Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

International Journal of Geography and Geology

November 2015, Volume 4, 11, pp 170-182

Chemical Composition and Facieses of Water from Vaskareh Village, Damavand: Implication for Industrial, Agricultural and Human Consumptions

Leila Fazli


Saeedeh Senemari

Leila Fazli 1
Saeedeh Senemari 2

  1. Department of Geology, Damavand Branch Islamic Azad University, Damavand, Iran 1

  2. Department of Mining, Faculty of Engineering, Imam Khomeini International University, Qazvin, Iran 2

Pages: 170-182

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10/2015.4.11/

Share :


The study region is located in Vaskareh, Rudhen, Damavand, in Tehran Province in the 1:100,000 map of east of Tehran. Formations of Shemshak, Karaj, Fajan, alluviums and alluvial fans of this area have outcrops in this region. Ions and cations were concentrated in this region due to severe tectonic events and rock variation. Three springs, two water reservoirs, and three wells were sampled to identify chemical type and facieses of water of Vaskareh. This sampling was taken in two turns in 2013 and 2014. Radial vectors and Piper charts were used to determine hydro chemical type and facieses of water. Finally, it was found that the samples were from bicarbonate calcite chemical types. Villax and sodium solution percentage (SSP) and alkalinity degree (RSC) and two criteria of SAR (sodium danger) and electrical conductivity (salinity danger) were used to classify water quality for agricultural applications, which water quality was suitable for agriculture in most points. Water quality for industrial use was evaluated for hardness and Langelier factor. It was unsuitable for industrial applications. Schoeller Chart showing that the water was indeed good for human consumption.

Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have water quality for different consumptions was studied. Agriculture water was studied by Wolcox Chart, SSP, RSC, SAR, and salinity danger. Water hardness was determined by Lanjelier Factor. Schoeller Chart was used to classify drinking water.




