Salami Dada Kareem , Atoyebi Kehinde Olusegun , Lawal Samad Arogundade (2017). The Link Between Agricultural Budgetary Allocation and Economic Growth in Nigeria. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(2): 38-43. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.42.38.43
This study investigates the nexus between Agricultural budgetary allocation and Economic Growth in Nigeria by employing simple regression analysis and a further test of cointegration and vector error correction model to determine short run dynamic behaviour of the variable. The result of the study revealed that there is positive relationship between Agricultural budgetary allocation and Economic Growth in the long run. It was also observed that since the Agricultural budgetary allocation and Economic Growth are positively related. This relationship is significant over the two years lagged value of budgetary allocation to Agriculture. And by implication, the government has to stand aloof by increasing expenditure on agriculture because agricultural sector plays a vital role towards the National Transformation in Nigeria.
The paper contributes to the existing literature on the relationship between budgetary allocation and economic growth. The paper shows its uniqueness by adopting Keynesian macroeconomic approach in specifying growth as a function of agricultural expenditure. The use of vector error correction in our model enables us to capture both short run and long run dynamic behavior of the variables in our model which is an innovation.
Effect of Budget Defict on Private Investment in East African Community for the Period 1981-2015: A Panel Data Analysis
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Naftaly Gisore Mose , Irene Jepchumba Keino (2017). Effect of Budget Defict on Private Investment in East African Community for the Period 1981-2015: A Panel Data Analysis. International Journal of Business, Economics and Management, 4(2): 26-37. DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.42.26.37
Over the period of thirty four years, between 1981 and 2015, the East African Community economies have witnessed inconsistent and downward trend on the level of private investments as percentage of GDP. Several studies have been done regarding the determinants of private investment at country level while others have focused on budget/fiscal deficit, regional integration and economic growth but the findings are inconsistent. However, from the empirical literature review, most of the studies ignore effect of budget deficit on private investment. It is against this background that this study was carried out to investigate the effect of budget deficit on private investment in EAC using panel data over the period 1981-2015. The study adopted the Modified Flexible Accelerator model. Using Levin et al. (2002) to test the unit root, the study found the variable to be non-stationary at level. Co-integration test error correction model were carried to analyze the long-term and short-term dynamic of the selected macroeconomic variables on budget deficit account. The study results showed that fiscal deficit had a negative effect on private investment in the region. Debt reduction and government expenditure scaling down strategies should also be adopted in the region so as to improve the fiscal deficit hence boosting private investment and faster real GDP growth in the long run.
This study contributes in the existing literature in the field of public finance. This study uses new panel estimation methodology. This study originates new formula of controlling budget deficit. This study is one of very few studies which have used panel data. The paper contributes the first logical analysis that increasing budget deficit discourages investment. The paper's primary contribution is finding that fiscal deficit negates investment. This study documents controlling budget deficit.