Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
2637 E Atlantic Blvd #43110
Pompano Beach, FL 33062
USA

Conference List

5th International Academic Conference on Earth Sciences
Vennue: Patra Jasa Bali Resort & Villas Jl.Ir. H Juanda, South Kuta Beach, Kuta 80361, Bali-Indonesia
Date: 07-Jul-2018
More Details

6th International Academic Conference on Earth Sciences
Vennue: Hotel Istana Kuala Lumpur City Centre 73 Jalan Raja Chulan, Kuala Lumpur, 50200, Malaysia
Date: 08-Sep-2018
More Details

7th International Academic Conference on Earth Sciences
Vennue: Hotel Istana Kuala Lumpur City Centre 73 Jalan Raja Chulan, Kuala Lumpur, 50200, Malaysia
Date: 29-Dec-2018
More Details

International Journal of Geography and Geology

October 2012, Volume 1, 1, pp 10-22

Trace Metal Distribution in Surface Water, Sediment, and Tissues of Freshwater Catfish (Clarias. Gariepinus), From Oke- Afa Canal, Lagos Nigeria

Aderinola, O.J, Kusemiju, V, Clarke, E. O

Aderinola, O.J 1 ,

Kusemiju, V 1 Clarke, E. O 3

  1. Department of Zoology and Environmental Biology, Faculty of science, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Fisheries, Faculty of science, Lagos State University, Ojo, Lagos Nigeria 3


Abstract:

This paper discusses concentrations of 7 essential trace metals (chromium,cadmium, copper, lead,nickel, manganese and zinc) in water, sediment and freshwater fish (Clarias. gariepinus) tissues from Oke-Afa Canal, Lagos Nigeria The sampling and analysis of the samples from Oke Afa canal were carried out between the month of June-October, 2011 and experimental procedures used followed the description of American Public Health Association (APHA) The results showed that Liver concentrated highest level of zinc, copper and lead (6.851±0.005 mg/Kg, 1.876±0.001mg/Kg and 0.143±0.001mg/Kg respectively). This was followed by sediments with mean values of (nickel = 0.400±0.001mg/Kg, chromium-=0.127±0.003mg/Kg, mn =0.092±0.001mg/Kg and cadmium= 0.076±0.003mg/Kg). Surface water equally concentrated some metals such as Manganese, cadmium and lead with mean values of 0.069±0.101Mg/L, 0.043±0.011Mg/L, 0.039±0.016Mg/L respectively.
The order of bioaccumulation in sediment are Zn >Cu>Ni>Cr>Pb>Mn>Cd while the order of bioaccumulation in liver was Zn>Cu>Ni>Pb>Cd>Mn>Cr Also the order of concentration in surface water was Mn>Zn>Cd>Pb>Ni>Cu>Cr
Metal concentration in the fish tissues (flesh, bones gills and guts) was low in concentration, but the values were still significant at 95 percent confidence limit (P< 0.05) with the exception of Manganese. This suggest that the water quality of Oke Afa canal system is adversely affected and impaired by the discharge of domestic, agricultural and industrial wastes.
Comparison of these values with FAO/WHO limits in fish tissue showed that it is safe to consume the fish species from Oke -Afa canal for now but may be unsafe due to possible bioaccumulation of the metals in the organs of man since humans are at the top of food chain.

Contribution/ Originality

Keywords:

Heavy metal pollution, bioaccumulation, Clarias gariepinus, Oke-Afa Canal, chromium, copper, manganese, zinc. Lead, cadmium, nickel

Reference:

