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Mucahit COSKUN , Erol SOZEN (2017). The Evaluation of the Agriculture of Hazelhazelnut in Duzce According to Climate Parameters. International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research, 4(1): 16-27. DOI: 10.18488/journal.70/2017.4.1/220.127.116.11
Agriculture is a highly important economic activity in the world. Among the agricultural products of Turkey, hazelhazelnut is an important product for Turkey’s economy. More than 60 percent of the world hazelhazelnut production is made in Turkey. In this study, hazelhazelnut production in Düzce is examined in terms of possible climate effect in future. Because, Düzce is one of the important provinces in hazelhazelnut production. In th study, as a method, descriptive survey model has been used. In this method, existing situation on a subject is interpreted by searching. For this purpose, interpretation has been made by taking datum as to research from Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock and Turkey Statistical Institute. These datum have been compared with weather data. In Düzce and in Turkey, hazelhazelnut production changing by years has been determined. It is seen that the largest factor to this is unexpected freeze and change of rainfall. It is reasoned that possible temperature increase in future and the effect of drought in Turkey and in Düzce that can effect agriculture of hazelhazelnut. Because, hazelhazelnut is selective and sensitive plant in terms of climate.
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interaction effects between genotype and environment (GXE) were
significant for all three traits.
Reduction of the Carbon Footprint in Agricultural Greenhouses
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Climate change in the planet is currently creating many environmental,
economic and social problems which are probably going to multiply in the
near future. Reduction of greenhouse gases emitted from fossil fuels
could result in the mitigation of greenhouse effect and the climate
change. Agricultural greenhouses consume large amounts of energy mainly
derived from fossil fuels, for the cultivation of various crops.
Reduction of their carbon footprint is of primary importance to day. In
order to investigate the possibilities of reducing their carbon
footprint, the energy consumption during their operation has been
estimated and the sustainable energy technologies which could be used
for substitution of fossil fuels used have been analyzed. It has been
found that a modern greenhouse located in Mediterranean region with a
covered area of 1,000 m2 and a total annual energy consumption of 200
KWh/m2 emits 76,900 kg CO2 per year. Total elimination of their CO2
emissions could be achieved with the investment of 44,000 € in renewable
energy technologies, including solid biomass for heating and solar-PV
for power generation and resulting in lower energy cost during their
operation. The payback time of the abovementioned investments has been
estimated at 4.84 years.
The study contributes in the existing literature regarding the
improvement of the sustainability in agricultural greenhouses. It
indicates the possibility of using various renewable energy sources
instead of fossil fuels for covering their energy requirements resulting
in zeroing their CO2 emissions due to energy use in them.