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International Journal of Geography and Geology

February 2018, Volume 7, 2, pp 27-34

The Impact of Land Use on Spatial Variations of Begging in District Lahore_Pakistan

Imran Khan

Imran Khan 1

  1. Department of Geography, University of the Punjab, New Campus, Lahore, Pakistan 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 27-34

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10.2018.72.27.34

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Article History:

Received: 14 March, 2018
Revised: 09 April, 2018
Accepted: 11 April, 2018
Published: 13 April, 2018


Begging has seen more critical social issue in most urban centers of developing states. The present study explores the relationship between begging and land use in District Lahore_Pakistan. This study is based both primary as well as secondary data. To determine the spatial variations of begging, well-developed questionnaires were designed to get relevant information from randomly selected beggars. The study which used z-score to compare the concentration of begging in the study area verified that the occurrence of begging is a function of land use activities. It recommends that more research works should be done on the problem of begging to observe more relationships between begging, land uses and other social issues such as urbanization, socio-economic background, poverty and culture.
Contribution/ Originality
This study used a new technique of GIS hot spot analysis through which different hot spots and cold spots of beggars were explored. This study is one of very few studies which have investigated and verified a relationship between begging and different land use.


Urban land-use, Spatial, Variations, Beggars, Begging., Total Family Income, Most Earning Season


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


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