Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062

Conference List

International Journal of Geography and Geology

February 2013, Volume 2, 2, pp 14-23

A Study of Stream Sediments from Soltan Meydan Basaltic Formation Area, Northern Iran

Mehdi Hashemi Gahruei


Majid Gholami


Teimoor Nazari Dehkordi

Mehdi Hashemi Gahruei 1 Majid Gholami 1 Teimoor Nazari Dehkordi 3

  1. Department of Geology, Faculty of Sciences, Golestan University, Gorgan, Iran 1

  2. Department of Earth Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran 3

Pages: 14-23

DOI: 10.18488/journal.10/2013.2.2/

Share :


Stream sediments of the Eastern Alborz Mountain located at Northern Iran, were studied at Silurian-formed Soltan Meydan Basaltic Formation area. The area which is mainly consisted of basalt, andesite and tuff represents a structurally active zone, with Mountain Front Sinuosity index (Smf) of 1.2, caused development of numerous faults, prominently with NE-SW trend. Assessment of potential for metallic mineral deposits in the area was carried out using stream sediment sampling and remote sensing. Total metal concentration in the AAS-analyzed sediments varies in the range of Cu: 33-106.54 ppm, Pb: 14.46-189.04 ppm, Zn: 40.88-376 ppm, Ni: 15.14-73.24 ppm, Co: 8.2-88.64 ppm, Mn: 321.6-1326.4 ppm, and Fe: 2.28-5.39 wt%. Statistical processing of geochemical data shows two concentrated areas as geochemical anomalies. These areas are matched with those which are presented by Photo-lineament Factor (PF) indicating high density of regional structures and tectonic features. Taking high-concentrated-fractured areas into account, it is suggested that there is a close relationship between structural features and the possibility of mineralization which explains that the stream sediments could have been enriched by streams flowing through well-developed drainage system. 

Contribution/ Originality


Stream sediments, Photo-lineament Factor (PF), geochemical anomaly, Soltan Meydan Basaltic Formation, Iran


