Adikins, L. and R.C. Hill, 2011. Principles of econometrics. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
African Development Bank, 2013. Group Malawi Country Strategy Paper 2013-2017. Lilongwe, Malawi. Retrieved from www.mwnation.com/afdb-approves-new-strategy-for-malawi .
Ali, I. and E.M. Pernia, 2003. Infrastructure and poverty reduction. What is the connection? ERD policy brief. Asian Development Bank. ERD Policy Brief No. 13, Manila, Philipines.
Amisano, G. and C. Giannini, 1997. Topics in structural VAR econometrics. 2nd Edn., Berlin: Springer.
Arellano, M. and O. Bover, 1995. Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of. Error-components models. Journal of Econometrics, 1(68): 29-51. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Datt, G. and M. Ravallion, 2002. Has India’s post-reform economic growth left the poor behind. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 16(3): 89-108. View at Google Scholar
Dufour, J.M. and E. Renault, 1998. Short run and long run causality in time series. Theory. Econometrica, 66(5): 1099–1125. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Fan, S., P. Hazell and S. Thorat, 2000. Government spending, growth, and poverty in rural India. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 82(4): 1038-1051.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Fan, S., N. Rao and X. Zhang, 2004. Public expenditure, growth, and poverty reduction in rural Uganda. International Food Policy Research Institute, DSGD Discussion Paper No. 4.
Gachassin, M., B. Najman and G. Raballand, 2010. Roads impact on poverty reduction: A Cameroon case study. World Bank Poicy Working Paper Series, No. 5209.
Ghura, D., C. Leite and C.G. Tsangarides, 2002. Is growth enough? Macroeconomic policy and poverty reduction IMF Working Paper No. 02/118.
Gramlich, E.M., 1994. Infrastructure investment: A review essay. Journal of Economic Literature, 32(3): 1176–1196. View at Google Scholar
Granger, C.W.J., 1969. Investigating causal relations by econometric models and cross-spectral methods. Econometrica, 37(3): 424–438. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Lütkepohl, H., 2005. New introduction to multiple time series analysis. Berlin: Springer.
Ministry of Economic Planning and Development (MEPD), 2007-2013. Annual Economic Reports. Government of Malawi, Lilongwe.
Munnell, A.H., 1992. Policy watch: Infrastructure investment and economic growth. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 6(4): 189-198. View at Google Scholar
Mustajab, M., 2009. Infrastructure investment in Indonesia: Process and impact. Unpublished PhD Thesis. Groningen, Netherlands.
National Roads Authority (NRA), 2011. Roads Authority Annual Report. Lilongwe, Malawi.
National Statistical Office, 2005. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 2004. Zomba, Malawi. Retrieved from http://www.dhsprogram.com/ .
NSO, 1991. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 1990. Zomba, Malawi.
NSO, 1999/2000. Malawi Demographic and Health Survey 1998. Zomba, Malawi.
NSO, 2012. Welfare Monitoring Survey 2011. Zomba, Malawi. Retrieved from www.nsomalawi/component/content/.../194-welfare-monitoring-survey2011 .
Ogun, T.P., 2010. Infrastructure and poverty reduction implications for urban development in Nigeria. Working Paper No. 2010/43.
Oraboune, S., 2008. Infrastructure (Rural Road) development and poverty alleviation I Lao PDR. National Economic Research Institute, Lao. Discussion paper No. 151, Institute of Development Economies, Chiba 261-8545, Japan: 2-75.
Perron, P., 1990. Testing for a unit root in a time series with a changing mean. Journal of Business & Economic Statistics, 8(2): 153–162. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Ramirez, M.D., 2004. Is public infrastructure spending productive in the mexican case? A vector error correction analysis. Journal of International Trade and Economic Development, 13(2): 159–178. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Ravallion, M. and G. Datt, 1996. How important to India’s poor Is the sectoral composition of economic growth? World Bank Economic Review, 10(1): 1-25.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Romp, W. and J. De-Haan, 2005. Public capital and economic growth: A critical survey. EIB Papers, 10(1): 40–93. View at Google Scholar
Saikkonen, P. and H. Lütkepohl, 2002. Testing for a unit root in a time series with a level shift at unknown time. Econometric Theory 18(2): 313–348.View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
Sarte, P.G., 1997. On the identification of structural vector autoregressions. Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond Economic Quarterly, 83/3.
Seeanah, Ramessur and Rojid, 2009. Does infrastructure alleviate poverty in developing countries? International Journal of Applied Econometrics and Quantitative Studies, 6(2): 31-36. View at Google Scholar
Seetanah, B., 2012. Transport investment and poverty reduction: The African experience using dynamic panel data estimates. International Journal of Innovations in Business, 1(1): 60. View at Google Scholar
Sims, C.A., 1980a. Macroeconomics and reality. Econometrica, 48(1): 1-48. View at Google Scholar
Sims, C.A., 1980b. Comparison of interwar and postwar business cycles: Monetarism reconsidered. American Economic Review, 70(2): 250-257. View at Google Scholar
Sturm, J.E., G.H. Kuper and J. De-Haan, 1998. Modelling government investment and economic growth on a macro level: A review. In S. Brakman, H. van Ees & S. K. Kuipers (Eds.), Market Behaviour and Macroeconomic Modelling. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.
Toda, H.Y. and P.C.B. Phillips, 1993. Vector autoregression and causality. Econometrica, 61(6): 1367–1393. View at Google Scholar
Toda, H.Y. and P.C.B. Phillips, 1994. Vector autoregression and causality: A theoretical overview and simulation study. Econometric Review, 13(2): 259–285. View at Google Scholar | View at Publisher
UN Habitat, 2011. Infrastructure for economic development and poverty reduction in Africa. Nairobi: United Nations Human Settlements Programme.
Wooldridge, J.M., 2002. Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data. Cambridge: The MIT Press.
World Bank, 2006. Malawi country assistance evaluation. Report No. 36862. Independent Evaluation Group. Washington, D. C.
World Bank, 2006. Malawi country assistance evaluation. Report No. 36862. Washington, D. C.
World Bank, 2010. Africa Infrastructure Country Diagnostic (AICD); Malawi’s Infrastructure: A Continental Perspective. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/.../malawi-infrustructure-a-continental-perspective.
World Bank, 2013. Implementation completion and result report. Report No. ICR2467, Infrastructure Services Project, Urban Development and Services Practice, Country Department, Africa Region.