L. G. Nachtigall, R. M. Araujo, and G. R. Nachtigall, "Classification of apple tree disorders using convolutional neural networks," presented at the 2016 IEEE 28th International Conference on Tools with Artificial Intelligence (ICTAI), 2016.
 H. Al Hiary, A. S. Bani, M. Reyalat, M. Braik, and Z. ALRahamneh, "Fast and accurate detection and classification of plant diseases," International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 17, pp. 31–38, 2011. Available at: https://doi.org/10.5120/2183-2754.
 W. Tan, C. Zhao, and H. Wu, "Intelligent alerting for fruit-melon lesion image based on momentum deep learning," Multimedia Tools and Applications, vol. 75, pp. 16741–16761, 2015. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-015-2940-7.
 T. He, Y. Liu, Y. Yu, Q. Zhao, and Z. Hu, "Application of deep convolutional neural network on feature extraction and detection of wood defects," Measurement, vol. 152, p. 107357, 2020. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.measurement.2019.107357.
 A. Albert, J. Kaur, and M. C. Gonzalez, "Using convolutional networks and satellite imagery to identify patterns in urban environments at a large scale," in Proceedings of the 23rd ACM SIGKDD International Conference on Knowledge Discovery and Data Mining, 2017, pp. 1–10.
 M. A. F. Azlah, L. S. Chua, F. R. Rahmad, F. I. Abdullah, and S. R. Wan Alwi, "Review on techniques for plant leaf classification and recognition," Computers, vol. 8, p. 77, 2019. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/computers8040077.
 A. Khosla, J. Nityananda, Y. Bangpeng, and L. Fei-Fei, "Novel dataset for fine-grained image categorization," presented at the First Workshop on Fine-Grained Visual Categorization (FGVC), IEEE Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR), 2011, 2011.
 L. Fei-Fei, R. Fergus, and P. Perona, "Learning generative visual models from few training examples: An incremental bayesian approach tested on 101 object categories," presented at the 2004 Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition Workshop, 2005.
 P. Nahar, S. Tanwani, and N. S. Chaudhari, "Fingerprint classification using deep neural network model Resnet50," International Journal of Research and Analytical Reviews, vol. 5, pp. 1521–1535, 2018.
 J. Vogt, R. J. Hauer, and B. C. Fischer, "The costs of maintaining and not maintaining the urban forest: A review of the urban forestry and arboriculture literature," Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, vol. 41, pp. 293-323, 2015.
 R. W. Klein, A. K. Koeser, R. J. Hauer, G. Hansen, and F. J. Escobedo, "Risk assessment and risk perception of trees: A review of literature relating to arboriculture and urban forestry," Arboriculture & Urban Forestry, vol. 45, pp. 23-33, 2019. Available at: https://doi.org/10.48044/jauf.2019.003.
 M. A. van Haaften, M. P. M. Meuwissen, C. Gardebroek, and J. Kopinga, "Trends in financial damage related to urban tree failure in the Netherlands," Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, vol. 15, pp. 15–21, 2016. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ufug.2015.11.002.
 Z. C. Hlaing, K. Chiho, and S. Osamu, "Home-Based food provision and Social Capital in Japan," Chapter in Book: Sharing Ecosystem Services, pp. 21-33, 2020. Available at: 10.1007/978-981-13-8067-9_2.
 L. Tole, "Reforms from the ground: A review of community-based forest management in tropical developing countries," Journal of Environment Management, vol. 45, pp. 1312-1331, 2010. Available at: 10.1007/s00267-010-9489-z
 J. M. C. Serica and M. B. Marlito, "Effectiveness of community based forest management program as a strategy on forest restoration in Cienda and San-Vicente, Baybay City, Leyte, Philippines," Asian Journal of Agricultural Extension, Economics and Sociology, vol. 15, pp. 1-20, 2015. Available at: 10.9734/AJAEES/2017/16095.
 E. Ostrom and H. Nagendra, "Insights on linking forests, trees, and people from the air, on the ground, and in the laboratory," Proceedings of the national Academy of sciences, vol. 103, pp. 19224-19231, 2006. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.0607962103.
