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International Journal of Geography and Geology

November 2016, Volume 5, 11, pp 224-235

Soil Erosion Hazard Mapping in Central Zab Basin Using Epm Model in GIS Environment

Himan Shahabi


Mamand Salari


Baharin Bin Ahmad


Ayub Mohammadi

Himan Shahabi 1 ,

Mamand Salari 1 Baharin Bin Ahmad 3
Ayub Mohammadi 4

  1. Department of Geomorphology, Faculty of Natural Resources, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran 1

  2. Department of Geoinformation, Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM), Malaysia 3

  3. Department of Geomorphology, Faculty of Geography, University of Tehran, Iran 4

Pages: 224-235

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10/2016.5.11/

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Soil losses and erosion are the primary concerns that decrease soil fertility, deposition materials in waterways, flooding, environmental pollution, and declining dam capacity. The aim of this study is zonation of soil erosion hazard and sediment yield in central Zab basin in southwest of West-Azerbaijan province in Iran. The Sardasht dam construction is established on its main branches that estimate amount of soil erosion and sedimentation of behind the dam is necessary. Hence EPM model have been used to soil erosion hazard mapping using series of GIS data, Landsat ETM+ satellite images, aerial photos in GIS environment. Required layers information was used in this research including slope, aspect, lithology, soil, land use, rainfall, and river erosion. Hence, GIS databases and their weighting of each map layers were extracted according to the hydrologic units. Also, GIS database was prepared based on EPM model to extract of erosion and sedimentation maps The obtained result using EPM model showed that south and southwest parts of central Zab basin near the Sardasht Dam construction are very highly eroded due to their soil erosion and lithology while the northern parts of case study are moderately eroded because of the intensive land cover.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature to determine the dominant erosion features in the mountainous catchment using satellite data and GIS techniques. This study documents can be used to estimate the amount of sediment reaching the dams, natural resource management and land use planning.


Satellite data, GIS, EPM model, Erosion, Sedimentation, Hazard mapping.



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This study was conducted as a part of Research University Grant (Q.J130000.2527.12H65) by Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM) and University of Kurdistan, Iran.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study. The authors gratefully acknowledge the anonymous reviewers and editor for their valuable reviews and suggestions.

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