Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

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No. 1

Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus

Pages: 15-22
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Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.51.15.22

Mbassi Josiane E. G. , Mobou Estelle Y. , Ngome Francis A. , Sado Kamdem S. L.

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Mbassi Josiane E. G. , Mobou Estelle Y. , Ngome Francis A. , Sado Kamdem S. L. (2018). Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 5(1): 15-22. DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.51.15.22
Pleurotus species, commonly known as oyster mushrooms, are edible fungi cultivated worldwide. Pleurotus genus is one of most extensively studied white-rot fungi due to its exceptional ligninolytic properties. These mushrooms have the ability to colonize and degrade a wide variety of lingo-cellulosic wastes with relatively short cycle. The objective of this study was to review published research works on the effect of substrates on nutritional composition and functional property of Pleurotus ostreatus. A literature search was done on the internet and university libraries in this area. It was found that different substrates used in cultivating mushrooms do have effect on the functional, organoleptic and nutritional properties of mushrooms. This review presents a practical checklist of effect of substrates on quality of Pleurotus ostreatus that may help different users.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the effect of type of substrate on nutritional composition and functional property of Pleurotus ostreatus.

Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production

Pages: 6-14
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Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.51.6.14

Jose Carmen Ramirez , Ranferi Gutierrez , Jose Armando Ulloa , Petra Rosas , Gerardo Torres , Pedro Ulises Bautista

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Jose Carmen Ramirez , Ranferi Gutierrez , Jose Armando Ulloa , Petra Rosas , Gerardo Torres , Pedro Ulises Bautista (2018). Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 5(1): 6-14. DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.51.6.14
The aim of this study was to demonstrate the utilization of mango and fish wastes in biological silage production. Six treatments containing different levels of fish and mango wastes, sugar cane molasses and corn stover were inoculated with 4 % of Lactobacillus sp. B2 strain and incubated 15 days at 30 °C. The pH values of silages varied from 4.39 to 4.70 and the lactic acid content between 2.96 to 4.42 %. Silages showed the best acidifying at 7 day of fermentation; also they further increased the lactic acid bacteria counts and decreased the coliforms bacteria. Crude protein, ethereal extract and minerals values were higher in treatments with the upper level of fish wastes. The silage with the higher corn stover showed the upper crude fiber value and the lower in vitro dry matter digestibility. Contrary, the high inclusion level of fish wastes resulted in the highest dry matter digestibility. In conclusion, the combination of fish and mango wastes is a good alternative to produce biological fish silage as an ingredient for ruminants feed. The process of production is simple and environmental friendly.
Contribution/ Originality
The present study contributes to knowledge in the use of mango and fish wastes to produce silage. The findings show that silage can be evaluated in ruminants feeds for increase the added value and avoid the environmental impact of waste landfill sites.

Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia

Pages: 1-5
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Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.51.1.5

Citation: 1

Misgana Mitiku , Awoke Tadesse

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Misgana Mitiku , Awoke Tadesse (2018). Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia. Current Research in Agricultural Sciences, 5(1): 1-5. DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2018.51.1.5
Onion varieties were evaluated for adaptability to the climatic conditions in Benatsemay woreda. Three varieties of onion were planted under a complete randomized block design experiment with three replications at farmer’s field at Benatsemay woreda. Yield and yield component data like; plant height, number of leaves, bulb size and bulb yield of each varieties were collected. Bulb of all onion varieties were harvested at their maturity stage (90% tops down) and then weighted. SAS were used for data analysis. The result indicated that, the three varieties namely; Adama red, Nasick red and local contribute similarly to total yield, plant height, number of leaves and bulb size. The variety local was the best variety as it produced the highest bulb yield of 7.0033kg/plot numerically. Based on the result, we advise farmers to use local variety followed by Nasick red and Adama red therefore, government should promote these onion varieties for cultivation in Benatsemay woreda especially for Beneta kebele and its vicinity. Concerning body has to work together to ensure the availability of the seed of Local and Nasick red varieties. So that, onion producer can be interested for accepting these varieties for large scale production. The effects of different agricultural practices on yield of onion have to be considered for future investigation.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the potential of different onion varieties to increase the productivity and income of onion producer in the studied area and its vicinity.