 J. R. Matta and J. R. Alavalapati, "Perceptions of collective action and its success in community based natural resource management: An empirical analysis," Forest Policy and Economics, vol. 9, pp. 274-284, 2006.
 S. P. Dalle, S. de Blois, J. Caballero, and T. Johns, "Integrating analyses of local land-use regulations, cultural perceptions and land-use/land cover data for assessing the success of community-based conservation," Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 222, pp. 370-383, 2006. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2005.10.052.
 E. V. Edmonds, "Government-initiated community resource management and local resource extraction from Nepal's forests," Journal of Development Economics, vol. 68, pp. 89-115, 2002. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/s0304-3878(02)00007-x.
 E. A. Ellis and L. Porter-Bolland, "Is community-based forest management more effective than protected areas?: A comparison of land use/land cover change in two neighboring study areas of the Central Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico," Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 256, pp. 1971-1983, 2008.
 J. F. Lund and T. Treue, "Are we getting there? Evidence of decentralized forest management from the Tanzanian Miombo woodlands," World Development, vol. 36, pp. 2780-2800, 2008. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2008.01.014.
 V. E. Chukwu and S. O. Bada, "Assessment of community participation in forestry in Onigambari forest reserve," International Journal of Research and Innovation in Social Science, vol. 3, pp. 423-430, 2019.
 M. Manuku, "Traditional gender roles of men and women in natural resources conservation among the Vhavenda people in Zimbabwe: Implications for sustainable development," International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, vol. 5, pp. 76-84, 2015.
 T. I. Borokini, F. D. Babalola, T. O. Amusa, and J. O. Ihuma, "Community-based forest resources management in Nigeria: Case study of Ngel Nyaki forest reserve, Mambilla Plateau, Taraba State, Nigeria," Journal of Tropical Forestry and Environment, vol. 2, pp. 69-76, 2012.
 T. L. Bisong, K. I. Ogbonna, and I. U. Kyari, "Effect of community participation in forest conservation in Ikom Agricultural Zone of Cross River State," Global Journal of Agricultural Sciences, vol. 16, pp. 31-35, 2017. Available at: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/gjass.v16i1.4 .
 S. A. Shomkegh, P. O. Adaje, and B. I. Dagba, "Assessment of community participation in Forest resources management in Afi and Mbe mountains, Cross River State, Nigeria," Toxicology and Food Technology, vol. 11, pp. 41-47, 2017. Available at: 10.9790/2402-1112024147.
 R. Takahashi and Y. Todo, "Impact of community based forest management on forest protection: Evidence from an Aid funded project in Ethiopia," Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 50, pp. 396-404, 2012. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-012-9887-5.
 A. Onojeghuo, J. Fonweban, K. Godstime, and A. Onojeghuo, "Community participation in forest management across protected areas in south eastern Nigeria," Ife Journal of Science, vol. 18, pp. 213-228, 2016.
 R. E. Dickinson, "Effects of tropical deforestation on climate. In blowing in the wind, deforestation and language implications," Studies in Third World Societies, Publ. No. 14. Dept of Anthropology, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg Virginia1981.
 N. Myers, "Tropical deforestation: Rates and patterns. In: The Causes of Tropical of Tropical Deforestation. The economic and statistical analysis of factors giving rise to the loss of the tropical forest, eds. Brown, K. and Pearce, D," ed: UCL Press, 1994, pp. 27-40.
 D. Amor and A. Pfaff, "Early history of the impact of road investments on deforestation in the Mayan forest," Working Paper, Nicholas School of the Environment and Sanford School of Public Policy, Duke University, Durham, NC, USA2008.
 Anonymous, "Climate change 2001: Synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II, III to the 3rd assessment report of the IPCC," IPCC, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. Anonymous. 2002. Forest2001c.
 A. Angelsen, E. F. K. Shitindi, and J. Aarrestad, "Why do farmers expand their land into forests? Theories and evidence from Tanzania," Environment and Development Economics, vol. 4, pp. 313-331, 1999. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s1355770x99000212.
