, iron content, nitrate, sulphate, magnesium, nickel, copper as well as some biological parameters. The results obtained from these parameters were at variance with the allowable limits of WHO standards for human use and aquatic life. The result further showed that the abattoir effluent has lowered the quality of the receiving Woji River particularly at fallout point and downstream. There is, therefore, need to stop the discharge of effluents into the receiving Woji River by upgrading the wastewater and urban waste management techniques of the abattoir to international standard.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature on the spatial analytical framework on abattoir wastes on water quality. This study uses a new estimation methodology of Peason’s Coefficient to represent the relationship between microbiological and physico-chemical parameters of the river.


Abattoir, Urban environmental, Management, Water quality, Waste, Sustainability, Woji River, Port Harcourt.




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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