  1. Abel, P.D. (1989). Water Pollution Biology.Ellis Horwood Publishers, Chicher. 231pp.
  2. Abou EL-Naga, E. H.; EL-Moselhy, K. M.; Hamed, M. A., (2005) Toxicity of cadmium and copper and their effect on some biochemical parameters of marine fish Mugil seheliEgyptian. J. Aquat. Res., Vol.31, No.2, pp.60-71
  3. Adami, G. M.; Barbieri, P.; Fabiani, M.; Piselli, S.; Predonzani, S.; Reisenhofer, E., (2002). Levels of cadmium and zinc in hepatopancreas of reared Mytilus galloprovincialis from the Gulf of Trieste (Italy). Chemosphere, Vol.48, No.7, pp.671 – 677.
  4. Adams, S.H. (1990) Status and Use of Biological Indicators for Evaluating the Effects of Stress on Fish. In: Biological Indicators of Stress in Fish. (Edited by S. M. Adams), American Fisheries Symposium 8: 1 - 8, Bethesday, Maryland.
  5. Adeniyi AA, Yusuf KA, Okedeyi OO (2008) Assessment of the exposure of two fish species to metals pollution in the Ogun rivercatchments, Ketu, Lagos, Nigeria. Environ. Monit.Assess., Vol.137, pp.451- 458
  6. Aucoin, J.; Blanchand, R.; Billiot, C., (1999) Trace metals in fish and sediments from lake Boeuf, South Eastern Louisiana. Micro. Chem. J., Vol.62, No.2, pp.299-307
  7. Awofolu OR, Mbolekwa Z, Mtshemla V, Fatoki OS (2005) Levels of trace metals in water and sediments from Tyume river and its effectson an irrigated farmland. Water SA., Vol.31, pp.87-94.
  8. Basa, Siraj, P.; Usha Rani, A., (2003). Cadmium induced antioxidant defense mechanism in freshwater teleost Oreochromis mossambicus (Tilapia). Eco.Toxicol.Environ.Saf., Vol.56, No.2, pp.218 – 221.
  9. Boyden, C. R.; Aston, S. R.; Thornton, I., (1979) Tidal and seasonal variation of trace elements in two Cornish estuaries.Estuarine Coast Mar. Sci., Vol.9, No.3, pp.303-317 (15 pages).
  10. Brown, V., Shurben, D., Miller, W. and Crane, M. (1994). Cadmium toxicity to rainbow trout Nocorhynchus mykiss Walbaum and brown trout Salmo trutta L. over extended exposure periods.Ecotoxicity and Environmental Safety. Vol.29, pp.34-46.
  11. Canli, M., (1995). Natural occurrence of metallothionein like proteins in the hepatopancreas of the Norway lobster Nephrops Norvegicus and effects of Cd, Cu, and Zn exposures on levels of the metal bound on metallothionein. Turk. J. Zool., Vol.19, pp.313-321.
  12. Clarkson, T. W., (1998). Human toxicology of mercury. J.Trace. Elem. Exp. Med., Vol.11, No.2-3, pp.303-317.
  13. Dickman, M. D.; Leung, K. M., (1998) Mercury and organo chlorine exposure from fish consumption in Hong Kong. Chemosphere, Vol, 37, No.5, pp.991-1015.
  14. Enk, M .D and Mathis, B. J. (1977) Distribution of Cadmium and Lead in a Stream Ecosystem. Hydrobiologia, Vol. 52, pp.153 – 158.
  15. ETPS, (1995): Environmental testing of pollution status in Lake Temsah, Abu-Attwa water environment on fisheries resources, The Environmentalist, Vol.23, No.4, pp.297-306.
  16. F.E.P.A.(Federal Environmental Protection Agency). (2003); Guidelines and Standards for Environmental Pollution Control in Nigeria. 238pp.
  17. FAO/SIDA (1983) Manual of Methods in Aquatic Environmental Research, part 9. Analyses of metals and organochlorines in fish . FAO fisheries Technical Paper, 212. Federal Environmental
