Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

International Journal of Geography and Geology

March 2015, Volume 4, 3, pp 47-56

Expanded of Informal Jobs in Iranian Border Cities, Case: Zabol-Iran

Khodarahm Bazzi

Khodarahm Bazzi 1

  1. Associate professor in Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Goleestan University, Gorgan, Iran 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 47-56

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10/2015.4.3/10.3.47.56

Share :


Abstract:

Informal jobs is the part of an economy that is not taxed, monitored by any form of government, or included in any gross national product (GNP), unlike the formal economy. The growing popularity of the informal jobs (especially peddler) in cities is to be found in both hidden and obvious mechanisms rooted in unorganized in the formal sector.  What makes issues difference between informal jobs in Zabol rather other cities of Iran are located Zabol in near of Afghanistan borders.   So that the phenomenon of smuggling and illegal enter of Afghans to Iran expanded this problem in Sistan region and Zabol city. With attention to multidimensional of subject, in this paper has been used of analytical- description methods and survey activities to understand of peddlers jobs and distribution of questionnaire in both single and mixed status. Also for access to statistical data’s has been used of Zabol municipality reports. Results show that status border of Sistan region and some related works to it (such as: smuggling and resident of illegal Afghans) led to expanded of informal jobs in Zabol city. 


Contribution/ Originality
This paper is an original research in this field that introduced most types of informal jobs and affective factors with regard to and the most important reasons of tending to informal jobs in borders’ city of Zabol. 

Keywords:


Video:

Reference:

  1. Bayk Mohammadi, H. and H. Noori, 2004. Drought effects 1998-2004 Sistan and strategies to deal with the rural economy. Journal of Geography and Development, 5: 53-72.
  2. Fakoohi, N. and M. Amosi, 2009. Economic livelihood of identity and belonging among young people working in the informal economy Piranshahr. Journal of Youth, Culture and Society, 2: 49-76.
  3. Feige, E., 1990. Defining and estimating underground and informal economics: The new in situational economics approach. Whole Development, 18(7).
  4. Field Studies, 2011.
  5. Ghazi, I., H. Bayk Mohammadi and K. Bazzi, 2003. Reflecting the informal economy in Zabol city. Geographical Research Journal, 82: 102-115.
  6. Ibrahimzadeh, E., 2000. Regional analysis of urban and rural interaction in Sistan. Geography PhD Thesis, University of Isfahan.
  7. Mirzaie Ghajar, Z., 2003. Holy land or the old city's people, explaining and correcting by Mehdi Seyedi. Mashhad: Mahban Publications.
  8. Nily, M. and M. Maleki, 2006. Informal economy: Causes, methods of estimation and the effects on the official sector. Journal of Sharif, 36: 45-56.
  9. Pazhoyan, J. and M. Maddah, 2002. Economic evaluation of trafficking in Iran. Proceedings of Healthy Economy Conference, Tehran.
  10. Salehifard, M., 2007. The retail phenomenon - the phenomenon of smuggling, interactions and effects. Conference of  Healthy Economy, Mashhad Municipality.
  11. Sarlack, A., 2005. Underground economy. Journal of Information - Political and Economic, 214: 154-163.
  12. Shakibaee, A., 2001. Informal economy is estimated to Iran. Tehran: Faculty of Economics, Tarbiat Modarres University.
  13. Shakoei, H., 1985. Iranian geographers and important issues of our society. Geography Seminar Proceedings, Number one, Mashhad: Astan Qods Razavi.
  14. Smith, P., 1994. Assessing the size of the underground economy: The Canadian statistical perspectives. Canadian Economic Observer. Catalogue No. 11-010, 3: 16-33.
  15. Sprow, A., 1993. Development of a fuzzy ANP based SWOT analysis for the airline industry in Turkey. Expert Systems with Applications, 39(1): 14-24.
  16. Vatanpour, A., 2009. Basic discussions and consideration results about to smuggling goods. Journal of Workshop, 8: 80-106.
  17. Zabol City Municipality, 2011.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article