  1. Aghanabati, S.A., 2004. Geology of Iran. Tehran, Iran: Geology and Mining Discoveries Organization Publications.
  2. Bruvold, W.H. and H.J. Ongerth, 1969. Taste quality of mineralized water. Journal of the American Water Works Association, 61(4): 170-174.
  3. FAO, 1994. Water policies and agriculture, special chapter of the state of food and agriculture 1993. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of United Nations.
  4. Freeze, R.A. and J.A. Cherry, 1979. Groundwater. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  5. ISIRI Number 1053, 2009. Institute of standards and industrial research of Iran. Drinking Water -Physical and Chemical Specifications. 5th revision. Available from
  6. Kardavani, P., 1992. Water resources and problems in Iran. First book, surface and Ground Water and their revenue operation problems. 7th Edn., Tehran: Tehran Univ. Press.
  7. Moghimi, H., 2006. Hydrochemistry. 1st Edn., Tehran: Payamenoor University.
  8. National Site of Earth Data, 2011. Geology and mining discoveries organization. Available from
  9. Piper, A.M., 1944. A graphic procedure in the geochemical interpretation of water-analyses. Trans. Arner., Geophysical Union, 25(6): 914-928.
  10. Sawyer, C.N. and P.L. McCarty, 1967. Chemistry for sanitary engineers. 2nd Edn., New York: McGraw-Hili.
  11. Schöeller, H., 1962. Les Eaux Souterraines. Paris: Masson & Cie.
  12. Sedaghat, M., 1999. Earth and its water sources. Tehran: Payamenoor University.
  13. Todd, D.K. and L.W. Mays, 2005. Groundwater hydrology. 3rd Edn., New York: John Wiley & Sons.
  14. WHO, 2011. Guidelines for drinking-water quality. 4th Edn., Geneva: World Health Organization.
  15. Wilcox, L.V., 1955. Classification and use of irrigation waters. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. Agric. Circular 969.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) A Comparative Study of Physical and Chemical Parameters in Sistan and Baluchistan University Wastewater and Its Re-Use of Wastewater
( 2 ) Agrochemicals and Personal Care Products: Occurrence, Effects, Analytical Determination and Treatment Processes
( 3 ) Pollution Free Chemical Reactions in a Fluidized Bed
( 4 ) Chemical Composition and Facieses of Water from Vaskareh Village, Damavand: Implication for Industrial, Agricultural and Human Consumptions
( 5 ) Assessment of Physico-Chemical Quality of Water in Aliero Dam (Kebbi State, Nigeria)
( 8 ) Trace Metal Distribution in Surface Water, Sediment, and Tissues of Freshwater Catfish (Clarias. Gariepinus), From Oke- Afa Canal, Lagos Nigeria
( 10 ) Soil Thermal Properties and the Effects of Groundwater on Closed Loops
( 11 ) Inversion of Electrical Resistivity Data by VES Method for Water Exploring Case Study: South West of Iran
( 12 ) Problems of Mechanized Tunneling In Gassy Ground Conditions a Case Study: Nousoud Water Transmission Tunnel
( 13 ) Micro Level Geo-Resistivity Survey through V.E.S. Test for Groundwater Feasibility Study and Selection of Bore Well Sites in Pipili Block of Puri
( 14 ) Phytoremediation Model System for Aquaculture Wastewater Using Glossostigma Elatinoides and Hemianthus Callitrichoides
( 15 ) The Roles of Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) On the Practices of Soil and Water Conservation in the Case of Sekela District, Amhara State, Ethiopia
( 18 ) The Problems of Legal Regulations, Protection and Use of Groundwater (International Experience and Practice in Kazakhstan)
( 19 ) Is the Sosiani River Healthy? Investigating the Relationship between Water Quality Indicators and Macroinvertebrate Assemblages in the Sosiani River
( 20 ) Probable Deep Erosion by Continental Ice Sheet Melt Water Floods: Chalk Buttes Area of Carter County, Montana, USA
( 22 ) A Study of Stream Sediments from Soltan Meydan Basaltic Formation Area, Northern Iran
( 23 ) Exsolution Lamellae in Orthopyroxene of Lherzolite from the Pauza Ultramafic Rocks, Ne Iraq: Evidence of Deep Mantle Signature in the Zagros Suture Zone
( 24 ) Solvent Extraction of Oil from Soursop Oilseeds & its Quality Characterization
( 25 ) Valorization of Hazelnut Biomass Framework in Turkey: Support and Model Guidelines from the Italian Experience in the Field of Renewable Energy
( 26 ) Hydrocarbon Pollutant Emitted From a Diesel Engine Fueled With Biodiesel and Diesel Fuel No.2
( 27 ) Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Two Species of Crabs from Chilika Lagoon, East Coast of India
( 28 ) Governments Policy Reforms from 1970s Onward and It’s Implications on Land Use and Land Cover With the Help of GIS And RS Techniques In Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia
( 30 ) On Generation of Renewable Energy from Road Traffic
( 31 ) Forest as a Redeemer: Experiences Drawn from Selected Rural Ejagham Communities in Etung Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria
( 32 ) Landfill Site Selection Using Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) Method and Artificial Neural Network Method; A Case Study from Lorestan Province, Iran
( 33 ) The Role of Stratigraphy in Growth Strata Studies: A Case Study from the Middle-Late Cretaceous Deposits in Persian Gulf, SW Iran
( 34 ) Using Rubber Aggregate Derived from Discarded Tires for Producing Cement Concrete towards Resource Recovery and Environmental Protection in Vietnam
( 40 ) Reliability and Rationing Cost: Some Analytical Implications for a Power System
( 41 ) The Remote Sensing Imagery, New Challenges for Geological and Mining Mapping in the West African Craton - The Example of Cote D’ivoire
( 43 ) Resolving Optimum Magnetic Signatures for Drill-Hole Targeting in Gold Exploration – A Case Study for Mbudzane in Gwanda, Zimbabwe
( 44 ) Energy Demand and Financial Sector Performance in Sub-Saharan African Region
( 45 ) Application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Achieving Desire BA in the Biotransformation of Benzaldehyde Using Free Cells of Saccharomyces Cerevisae and the Effect of Β-Cyclodextrin
( 46 ) Micro Biostratigraphy and Lithostratigraphy of the Upper Permian Dalan Formation (Zagros Basin, Southwest Iran)
( 47 ) Flood Hazard Assessment and Decisions Support Using Geographic Information System: A Case Study of Uyo Capital City, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 48 ) Subsidies and the Demand for Petroleum Products in Nigeria
( 50 ) Geographic Information System (GIS) and Its Application in Urban Planning and Environment
( 52 ) Rayleigh Distribution-Based Model for Prediction of Wind Energy Potential of Cameroon
( 53 ) Thermodynamic Parameters for Solvation of Nano ZNO and Its Dopes In 50% DMSO - 50% DMF (V/V) Solutions at Different Temperatures
( 54 ) Energy Consumption and Thermal Comfort Analysis of Public Housing in Sao Paulo, Brazil
( 55 ) Carbon Sequestration Potential of Kpashimi Forest Reserve, Niger State, Nigeria
( 56 ) UPFC Integrated With Battery Energy Storage Systems for Stability Improvement
( 57 ) Eutrophication State Monitoring for Unhealthy Aquatic Ecosystem via Free-Floating Macrophytes Pattern and Behavioral
( 58 ) Aquatic Plants as Ecological Indicator for Urban Lakes Eutrophication Status and Indices
( 59 ) Well Log Sequence Stratigraphic and Palynological Analysis of Late Miocene to Pliocene Agbada Formation, Southwestern Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria
( 60 ) Effect of Active Mass in Electrode Disc on Performance of Li1.06ni0.313co0.313mn0.313o2cathode
( 61 ) Strategies for Tourism Development in National Parks with the Use of Swot Model (Case: Golestan National Park)
( 62 ) Laterite Sampling Preparation for Gold Exploration Survey at Western Burkina Faso, Northern Extension of the Lawra Belt
( 64 ) Comparative Assessment of Co2 Emission Factors Estimated Using Stack Flue Gas Measurement Data for Two Types of Brick Kiln: A Case Study in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam
( 65 ) Expanded of Informal Jobs in Iranian Border Cities, Case: Zabol-Iran
( 66 ) Renewable Sources of Energy for Economic Development in Nigeria
( 67 ) Microbiostratigraphy and Lithostratigraphy of the Upper Permian Dalan Formation in Kuh-E-Surmeh (Zagros Basin, Southwest Iran)
( 68 ) Presentation of Empirical Equations for Estimating Internal Friction Angle of SP and SC Soils in Mashhad, Iran Using Standard Penetration and Direct Shear Tests and Comparison with Previous Equations
( 70 ) Characterization of Sedimentary Anzali Sand for Static and Seismic Studies Purposes
( 72 ) Fuzzy Logic Based Energy Management System for Hybrid Electric Vehicle
( 73 ) Experimental Research Concerning the Energy Performance Determination of a New Type of Rotating Working Machine
( 74 ) Prioritization of Museums in Terms of Performance in Attracting Tourists (Case Study: Museum of North of Sistan and Baluchestan Province)
( 76 ) Runoff Prediction by Support Vector Machine for Chalous River Basin of Iran
( 78 ) Preliminary Study of Activated Carbon Filters for Pollutants Removal in Diesel Engines
( 79 ) Experimental Investigation of Dynamic Behavior of Shallow Foundation Resting on the Reinforced Sand with Embedded Pipes