Journal of Sports Research

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Online ISSN: 2410-6534
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No. 2

Does Energy Drink Provokes Gait Modifications in Young Healthy Adults?

Pages: 82-92
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Does Energy Drink Provokes Gait Modifications in Young Healthy Adults?

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.82.92

Martin G. Rosario , Jason Hogle , Brooks Williams

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Martin G. Rosario , Jason Hogle , Brooks Williams (2021). Does Energy Drink Provokes Gait Modifications in Young Healthy Adults?. Journal of Sports Research, 8(2): 82-92. DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.82.92
Energy drinks have become increasingly popular among young adults and athletes in the last few years. Despite their popularity, little research has substantiated the claims of the positive effects on physical performance of popular energy drinks. Most current research focuses on caffeine alone, but does not often look at how mixing it with other psychoactive substances might alter its effects. Purpose: This study aimed to determine the alterations of gait tasks after consumption of three popular energy drinks on young healthy adults. Methods: Fifteen women and five men were recruited, screened, and signed informed consent to participate in this study. All participants were healthy young adults with no apparent comorbidities that might have been impacted by the consumption of energy drinks. Motion analysis was conducted using Movement Lab TM sensors placed at key anatomical points. Subjects were asked for two bouts of gait tasks pre-energy drink consumption, and then repeat the same tasks after energy drink consumption. Results: There were no significant modifications in gait, however, observable trends were detected in postural gait parameters following the consumption of a Rockstar energy drink. Conclusion: We infer that the trends observed could be attributed to the specific key ingredients used in Rockstar and might have caused gait deviations post consumption. Further studies should focus on Rockstar alone and its specific key ingredients of caffeine, guarana, ginseng, and milk thistle to determine their influence on gait deviations.
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The paper’s primary contribution is finding gait adaptations to diverse energy drinks or energy drinks ingredients in healthy young adults. Particularly, this research identified trends towards gait variations that could be associated to the different ingredients in energy drinks and the interactions of these ingredients with caffeine.

Proposal for an Analytical Model for Sports Migration

Pages: 75-81
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Proposal for an Analytical Model for Sports Migration

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.75.81

Jeferson Roberto Rojo , Fernando Augusto Starepravo

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Jeferson Roberto Rojo , Fernando Augusto Starepravo (2021). Proposal for an Analytical Model for Sports Migration. Journal of Sports Research, 8(2): 75-81. DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.75.81
The purpose of this study was to present a proposal for an analytical model for sports migration studies is presented. The model was developed by sports Researchers located in Brazil and seeks to broaden the perspective of the migratory phenomenon in the social field of sports. The model is based on the understanding that the migration process in the sports sector is influenced and shaped by a set of four dimensions, namely, political, cultural, economic, and personal. It is believed that the proposal is legitimized by the needs identified from the literature, adding different perspectives to analyse the phenomenon, thus reducing any dichotomies and limitations of view. In addition to being a point of view that starts from the perspective of the global south.
Contribution/ Originality
The contributions provided by this manuscript refer to new ways of looking at and analysing the phenomenon of sports migration. The originality of the model presented is found in its search for a broader understanding of the phenomenon of migration, based on different dimensions of analysis.

Effects of Orienteering Game on Directional Relationships and Inhibitory Control in Children 7-8 Aged

Pages: 64-74
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Effects of Orienteering Game on Directional Relationships and Inhibitory Control in Children 7-8 Aged

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.64.74

Anis Ben Chikha , Aymen Hawani , Ghazwa Ben Maouia

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Anis Ben Chikha , Aymen Hawani , Ghazwa Ben Maouia (2021). Effects of Orienteering Game on Directional Relationships and Inhibitory Control in Children 7-8 Aged. Journal of Sports Research, 8(2): 64-74. DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.64.74
The spatial orientation, ability is very important for the child, for the development of its executive functions such as inhibitory control and directional skills. In fact, the role of play as a locomotive for learning and motivation is very imperative in this age group. Our methodological choice consists of offering a teaching program around the orientation game (OG) that takes place in the school playground. The aim of this study was to examine the effect of OG on directional skills and inhibitory control. The assessment was respectively conducted by Topological and Directional Relation (RTD) and Stroop Color-Word Test -Victoria version (SCWT). Primary school students (N = 40; 7.3 years) participated in this study. They were divided into two groups: an experimental group (20 students) and a control group (20 students). The first group followed a 12-week orienteering game (OG) program with 3 sessions of 40 minutes per week and the second a regular physical education program. The results of the experimental group show a clear improvement in most of the study variables.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper's primary contribution is highlights the importance of play in the spatial and cognitive development of children, it comes in particular to measure the effect of orientation play on executive functions such as inhibitory control and directional skills.

The Relationship among Body Composition, Exercise Participation, and Perception towards a Lifetime Fitness Class in College Students

Pages: 49-63
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The Relationship among Body Composition, Exercise Participation, and Perception towards a Lifetime Fitness Class in College Students

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.49.63

Haley A. Turner , Jose M. Moris , Heather Hudson , Yunsuk Koh

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Haley A. Turner , Jose M. Moris , Heather Hudson , Yunsuk Koh (2021). The Relationship among Body Composition, Exercise Participation, and Perception towards a Lifetime Fitness Class in College Students. Journal of Sports Research, 8(2): 49-63. DOI: 10.18488/journal.90.2021.82.49.63
The current study analyzed the relationship between body composition and exercise participation, along with perception toward lifetime fitness (LF) classes in college students. Thirty-eight college students (20 males and 18 females) in a regional university completed a survey pertaining an LF class and exercise participation. Additionally, height, weight, waist-to-hip ratio, and body composition [fat free mass (FFM), fat mass (FM), and body fat percentage (BF%)] were assessed. Most males (65%) and females (77%) reported personal wellbeing as their main motivation to exercise (p = 0.021) outside of their LF class, rather than it being driven by a personal achievement motivation (35% males and 23% females). Males who exercise less than twice a week were associated with having lower FFM (p = 0.041), whereas females who exercise less than twice a week were associated with lower body mass index (p = 0.004), FFM (p = 0.027), and FM (p = 0.001). Although personal wellbeing was the main motivation to exercise for both male and female students, each sex has shown unique trends in its desires to participate in an LF class. Therefore, future LF classes should consider adopting curriculums that are able to uphold personal wellbeing motivation and account for unique needs and goals males and females may have in order to promote LF class engagement.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the importance of remodeling the curriculum for college fitness classes based on personal wellbeing motivation and sex-specific goals to promote engagement for reasons other than it being required and to reap the necessary benefits of regular exercise.