Designed and organized structures show increased resistance compared to organic and compressed ones when facing natural dangers. Based on Islamic indices of the Department of roads and city construction regarding old constructs, the main organic weaves of cities are included in this definition. So, near one eighth of the city population of Iran resides in such structures. This matter has made attention to renovation and strengthening of this immense volume of city structure more necessary. In this planning, attention should be devoted to special design of spaces for safe evacuation, design of public passageways in accord with prevention of blockage at the time of earthquake, and dangerous city facilities such as gas provision networks and the building material of the ground. Only with strengthening of these structures, people can to some extent in case of occurrence of an earthquake have peace of mind and live without fear. In this paper which has been formulated based on an applied and descriptive-analytic method, it has been endeavored concurrently with analysis of past actions to introduce new executive strategies for the purpose of decreasing riskiness in these structures.
This study based on the approved urban development plans was conducted to document the dangers of earthquakes and its influence on the damaged area with regard to the specific circumstances of the tissues. Also, this study by analyzing the vulnerability factors provides executive solutions in this field.
City, Attrition, Old texture, Identification criteria, Earthquake, Vulnerability, Executive solutions.
Adibi, S.F., 2010. Concept of attritioned structure and its characteristics. Councils Monthly Magazine, 54: 4-9.
Andalib, A.R., 2008. A collection of notes on the renovation of old buildings. Tehran: Urban Renewal Organization, 1(1).
Chardon, A., 1999. A geographic approach of the global vulnerability in urban area: Case of Manizales, Colombian Andes, Colombian Andes. Geo Journal, 49(2): 197-212.
Crisis Management Mashad City Department, 2012. How can we increase city resilience? Mashhad, Iran: Applicated for United Nations Sasakawa Award (2011), UNISDR.
Faraji, M.A., 2010. Various methods of intervention in improvement and renovation of cities. Councils Monthly Magazine, 54: 10-16.
Ghadiri, M., E.A. Rokneddin, S. Shayan and A. Parhizkar, 2011. Explanation of socio-spacial vulnerability centralization in the city of Tehran against earthquake. Humanities Sciences Teacher (Spatial Planning and Logistics), 3(16): 31-54.
Ghaed, R.S., A. Gandomkar and A. Khoshkalampour, 2013. Evaluation of the variables influential on vulnerability of city residences against earthquake (Case Study: City of Broujerd). Environmental Logistics, 24(7): 83-103.
Hanachi, S., 2003. Necessity for reviving old city constructs in Iran. Congress on Improvement and Renovation of Attritional and Nonfunctional Constructs in the City of Tehran. Technical and Developmental Deputy of the City Departmentof Tehran and Department of Housing and City Development, Tehran.
Hashemzadeh, H.M., 2004-2005. Role of building engineering system organizations in securing cities. Seven Cities Journal, 6-7(18-19): 16-21.
Jahanshahi, M.H., 2003. Analysis of attritional and problem causing constructs in the city and its strategies. City Development Leaps Journal, 7: 112-117.
Monzavi, M., M. Soleimani, S. Toulaii and I. Chavoshi, 2010. Vulnerability of attritional constructs in the central section of the city of Tehran against earthquake (Case study: District 12 of Tehran). Human Geographic Research, 73(42): 1-18.
Sayah, M.A. and N. Sahfi, 2010. Explanation of the methodology of using risk management model in crisis management in city districts, case study: District 13, Tehran city department. Journal of City Management Studies, No. 2, Islamic Azad Islamic University- Sciences and Research Branch.
Sotoudeh, B., 2001. Planning of land utilization and revision of passageways for securing against earthquake (Case Example: Baghe Ferdows, District 1, City Department of Tehran). MS Dissertation, University of Tehran, Tehran.
Tehran Padir Consultant Engineers, 2009. Microzonation geotechnical shaking studies of the city of Tabriz. Eastern Azerbaijan. Tehran: Departmentof Housing and City Development.
Zivyar, P., 2010. Management of crisis in attritional city constructs with emphasis on city facilities. Councils Monthly Magazine, 54: 31-35.