  1. Alavi, M., 1996. Tectonostratigraphic synthesis and structural style of alborz mountain system in northern iran. Journal of Geodynamics 21: 1-33.
  2. Atsuyuki, O., I. Noboru, T. Shigeru and T. Yoshiko, 2005. Influence of surface geology and mineral deposits on the spatial distributions of element concentrations in the stream sediments of hokkaido japan. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 86: 86-103.
  3. Berberian, M., 1983. The southern caspian: A compressional depression floored by a trapped, modified oceanic crust. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 20: 163-183.
  4. Bishop, M.P., 2001. Topographic analysis and modeling for alpine glacier mapping. Polar Geography 25: 182-201.
  5. Bull, W.B. and L.D. McFadden, 1977. Tectonic geomorphology north and south of the garlock fault. California: Proceedings of the Eighth Annual Geomorphology Symposium.
  6. Bull, W.L., 1997. Discontinuous ephemeral streams. Geomorphology 19: 227-276.
  7. Champan, R.G., R.C. Leake, D.P.G. Bond, V. Stedra and B. Fairgrieve, 2009. Chemical and mineralogical signatures of gold formed in oxidizing chloride hydrothermal systems and their significance within populations of placer gold grains collected during reconnaissance. Economic Geology 104: 563-585.
  8. Dugmore, M.A., L.P. W. and R. Philip, 1996. Discovery of the mt. Bini porphyry copper-gold-molybdenum deposit in the owen stanley ranges, papua new guinea-a geochemical case history. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 57: 89-100.
  9. Duk-Rodkin, A., R.A. Chan and K.G. McQueen, 2003. Drainage evolution and implications for neotectonics and mineral exploration in the cobar uplands, nsw. CRC LEME Regional Regolith Symposia 104-109.
  10. Duncan, C.C., 1998. Comparison of late pleistocene and modern glacier extents in central nepal based on digital elevation data and satellite imagery. Quaternary Research 49(241-254).
  11. Ghavidel-Syooki, M., 2000. Biostratigraphy and palaeogeography of late ordovician and early silurian chitinozoans from the zagros basin, southern iran. Historical Biology 15: 29-39.
  12. Ghavidel-Syooki, M. and M. Vecoli, 2007. Latest ordovician-early silurian chitinozoans from the eastern alborz mountain range, kopet-dagh region, northeastern iran: Biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 145: 173-192.
  13. Hardcastle, K.C., 1995. Photo-lineament factor: A new computer-aided method for remotely sensing the degree to which bedrock is fractured. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 61: 739-747.
  14. Honarmand, M. and M. Ranjbar, 2004. Application of different image processing techniques on etm+ images for exploration of porphyry and vein type copper mineralizations in kuh-e-mamzar and kuh-e-panj areas, kerman province. Geosciences 57: 110-127.
  15. Imai, N., S. Terashina, S. Itoh and A. Ando, 1995. Compilation of analytical data for minor and trace elements in seventeen gsj geochemical reference samples, igneous rock series. Geostandard Newsletter 19: 135-213.
  16. Le Couteur, P.C. and J.A. Mcleod, 2006. Heavy mineral processing at vancouver indicator processors inc./teck cominco global discovery lab. Newsletter of the Association of Applied Geochemists 133: 15-18.
  17. Malik, J.N. and C. Mohanty, 2007. Active tectonic influence on the evolution of drainage and iandscape: Geomorphic signatures from frontal and hinterland areas along the northwestern himalaya, india. Journal of Earth Sciences 29: 604-618.
  18. Masoud, A. and K. Koike, 2006. Tectonic architecture through landsat-7 etm+/ srtm dem-derived lineaments and relationship to the hydrogeologic setting in siwa region, nw egypt. Journal of African Earth Sciences 45: 467-477.
  19. Mehdizadeh, S., H., 2008. Pre-rifting evidence of paleotethys in the southwest of shahrood, northeastern iran. World Applied Sciences Journal 3: 54-161.
  20. Ohta, A., N. Imai, S. Terashima and Y. Tachibana, 2004. Investigation of elemental behaviors in chugoku region of japan based on geochemical map utilizing stream sediments. Geochemistry 38: 203-222.
  21. Paul, F., C. Huggel and A. Kääb, 2004. Combining satellite multispectral image data and a digital elevation model for mapping debris-covered glaciers. Remote Sensing of Environment 89(4): 510-518.
  22. Sarala, P. and V. Peuraniemi, 2007. Exploration using till geochemistry and heavy minerals in the ribbed moraine area of southern finnish lapland. Geochemistry: Exploration, Environment, Analysis 7: 195-205.
  23. Sekabira, K., H. Oryem-Origa, T.A. Basamba, G. Mutumba and E. Kakudidi, 2010. Assessment of heavy metal pollution in the urban stream sediments and its tributaries. International Journal of Environment, Sciences and Technology 7(3): 435-446.
  24. Seleem, T.M., 2013. Analysis and tectonic implication of dem-derived structural lineaments, sinai peninsula, egypt. International Journal of Geosciences 4: 183-201.
  25. Singh, M., 2003. Geogenic distribution and baseline concentration of heavy minerals in sediments of the ganges river, india. Journal of Geochemical Exploration 80: 1-17.
