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International Journal of Geography and Geology

June 2013, Volume 2, 6, pp 70-79

Investigation into the Realization of Naturalism in Hashtgerd New Town Based On the Iranian Islamic Model

Abolfazl Meshkini

,

Akram Ghasemi

,

Mahdi Hamzehnejad

,

Azita Belali x Azita Belali Oskui

Abolfazl Meshkini 1 Akram Ghasemi 1 

Mahdi Hamzehnejad 3 Azita Belali x Azita Belali Oskui 3 

  1. Faculty of Humanities, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran 1

  2. Faculty of Architecture, Iran University of Science and Technology, Tehran 3


Abstract:

Naturalism has been regarded as one of the most significant indices of the appraisal of the identity of Iranian Islamic cities. This index, by the emergence of the new era, in spite of the lucidity in the urban structures, is not deemed as an identity determiner owing to its combination with other elements, and consequently taking new roles and functions. This study focused on naturalism manifested in the presence of natural elements such as water, fountains, ponds, pools, water running in water paths on either side of roadways and streets, green spaces, the sun shining, and the wind flowing. In order to evaluate the index of naturalism in the design of Hashtgerd New Town, 379 inhabitants of this city participated in the present study. This is an applied research and a descriptive-analytical approach was utilized. For data collection, methods of library and field research were adopted. For data analysis, Frequency, Mean, and Standard Deviation were estimated and a One-sample T-test was conducted via SPSS software. The results revealed that the index of naturalism in line with the unique criteria of Iranian Islamic urban construction has been overlooked by the urban designers and constructors of Hashtgerd New Town.

Contribution/ Originality

Keywords:

Urban planning and design Iranian Islamic, Natural elements, Naturalism, Hashtgerd New Town

Reference:

  1. Behzadfar, M. and A. Barin, 2009. Hashtgerd new town identification development. Urban structure Publication.
  2. Esprin, A., 2006. The language of landscape, translation. Tehran University Publication.
  3. Kajy, H., 2000. Our identity. Tehran: ROZANEH Publication.
  4. Nasr, H., 2000. The attitude of islamic world and the western modern science. Tehran: Soroush Publication, Noumber5.
  5. Nasr, H., 2001. Human and nature, translation Tehran: Islamic Culture Office Publication.
  6. Noghrehkar, A., 2009. An introduction to islamic identity in architectural and urban construction. Tehran: Research Center of Architectural and Urban Construction in Science and Technology University.
  7. Rahimiyoun, A., 2011. The urban identity determination exploiting natural elements (the case study of hamedan city). Urban Identity Publication.
  8. Shakouei, H., 1986. The social geography of cities. Tehran: Academic Jihad Publications.
  9. Soltany, K., 1998. The anthology of urban construction discussion and approaches (life environment). Tehran: The Press Center Studies and Urban Research.
  10. Taghi Zadeh, M., 2001. Drawing inspiration from nature in creating islamic life environment.
  11. Taghi Zadeh, M., 2005. The role of nature in the advancement of urban beauty. Payam Sabz Publication.

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Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


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