A. Carol Darling, C. Catherine, and S. Natalie, "Women in midlife: Stress, health and life satisfaction," Stress and Health, vol. 28, pp. 31-40, 2012.
L. Danielle Giuseffi, C. Richard Bedrosian, M. Steven Schwartz, J. Kevin Wildenhaus, W. Chun, Y. Alvin, and W. Ben, "Women using a web-based digital health coaching programme for stress management: Stress sources, symptoms and soping strategies," Stress and Health, vol. 27, pp. e269 - e281, 2011.
J. Dagmar, J. Saga, R. Annika, L. Georg, and W. Lars, "Self-perceived psychological stress in relation to psychosocial factors and work in a random population sample of women," Stress and Health, vol. 19, pp. 149–162, 2003.
K. Park, Principles of epidemiology and epidemiologic methods. In textbook of preventive and social medicine, 23rd ed. Jabalpur: Banarsidas Bhanot Publishers, 2014.
P. J. Parameaswari, R. Ravanan, P. M. Udayshankar, and B. Kamini, "Stress among women in sub-urban area of South Chennai, India," SJAMS; Sch. J. App. Med. Sci., vol. 3, pp. 217-220, 2015.
P. S. S. S. Rao and J. Richard, Introduction to biostatistics and research methods, 5th ed. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd, 2012.
A. Rahim, Principles and practice of community medicine, 1st ed. New Delhi, India: Jaypee Brothers Medical Publishers (P) Ltd, 2008.
T. H. Holmes and R. H. Rahe, "The social readjustment rating scale," J. Psychosom Res., vol. 11, pp. 213–218, 1967.
S. B. Green, N. J. Salkind, and T. M. Akey, Using SPSS for windows and macintosh: Analysing and understanding data. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, 2008.
P. Roxy and J. L. Devore, Statistics: The exploration and analysis of data, 7th ed. San Luis Obispo: Brooks /Cole, 2011.
A. Mangal, V. Kumar, S. Panesar, R. Talwar, D. Raut, and S. Singh, Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification, 2014: A commentary. Indian J Public Health, vol. 59, pp. 42-44, 2015.
Abdominal Obesity, "Waist circumference and waist-hip ratio," Report of a WHO Expert Consultation. World Health Organization, 2012.
R. Detels, J. Mc Ewen, R. Baglehole, and H. Tanaka, Oxford textbook of public health, 4th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 2012.
R. H. Fletcher, S. W. Fletcher, and E. H. Wagner, Clinical epidemiology the essentials, 2nd ed. Baltimore: William and Wilkins, 2012.
D. Singh, "Female mate value at a glance: Relationship of waist-to-hip ratio to health, fecundity and attractiveness," Neuro Endocrinol. Lett., vol. 23, pp. 81–91, 2002.
X. Xiao, H. Bao, K. Strait, J. A. Spertus, J. H. Lichtman, G. D'Onofrio, E. Spatz, E. M. Bucholz, M. Geda, N. P. Lorenze, H. Bueno, J. F. Beltrame, and M. H. Krumholz, "Sex differences in perceived stress and early recovery in young and middle-aged patients with acute myocardial infarction," Circulation, vol. 131, pp. 614-623, 2015.
P. Shashank Behere, Y. Richa, and B. Prakash Behere, "A comparative study of stress among students of medicine, engineering, and nursing," Indian J. Psychol. Med., vol. 33, pp. 145–148, 2011.
W. El Ansari, R. Oskrochi, S. Labeeb, and C. Stock, "Symptoms and health complaints and their association with perceived stress at university: Survey of students at eleven faculties in Egypt," Cent. Eur. J. Public Health, vol. 22, pp. 68–79, 2014a.
W. El Ansari, R. Oskrochi, and G. Haghgoo, "Are students symptoms and health complaints associated with perceived stress at university? Perspectives from the United Kingdom and Egypt," Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health PMC Free Article Pub. Med., vol. 11, pp. 9981–10002, 2014b.
B. Vimala and C. Madhavi, "A study on stress and depression experienced by women IT professionals in Chennai, India," Psychol. Res. Behav. Manag. PMC Free Article Pub. Med., vol. 2, pp. 81–91, 2009.
Z. Rashidi and A. Jalbani, "Job stress among software professionals in Pakistan: A factor analytic study," J. Independent Stud. Res. MSSE, vol. 7, pp. 1–12, 2009.
L. Ranjit and L. Mahespriya, "Study on job stress and quality of life of women software employees," Int. J. Res. Soc. Sci., vol. 2, p. 276-291, 2012.
M. S. Darshan, T. S. Rajesh Raman, and R. Sathyanarayana, "Dushad Ram, and Bindu Annigeri a study on professional stress, depression and alcohol use among Indian IT professionals," Indian J. Psychiatry, vol. 55, pp. 63–69, 2013.
C. Smriti, "Stress: Definitions, dynamics, positive and negative effects of stress | employee management." Available http://www.yourarticlelibrary.com/employee-management/stress-definitions-dynamics-positive-and-negative-effects-of-stress-employee-management/29517/, 2015.
L. Johansson, X. Guo, M. Waern, S. Ostling, D. Gustafson, C. Bengtsson, and I. Skoog, "Midlife psychological stress and risk of dementia: A 35-year longitudinal population study," Brain, vol. 133, pp. 2217-2224, 2010.
P.J. Parameaswari , R. Ravanan , P.M. Udayshankar , B. Kamini , Syed Iqbal Sultan (2015). A Sample Survey on Reproductive Women to Assess Level of Stress in Sub-Urban Population, South Chennai, India. International Journal of Medical and Health Sciences Research, 2(12): 187-196. DOI: 10.18488/journal.9/2015.2.12/126.96.36.199
The Community based Sample Survey aimed at assessing the Prevalence of Stress experienced by the 1050 women of reproductive age(18-45) years. This study was conducted over a period of two years as Cross-Sectional in Sub-Urban South Chennai. The variables on demography and Stress were collected by Personal Interview method in a pre-structured standardized questionnaire after a pilot study. The main findings showed 856 (81.5%) women had experienced Stress, where 54 (5.1%) had Severe Stress. Women with Abdominal Obesity ≥0.85 [χ2= 11.9(P=0.001)] and from the Nuclear family [χ2= 16.9(P=0.000)] had a significant association with the Stress Outcome. There existed an insignificant difference in the mean Stress scores between the women age less than or above 30 years. The homemakers were equally experiencing stress with their counterpart women who were bound to work outside home. Family History of Couple misunderstanding, Ill Health of family member and Major Mortgage also showed significant difference in their mean stress levels by Student-t-test. The maximum mean difference in stress scores was identified by multiple comparison Post-Hoc Pairwise LSD test between the women who completed 10 and 15years of education (P=0.000). We conclude that the ‘Women with Stress and at Risk of developing further Illness’ should be identified at the earlier age for health assistance for a better life.