  18. Farkas, A., Salanki, J.; Specziar, A., (2002) Relation between growth and the heavy metal concentration in organs of bream Abramis brama L. populating lake Balaton. Arch. Environ. Contam.Toxicol., Vol.43, No.2, pp.236-243.
  19. Ferguson, H. W., (1989). Systematic pathology of fish. Ames.: Iowa State University, Press.
  20. Filipovic, V.; Raspor, B., (2003) Metallothionein and metal levels in cytosol of liver, kidney and brain in relation to growth parameters of Mullus surmuletus and Liza aurata.From the eastern Adriatic Sea. Water Res., Vol.37, No.13, pp.3253-3262.
  21. Forstner, U. and Wittmann, G. T. W. (1981) Metal pollution in the Aquatic Environment. Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Heideberg New York. 486pp
  22. Förstner, U.; Wittman, G. T. W., (1983) Metal Pollution in the Aquatic Environment. Springer Heidelberg., 486.
  23. Gbem T.T, Balogun J.K, Lawal F.A, Annune P.A.(2001). Trace metal accumulation in Clarias gariepinus (Teugels) exposed to sublethal levels of tannery effluent. Sci Total Environ. Vol.23,  No.271(1-3), pp.1-9.
  24. Hynes, H.B.N. (1970). The ecology of running waters, Liverpool University Press
  25. Idodo-Umeh, G. (2000) Freshwater fishes of Nigeria (Taxonomy, Ecological Notes, Diet and Utilization). Idodo-Umeh Publishers, Benin City, Nigeria.
  26. Ikem A, Egiebor NO, Nyavor K (2003) Trace elements in water, fish and sediment from Tuskegee Lake, South eastern U.S.A. Water, AirSoil Poll., Vol.149, pp.51-75.
  27. International Symposium on Restoration of Lakes and Wetlands: Proceedings of Lake 2000,
  28. Jennings G.D and Sneed R.E (1996). Nitrate in drinking water, North Carolina Cooperative Extension Service, Publication Number: AG pp. 473-474.
  29. Lee, H.S., Hwang, P.P. and Lin, H.C. (1996) Morphological changes of integumental chloride cells to ambient cadmium during the early development of the telecast, Oreochromis mossambicus. Environ. Boil. Of Fishes. Vol.45, pp.95-102.
  30. Luoma, S. N.; (1990). Processes affecting metal concentrations in estuarine and coastal marine sediments. Heavy metal in the marine Environment., CRC press., Boca Raton, FL, pp.51-66.
  31. Mayers, T. R.; Hendricks, J. D., (1984) Histopathology. In GM Rand, S.R. Petrocelli, Eds. Fundamental of aquatic
  32. Melancon, M.J. (1995) Bioindicators Used in Aquatic and Terrestrial Monitoring. In: Handbook of Ecotoxicology. (Eds. D.J. Hoffman, B.A. Rattner, G.A. BuKirkhan. M. B. 1983., Jr. and J. Cairns, Jr.), Lewis Publishers, London, pp. 220 – 240.
  33. Meybeck, M. (1996) River water quality: Global ranges, time and space variabilities, proposal for some redefinitions, Internationale Vereinigung fur theoretische und angewandte Limnologie, Vol.26, pp.81-96
  34. Mourad, F.A.  (1996)  M. Sc. thesis. National Institute of Oceanography and Fisheries (NIOF) Suez
  35. Nadia, B. E.; Badr Anwar, A.; El-Fiky Alaa R.; Mostafa, Bandr A.; Al-Mur., (2009) Metal pollution records in core sediments of some Red Sea coastal areas, Kingdom of SaudiArabia. Environ. Monit.Assess., Vol.155, No.1-4, pp.509-526 (18 pages).
  36. Nouri, J.; Karbassi, A. R.; Mirkia, S., (2008) Environmental management of coastal regions in the Caspian Sea. Int. J.Environ. Sci. Tech., Vol.5, No.1, pp.43-52
