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International Journal of Geography and Geology

April 2014, Volume 3, 4, pp 56-67

Flood Hazard Assessment and Decisions Support Using Geographic Information System: A Case Study of Uyo Capital City, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

Uwem J. Ituen


Imoh Johnson


Ndifreke Nyah

Uwem J. Ituen 1 Imoh Johnson 1 Ndifreke Nyah 1 

  1. Department of Geography and Natural Resource Management, Faculty of Social Sciences University of Uyo, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria 1


The study aimed at assessing flood prone areas in Uyo Capital City with a view to suggesting control measures. It used 2008 NigerSat imagery, soil texture, rainfall, and road network data of Uyo. With Multi-criteria evaluation technique, the use of Geographic Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning System (GPS), Digital Elevation Model (DEM) and single output map algebra were employed to generate flood hazard map of Uyo. The DEM was used to generate contours, terrain elevation, slope, and aspect surfaces, where aspect provided the direction of slope that contributed to flood inundation. Flood mapping was done to determine flood locations based on a 3D terrain assessment while flood hazard assessment formed the basis for flood control in the area.  From the result of the study, flood hazard areas in Uyo Capital City were identified and classified into high, moderate, and low hazard zones. Based on this classification however, flood control measures have also been rated as critical, less critical, and non-critical respectively. Out of the 25 flood locations captured during the 2012 flash flood event, twelve locations were found on the critical control zones while thirteen were found on the less critical control zones. Based on the findings from this study, it was however suggested that town planners, construction companies and individuals should work in consultation with Geographers, Hydrologists and other stakeholders in the field who have adequate knowledge of the terrain and the technical ability in flood hazard modeling. Additionally, non-structural flood control measures have also been strongly advocated for implementation in the capital city of Uyo.
Contribution/ Originality



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  11. Ward, R., 1978. Floods: A geographic perspective. London: Macmillan.


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