  26. Solomon, S. and Gh. Ghebreab, 2006. Lineament characterization and their tectonic significance using landsat tm data and field studies in the central highlands of eri- trea. Journal of African Earth Sciences 46: 371-378.
  27. Wells, S.G., T.F. Bullard, C.M. Menges, P.G. Drake, P.A. Karas, K.I. Kelson, J.B. Ritter and J.R. Wesling, 1998. Regional variations in tectonic geomorphology along a segmented convergent plate boundary, pacific coast of costa rica. Geomorphology 1: 239-266.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) A Comparative Study of Physical and Chemical Parameters in Sistan and Baluchistan University Wastewater and Its Re-Use of Wastewater
( 2 ) A Study of Stream Sediments from Soltan Meydan Basaltic Formation Area, Northern Iran
( 3 ) Spatio-Temporal Analysis of Agricultural Development A Block-Wise Study of Dehradun District
( 4 ) Optimal Density Determination of Bouguer Anomaly Using Fractal Analysis (Case of Study: Charak Area, Iran)
( 5 ) Resolving Optimum Magnetic Signatures for Drill-Hole Targeting in Gold Exploration – A Case Study for Mbudzane in Gwanda, Zimbabwe
( 6 ) Tectomagmatic Origin of the Zahedan Batholiths – South East Iran (Reling on Intergrated Outcrop Study of the Petrology of High Mass in Loochan, Southwest Zahedan)
( 7 ) Flood Hazard Assessment and Decisions Support Using Geographic Information System: A Case Study of Uyo Capital City, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 8 ) Inversion of Electrical Resistivity Data by VES Method for Water Exploring Case Study: South West of Iran
( 9 ) Development and Study of Hybrid Solar and Wind Energy Systems
( 10 ) Problems of Mechanized Tunneling In Gassy Ground Conditions a Case Study: Nousoud Water Transmission Tunnel
( 11 ) Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Mineral Exploration and Exploitation in South-Northern Nigeria: A Case Study of Igarra in Edo State
( 12 ) Micro Level Geo-Resistivity Survey through V.E.S. Test for Groundwater Feasibility Study and Selection of Bore Well Sites in Pipili Block of Puri
( 13 ) Application of Fractal Geometry to Study the Geological Structure of the Zarin Plain (Plain Razak)
( 14 ) Comparative Assessment of Co2 Emission Factors Estimated Using Stack Flue Gas Measurement Data for Two Types of Brick Kiln: A Case Study in Phu Tho Province, Vietnam
( 15 ) An Exploratory Study of Effects of Prepaid Metering and Energy Related Behaviour among Ghanaian Household
( 16 ) Determining the Optimal Density of Neka Using Fractal Method and the Study of Its Geological Situation
( 17 ) A Study on Gravimeteric Situation in East of Uromieh Lake Region with Determination of Suitable Bouguer Density
( 18 ) Predicting Changes in the Land Use in Midsize Cities (Case Study: Urmia City of Iran in 2025)
( 19 ) The Effect of Ergonomics on Sustainable Urban Development: A Case Study
( 20 ) A Study on River Ecotourism Development: Case Study: Karaj River
( 21 ) Prioritization of Museums in Terms of Performance in Attracting Tourists (Case Study: Museum of North of Sistan and Baluchestan Province)
( 22 ) Residential Housing Quality Assessment Based on the Criteria of Sustainable Housing (Case Study: Residential Complex of 100 Units of Region 1 City of Zahedan)
( 23 ) Indicators of Sustainability in Vernacular Settlements Hot Dry Region of Iran, [Case Study: Kerman-Meymand]
( 24 ) Preliminary Study of Activated Carbon Filters for Pollutants Removal in Diesel Engines
( 25 ) Landfill Site Selection Using Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) Method and Artificial Neural Network Method; A Case Study from Lorestan Province, Iran
( 26 ) Retracted: Study Hydrogeochemistry Exploration of Thermal Spring in Ramsar Area, (North of Iran)
( 27 ) Lease of Noxious Gases During Burning of Mosquito Coils: A Pilot Study
( 28 ) Net-Zero Energy Building – Case Study Al Khobar City, Saudi Arabia
( 29 ) The Role of Stratigraphy in Growth Strata Studies: A Case Study from the Middle-Late Cretaceous Deposits in Persian Gulf, SW Iran
( 30 ) Zoning of Natural and Man-Made Disasters for Relief and Rescue Centers Site Selection Using the Model Logic (Case Study: Guilan Rural Area)
( 31 ) Granulometric Study of the Lokoja Sandstone, Mid Niger Basin, Nigeria
( 32 ) Experimental Study on Overtopping Performance of a Circular Ramp Wave Energy Converter
( 33 ) The Relationship Between Low-Carbon Finance and Sustainable Development: A Case Study of Industrial Bank of China
( 34 ) Experimental and Numerical Study of Magnetic Field Impact on the Thermal Solar Collectors
( 35 ) Post Disaster Recovery Process of Landslides in Developing Countries: A Case Study of Aranayake Landslide - Sri Lanka
( 36 ) Exploitation of Solar Energy between the German Leadership and the Reality of the Algerian Experience: Analytical Study During the Period (2000-2017)
( 37 ) Location Mapping of Hydrothermal Alteration Using Landsat 8 Data: A Case of Study in Prestea Huni Valley District, Ghana