  37. Nouri, J.; Mahvi, A. H.; Babaei, A.; Ahmadpour, E., (2006) Regional pattern distribution of groundwater fluoride in the Shush aquifer of Khuzestan County IranFluoride. Fluoride., Vol.39, No.4, pp.321-325
  38. O.J. Aderinola, E.O. Clarke, O.M. Olarinmoye, V. Kusemiju and  M.A. Anatekhai, (2009) Heavy Metals in Surface Water, Sediments, Fish and Perwinklesof Lagos Lagoon. J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., Vol.5, No.5, pp.609-617.
  39. Olaifa, F. G.; Olaifa, A. K.; Onwude, T. E., (2004) Lethal and sublethal effects of copper to the African Cat fish (Clarias gariepnus). Afr. J. Biomed. Res., Vol.7, pp.65-70.
  40. Pekey, H., (2006) Heavy metal pollution assessment in sediments of Izmit Bay, Turkey. Environ. Monitor. Assess.,Vol.123, No.1-3, pp.219-231
  41. Rehwoldt, R. and Karimian-Teherani, D. (1976) Uptake and effect of cadmium on zebrafish.Bulletin of Environmental Contamination & Toxicology. Vol.15, No.4, pp.442-446.
  42. Samarghandi, M. R.; Nouri, J.; Mesdaghinia, A. R.; Mahvi, A.H.; Naseri, S.; Vaezi, F., (2007) Efficiency removal of phenol, lead and cadmium by means of UV/TiO2/H2O2processes. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., Vol.4, No.1, pp.10-25
  43. Sudhira H.S. and Kumar V.S. (2000) Monitoring of lake water quality in Mysore City. In:
  44. Tam, N. F. Y.; Wong, Y. S., (2000) Spatial variation of heavy metals in surface sediments of Hong Kong mangrove swamps.Environ.Pollut., Vol.110, No.2, pp.195-205
  45. Tort, L.; Torres, P., (1988) The effects of sub lethal concentration of cadmium on hematological parameters in the dog fish, Scyliorhinus Caniccula. J. Fish. Biol., Vol.32, No.2, pp.277-282.
  46. TYLER G (1972) Heavy metals pollute nature, may reduce productivity. Ambio Vol.1, No.2, pp.52-59.
  47. Vinodhini, R.; Narayanan, M., (2008) Bioaccumulation of heavy metals in organs of fresh water fish Cyprinus carpio (Common carp). Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech., Vol.5, No.2, pp.179-182
  48. Walker, D.J.; Hurl, S. (2008) The reduction of heavy metals in a storm water wetland.Ecological Engineering, v. 18, p. 407-414, 2002.Adefemi S O, Asaolu S S and Olaofe O, Res J Environ Sci., Vol.2, No.2, pp.151-155.
  49. Waqar, A., (2006) Levels of selected heavy metals in Tuna fish.Arab. J. Sci. Eng., Vol.31, No.1A, pp.89–92.
  50. WHO (World Health Organization) (1985) Guidelines for drinking water quality.Vol. 1. Recommendations, W.H.O. Geneva. 130pp.
  51. Yong, R.N.; Mohamed, A.M.O. and Warkentin, B.P. (1992) Principles of contaminant transport in soils. Developments in Geotechnical Engineering, 73.Elservier Science Publishers B.V Amsterdam.The Netherlands 327pp.
  52. Yousuf, M. H. A.; El-Shahawi., (1999) Trace metals in Lethrinuslentjan fish from Arabian Gulf: Metal accumulation in Kidney and Heart Tissues. Bull. Environ. Contam.Toxicol., Vol.62, No.3, pp.293-300.
  53. Yusuf KA, Osibanjo O (2006) Trace metals in water and sediments from Ologe lagoon, southwestern Nigeria. Pak. J. Sci. Ind. Res., Vol.49, pp.88-89.
  54. Zvinowanda, C. M.; Okonkwo, J. O.; Shabalala, P. N.; Agyei, N.M., (2009) A novel adsorbent for heavy metal remediation in aqueous environments. Int. J. Environ. Sci. Tech. Vol.6, No.3, pp.425-434

