International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research

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Online ISSN: 2306-6253
Print ISSN: 2312-5764
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No. 2

Presenting an Energy-Efficient Model for the Envelope of High-Rise Office Buildings Case Study: Cold and Dry Climate

Pages: 85-100
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DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.85.100

Behnoosh Khosravani Majd , Seyyed Mehdi Maddahi , Farzaneh Soflaei

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Behnoosh Khosravani Majd , Seyyed Mehdi Maddahi , Farzaneh Soflaei (2021). Presenting an Energy-Efficient Model for the Envelope of High-Rise Office Buildings Case Study: Cold and Dry Climate. International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research, 10(2): 85-100. DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.85.100
The expansion of high-rise buildings and vertical cities has made room for a significant potential for large areas in the envelope (façade) of buildings to produce the required energy. This opens the opportunity to conduct research about the city of Mashhad-Iran. This study aims to provide an optimal model of the envelope of an office building and maximum utilization of sunlight in providing energy and indoor lighting in cold and dry climates. DesignBuilder software, version 6.1.0.006, to simulate the building and Energy plus 8.9 simulator engine was used to compare the amount of energy consumed, and electricity generated. We evaluated the data by the analytical-comparative method. The results showed that ,in one year, the energy produced by model number one (#1) (27.6%) and model number two (#2) (18.7%), among other simulated models with 15% efficiency (base efficiency rate) regarding all solar factors used in them, the amount of the electricity generated manifests a significant difference from the total electricity consumption of the building studied, assuming that the percentage of electricity supply with the actual efficiency of the proposed solar factors, are 17.99% and 17.88%, in model (#1) and model (#2). Once compared the given results of the models used for the photovoltaic panels, photovoltaic solar glasses, and the occupied area by them, a direct impact on the efficiency and energy generation of the building model envelope was seen. So, this study paves the road for further use of new technologies of building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) for locations that have similar climate.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents that a rarely designed optimal model can be applied for the envelope of office high-rise buildings through integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems to optimize indoor daylighting and energy efficiency in Iran’s cold and dry climate in order to enhance occupants’ health, well-being and productivity towards a sustainable future.

Seasonal Wildfire Outbreak Trend and its Consequences on Forest Biodiversity and the Environment: A Case Study of Sierra Leone

Pages: 69-84
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Seasonal Wildfire Outbreak Trend and its Consequences on Forest Biodiversity and the Environment: A Case Study of Sierra Leone

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.69.84

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(2021). Seasonal Wildfire Outbreak Trend and its Consequences on Forest Biodiversity and the Environment: A Case Study of Sierra Leone. International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research, 10(2): 69-84. DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.69.84
Sierra Leone is classified as a high wildfire risk country with a weather that support 50% chance of igniting wildfire especially from January to March each year. Wildfire outbreak in Sierra Leone has been having ecological, economic and health impacts on people and the environment over the years. This case study explores Sierra Leone’s wildfire outbreak trend, distribution, status, causes and consequences on biodiversity & the environment and proposed the way forward in tackling wildfire ignition, prevention and control methods in the near future. The daily active fire data from November 2000 to December 2019 were acquired from NASA MCD14DL product. Centroid vectors of fire events in 1 km by 1 km pixel were counted to give the total number of fire events in different administrative regions. Data was imported into the R Studio, version 4.0.3 from 2000-2019 for visualization and other graphical representation. The results show that the north-west and south-west experiences more wildfire incidence than other regions in Sierra Leone hence affecting the natural ecosystem. January to March was detected as the most wildfire prone months especially in the northern part of Sierra Leone. The results suggest that topography; climatic pattern and vegetation type has been considered a strong factor in influencing wildfire ignition over the years. The study concludes that the outdated 1924 fire prevention and control Act and climate change uncertainties are partially responsible for the frequent wildfire outbreak across Sierra Leone.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies that investigated wildfire trend, outbreak and causes in Sierra Leone. The study uses data from NASA MCD14DL product from 2000 to 2019. Results show that the north-west and south-west experiences more wildfire incidence with January and March classified wildfire prone months.

Waste Management By Waste to Energy Initiatives in India

Pages: 58-68
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Waste Management By Waste to Energy Initiatives in India

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.58.68

M. Kumar , S. Kumar , S.K. Singh

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M. Kumar , S. Kumar , S.K. Singh (2021). Waste Management By Waste to Energy Initiatives in India. International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research, 10(2): 58-68. DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.58.68
This century is known for exponentially growing population and development but with huge waste production. The waste produced requires land, labour and capital to for treatment and disposal of such huge amount of waste. In India, people throw or consider it as waste after single use so Indian waste can be good resource for recovery of various products. The waste produced is difficult to manage using conventional methods and is ever increasing, blocking essential land that has become an expensive commodity in today's world. This work explores the current practices of the various waste management initiatives and a critical assessment of traditional waste to energy procedure adopted in India. It gives an overview of the various waste management systems in India. Suggestions for improving the health of society, waste management processes, process performance, environmental assessment parameters to plasma gasification,-an alternate waste to energy has been also discussed. Recommendation has been made for the micro-waste plant to solve the waste challenges.
Contribution/ Originality
The main contribution of the paper is to assess waste management in India and certain waste emerging innovations –Waste to Energy, which are technically applicable and relevant. It also addresses how the use of advanced waste technologies like plasma can be a way of achieving a circular economy as well as less environmental impact.

Sustainable Energy in Nigeria: An Integrated Women-Friendly Energy Supply Approach

Pages: 47-57
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Sustainable Energy in Nigeria: An Integrated Women-Friendly Energy Supply Approach

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DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.47.57

Eze, C.N. , Aduba, C.C. , Arazu, V.A. , Ughamba, K.T.

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Eze, C.N. , Aduba, C.C. , Arazu, V.A. , Ughamba, K.T. (2021). Sustainable Energy in Nigeria: An Integrated Women-Friendly Energy Supply Approach. International Journal of Sustainable Energy and Environmental Research, 10(2): 47-57. DOI: 10.18488/journal.13.2021.102.47.57
Sustainable energy is at the center of pursuit of sustainable development goals (SDGs). Gender inequality, fueled by religious and cultural beliefs, has hampered the achievement of sustainable energy supply in Nigeria. Women, who are major consumers of energy, are largely excluded from energy production due to a relative deficiency in technical training. The paper focuses on integrating women in sustainable energy supply in Nigeria through the adoption of women-friendly energy production methods such as biogas production. The importance of installing household biogas plants in rural communities, providing relevant technical training for women, as well as cheap labor for servicing the biogas plants, and establishing accessible markets for sale of excess biogas were discussed. The economic potentials of well-packaged biogas feedstock, and bio-slurry (a by-product of biogas production) were highlighted to portray the win-win characteristics of biogas production.
Contribution/ Originality
This review exposes the energy crisis in Nigeria as an effect of non-integration of women in energy production/supply systems, and proposed a woman-friendly energy resource that is capable of supporting a sustainable environmentally friendly energy supply in Nigeria.