( 38 ) Petrographic Study of Some Paleoproterozoic Sedimentary Rocks in the Chagupana and Tarkwa Areas of Ghana
( 39 ) Comparative Analysis of Nested Domain Sensitivity on Thunderstorm Simulation using WRF-ARW Model: A Case Study Over Bangladesh
( 40 ) Seasonal Wildfire Outbreak Trend and its Consequences on Forest Biodiversity and the Environment: A Case Study of Sierra Leone
( 42 ) Assessment of Drinking Water Quality in Different Water Sources and its Impact on Downstream Community Health around Woldia Town, Ethiopia
( 44 ) An Investigation of Mineralogy and Microscopic Structure in Kerman City Sediments
( 45 ) Biostratigraphy and Paleoecology of Maastrichtian and Paleocene Sediments in the Northern Alborz, Iran, Using Foraminifera
( 46 ) Trace Metal Distribution in Surface Water, Sediment, and Tissues of Freshwater Catfish (Clarias. Gariepinus), From Oke- Afa Canal, Lagos Nigeria
( 48 ) Exsolution Lamellae in Orthopyroxene of Lherzolite from the Pauza Ultramafic Rocks, Ne Iraq: Evidence of Deep Mantle Signature in the Zagros Suture Zone
( 49 ) Solvent Extraction of Oil from Soursop Oilseeds & its Quality Characterization
( 50 ) Valorization of Hazelnut Biomass Framework in Turkey: Support and Model Guidelines from the Italian Experience in the Field of Renewable Energy
( 51 ) Hydrocarbon Pollutant Emitted From a Diesel Engine Fueled With Biodiesel and Diesel Fuel No.2
( 52 ) Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Two Species of Crabs from Chilika Lagoon, East Coast of India
( 53 ) Governments Policy Reforms from 1970s Onward and It’s Implications on Land Use and Land Cover With the Help of GIS And RS Techniques In Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia
( 54 ) Chemical Composition and Facieses of Water from Vaskareh Village, Damavand: Implication for Industrial, Agricultural and Human Consumptions
( 55 ) On Generation of Renewable Energy from Road Traffic
( 56 ) Forest as a Redeemer: Experiences Drawn from Selected Rural Ejagham Communities in Etung Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria
( 59 ) Using Rubber Aggregate Derived from Discarded Tires for Producing Cement Concrete towards Resource Recovery and Environmental Protection in Vietnam
( 60 ) Analysis of Physico-Chemical Properties and Bacteriological Loads of Waste Water Effluent from Oxidation Pond at Woldia University, North Wollo, Ethiopia
( 61 ) Assessing Spatial and Temporal Precipitation Dynamics in Upper East Region of Ghana Using Chirps Data from 1981 to 2016
( 62 ) Analysis of the Link between CO2 Outflows, Energy Utilization, and Economic Development in a Developing Country: Evidence from Republic of Congo
( 63 ) Correlation of Natural Gases from the X Field of the Niger Delta, Nigeria
( 64 ) Combustion Quality Evaluation of Briquettes Produced from Sesame Hull as Source of Sustainable Energy
( 65 ) A Novel Approach for Lithium Extraction from Sea-Water and Subsequent Battery Fabrication for Solving Energy Crisis: Energizing the Earth for Future Dearth
( 70 ) Application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Achieving Desire BA in the Biotransformation of Benzaldehyde Using Free Cells of Saccharomyces Cerevisae and the Effect of Β-Cyclodextrin
( 71 ) Micro Biostratigraphy and Lithostratigraphy of the Upper Permian Dalan Formation (Zagros Basin, Southwest Iran)
( 73 ) Geographic Information System (GIS) and Its Application in Urban Planning and Environment
( 74 ) Well Log Sequence Stratigraphic and Palynological Analysis of Late Miocene to Pliocene Agbada Formation, Southwestern Niger Delta Basin, Nigeria
( 75 ) Microbiostratigraphy and Lithostratigraphy of the Upper Permian Dalan Formation in Kuh-E-Surmeh (Zagros Basin, Southwest Iran)
( 76 ) Assessing the Catalytic Influence of Modern Information System and Socio-Economic Status on Communities’ Attitude and Awareness to Forest Resource Sustainability in Boki Local Government Area, Nigeria
( 77 ) Microbiostratigraphy, Microfacies and Depositional Environment of the Sarvak Formation in Bi Bi Hakimeh Oil Field (Well No. 29), Southwest Iran
( 78 ) Technogenic Transformations of Sea Coasts on the Example of the Baltic Sea
( 79 ) Microfacies and Morphotectonic of the Tirgan Formation in Ghorogh Syncline (North of Chenaran)
( 80 ) Microbiostratigraphy and Sedimentary Environment of the Sarvak and Kazhdumi Formations in Bahregansar Oil Field
( 81 ) Application of Geographic Information System to Select Dam Location for Hydropower
( 84 ) Active Tectonics of Hamedan Area, West Iran
( 87 ) Spatial Appraisal of Problems and Prospects of Fertilizer Use for Agriculture on the Environment in Mbieri, Mbaitoli Local Government Area, Imo State Nigeria
( 88 ) The Impact of Human Activities on the Ndivana Forest Reserves, Kwaya Kusar Local Government Area, Borno State, Nigeria
( 89 ) Reading Activities in Kauman Area, Parakan, Indonesia, During the Colonial Era Using Mapping Analysis
( 90 ) Assessment of Ground Water Abstraction in Kwadon, Yamaltu Deba Local Government Area, Gombe State