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

Competing Interests:

Acknowledgement:


Related Article

( 1 ) Trace Metal Distribution in Surface Water, Sediment, and Tissues of Freshwater Catfish (Clarias. Gariepinus), From Oke- Afa Canal, Lagos Nigeria
( 2 ) Bioaccumulation of Trace Metals in Two Species of Crabs from Chilika Lagoon, East Coast of India
( 4 ) Sequestration Rate of Heavy Metal Contaminants Using Riccia Fluitans as Potential Phytoremediation Agent in Polluted Aquatic Ecosystem
( 7 ) Rayleigh Distribution-Based Model for Prediction of Wind Energy Potential of Cameroon
( 8 ) Enhancement of Pyrolysis Yield Distribution and Particulate Emission of Empty Fruit Bunches by Washing Pre-Treatment
( 9 ) Geographical Distribution of Egyptian Lot-Chosen and Civil Associations’ Pilgrims - Chronic Diseases and their Demographic Characteristics
( 10 ) An Analysis of Effective Factors on Spatial Distribution of Poverty in Rural Regions of Hamedan Province
( 12 ) Application of Response Surface Methodology (RSM) and Artificial Neural Network (ANN) for Achieving Desire BA in the Biotransformation of Benzaldehyde Using Free Cells of Saccharomyces Cerevisae and the Effect of Β-Cyclodextrin
( 13 ) Modeling and Optimization of Phenylacetyylcarbinol Synthesis via Benzaldehyde: A Case of Artificial Neural Network vs. Response Surface Methodology
( 14 ) Erosion Surfaces of the Land Between Iznik-Mekece (Turkey)
( 23 ) A Study of Stream Sediments from Soltan Meydan Basaltic Formation Area, Northern Iran
( 24 ) Exsolution Lamellae in Orthopyroxene of Lherzolite from the Pauza Ultramafic Rocks, Ne Iraq: Evidence of Deep Mantle Signature in the Zagros Suture Zone
( 25 ) Solvent Extraction of Oil from Soursop Oilseeds & its Quality Characterization
( 26 ) Valorization of Hazelnut Biomass Framework in Turkey: Support and Model Guidelines from the Italian Experience in the Field of Renewable Energy
( 27 ) Hydrocarbon Pollutant Emitted From a Diesel Engine Fueled With Biodiesel and Diesel Fuel No.2
( 29 ) Governments Policy Reforms from 1970s Onward and It’s Implications on Land Use and Land Cover With the Help of GIS And RS Techniques In Eastern Tigray, Ethiopia
( 30 ) Chemical Composition and Facieses of Water from Vaskareh Village, Damavand: Implication for Industrial, Agricultural and Human Consumptions
( 31 ) On Generation of Renewable Energy from Road Traffic
( 32 ) Forest as a Redeemer: Experiences Drawn from Selected Rural Ejagham Communities in Etung Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria
( 33 ) Landfill Site Selection Using Simple Additive Weighting (SAW) Method and Artificial Neural Network Method; A Case Study from Lorestan Province, Iran
( 34 ) The Role of Stratigraphy in Growth Strata Studies: A Case Study from the Middle-Late Cretaceous Deposits in Persian Gulf, SW Iran
( 35 ) Using Rubber Aggregate Derived from Discarded Tires for Producing Cement Concrete towards Resource Recovery and Environmental Protection in Vietnam
( 40 ) Effects of Climatic Change On Gsm Signal in Lagos Metropolitan Terrain
( 42 ) Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Causality Analysis
( 43 ) Flood Hazard Assessment and Decisions Support Using Geographic Information System: A Case Study of Uyo Capital City, Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 44 ) Subsidies and the Demand for Petroleum Products in Nigeria
( 45 ) Sustainable Sources of Energy and the Expected Benefits to Nigerian Economy
( 46 ) Environmental and Health Impact of Solid Mineral Exploration and Exploitation in South-Northern Nigeria: A Case Study of Igarra in Edo State
( 47 ) Environmental Conservation and Use of Economic Incentives to Conserve Biological Resources in Nigeria