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International Journal of Geography and Geology

April 2017, Volume 6, 4, pp 79-93

Microfacies and Morphotectonic of the Tirgan Formation in Ghorogh Syncline (North of Chenaran)

Hoda Yavarmanesh

,

Seyed Hamid Vaziri

,

Ali Asghar Aryaei

,

Davood Jahani

,

Mohsen Pourkermani

Hoda Yavarmanesh 1 ,

Seyed Hamid Vaziri 1 Ali Asghar Aryaei 3
Davood Jahani 1 Mohsen Pourkermani 1 
  1. Department of Geology, North Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran 1

  2. Department of Geology, Mashhad Branch, Islamic Azad University, Mashhad, Iran 3

Pages: 79-93

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10.2017.64.79.93

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Article History:

Received: 29 July, 2016
Revised: 24 March, 2017
Accepted: 19 April, 2017
Published: 16 June, 2017


Abstract:

In this research, the Tirgan Formation in Ghorogh Syncline (north of Chenaran) with the thickness of 412 m in north flank and 251 m in south flank is studied. The Tirgan Formation in Ghorogh sectionsis included limestones, marlylimestones, shales and sandstones in lower parts of the formation. In these sections, there are impressions of echinoderms toxasteridae family, many of foraminifera from orbitolinidae family and also lots of calcareous algae that create facies variation along with other nonskeletal allochems. The study of sediment facies led to the recognition of four facies belts and six microscopic standard facies in the Tirgan Formation and shows the oscillation of sea level but totally it can be concluded that the basin was shallow and formed in the ramp platform. According to the evidence, the oolithic limestones and intercalated shales of the Tirgan Formation in south flank, Ghorogh Syncline are slided on the red sandstone of Shurijeh Formation as transition slides because of lubrication. These landslides are distinguished and formed (7times) because of the stresses which are done from the northern syncline to the south of Ghorogh valley and formed the current morphotectonic for the area. This phenomenon could name as decollement.

Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is finding real thickness of  Tirgan Formation in south flank Ghorogh Syncline. Morphotectonic studies show transitional slides of Tirgan Formation in Chenaran map (1:100000) wrongly named Shurijeh Formation while this research led to the corrected and these transitional slides named Tirgan Formation.

Keywords:

Tirgan, Ghorogh, Foraminifera, Calcareous algae, Nonskeletal allochems, Lubrication, Decollement

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Yavarmanesh, H., 2017. Microbiostratigraphy, microfacies and morphotectonic of the Tirgan Formation in Ghorogh Syncline (north of Chenara), Ph.D Thesis, Islamic Azad University, North Tehran Branch, Iran. pp: 211.

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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( 207 ) Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Maastrichtian and Paleocene Sediments in the Northern Alborz, Iran, Using Foraminifera
( 208 ) The Relationship Between Low-Carbon Finance and Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Industrial Bank of China
( 209 ) Political Economy and Stakeholder Perspectives on Inclusive Low-Carbon Energy Transition: Case of Kenyan Rangelands
( 210 ) Sphene and Zircon Fission Track Analysis of Syenite Rocks of the Sushina Hills, Purulia-Bankura Shear Zone (TPSZ)
( 211 ) Climate Change, Cattle-Rearing and Creation of Ranches to Protect the Environment in Southwest, Nigeria
( 212 ) Did Global Warming and Climate Change Cause the Degradation of Lake Chad, Africa's Most Important 'Ecological Catastrophe'?
( 213 ) Efficiency Enhancement in Plasmonic Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Employing High Performance TiO2 Photoanode Doped with Silver Nanoparticles
( 214 ) Variations of Atmospheric Boundary Layer Stability Conditions Over Climate Belts in Nigeria
( 215 ) Assessing the National Sanitation Policy in Rwanda
( 216 ) Monitoring of surface soil quality parameters of the Sitalakshya River, Bangladesh
( 217 ) Analysis of the Effect of Variations in Refractivity Gradient on Line of Sight Percentage Clearance and Single Knife Edge Diffraction Loss
( 218 ) Determination of Refractivity Gradient and Modified Refractivity Gradient for Cross River State
( 219 ) Impact of the Optimal Tilt Angle on the Solar Photovoltaic Array Size and Cost for a 100 kWh Solar Power System in Imo State
( 220 ) Monitoring of Surface Soil Quality Parameters of the Sitalakshya River, Bangladesh
( 221 ) Economic Contributions and Environmental Effects of Geothermal Energy: Çanakkale-Tuzla Geothermal Example