Ana Paula de Araujo Alves , Aureliana Santos Gomes , Debora Coelho Moura , Lazaro Avelino de Sousa , Mario Herculanode Oliveira , Ailson de Lima Marques , Erimagna de Morais Rodrigues , Cassio Ricardo Goncalves da Costa
 M. Cetin, F. Adiguzel, S. Gungor, E. Kaya, and M. C. Sancar, "Evaluation of thermal climatic region areas in terms of building density in urban management and planning for Burdur, Turkey," Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, vol. 12, pp. 1103-1112, 2019. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-019-00727-3.
 M. Cetin, "The effect of urban planning on urban formations determining bioclimatic comfort area’s effect using satellitia imagines on air quality: A case study of Bursa city," Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health, vol. 12, pp. 1237-1249, 2019. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11869-019-00742-4.
 T. Yangin and N. Bilir, "Interaction of cone production and growth characters in Brutian pine (Pinus brutia Ten.) populations," Research and Reviews in Biotechnology and Science, vol. 9, pp. 6-10, 2014.
 M. Gunes and N. Umurusman, "A decision support tool fuzzy target programming tax optimization applications in local governments," Review of Social Economic & Business Studies, vol. 2, pp. 242- 255, 2003.
 A. F. Howard, "A critical look at multiple criteria decision making techniques with reference to forestry applications," Canadian Journal of Forest Research, vol. 21, pp. 1649-1659, 1991. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1139/x91-228.
 S. A. Hajkowicz and T. Prato, "Multiple objective decision analysis of farming systems in goodwater Creek Watershed, Missouri," Research Report No. 24, Centre for Agriculture, Resources and Environmental Systems, Columbia, Missouri1998.
 J. Ananda and G. Herath, "A critical review of multi-criteria decision making methods with special reference to forest management and planning," Ecological Economics, vol. 68, pp. 2535-2548, 2009. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.05.010.
 P. Chatterjee and S. Chakraborty, "Material selection using preferential ranking methods," Materials & Design, vol. 35, pp. 384-393, 2012. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2011.09.027.
 M. Karaatli, N. Omurbek, I. Budak, and O. Dag, "Ranking of liveable cities with multi criteria decision making methods," Selçuk University Journal of Institute of Social Sciences, vol. 33, pp. 215-228, 2015.
 H. Zhang, C.-l. Gu, L.-w. Gu, and Y. Zhang, "The evaluation of tourism destination competitiveness by TOPSIS & information entropy–a case in the Yangtze River Delta of China," Tourism Management, vol. 32, pp. 443-451, 2011. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2010.02.007.
 A. Shemshadi, H. Shirazi, M. Toreihi, and M. J. Tarokh, "A fuzzy VIKOR method for supplier selection based on entropy measure for objective weighting," Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 38, pp. 12160-12167, 2011. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2011.03.027.
 S. Cakir and S. Percin, "Measurement of R&D performance by integrated entropy weight-TOPSIS method in EU countries," Uludağ University, Journal of Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 32, pp. 77-95, 2013.
 T. C. Wang and J. C. Hsu, "Evaluation of the business operation performance of the listing companies by applying TOPSIS method," 2004 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man and Cybernetics, vol. 2, pp. 1286-1291, 2004.
 J. Wu, J. Sun, L. Liang, and Y. Zha, "Determination of weights for ultimate cross efficiency using Shannon entropy," Expert Systems with Applications, vol. 38, pp. 5162-5165, 2011. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eswa.2010.10.046.
 X. Li, K. Wang, L. Liu, J. Xin, H. Yang, and C. Gao, "Application of the entropy weight and TOPSIS method in safety evaluation of coal mines," Procedia Engineering, vol. 26, pp. 2085-2091, 2011. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2011.11.2410.
 M. Islamoglu, M. Apan, and A. Oztel, "An evaluation of the financial performance of REITs in Borsa Istanbul: A case study using the entropy-based TOPSIS method," International Journal of Financial Research, vol. 6, pp. 124-138, 2015. Available at: https://doi.org/10.5430/ijfr.v6n2p124.
 K. Karakuş, D. Aydemir, A. Öztel, G. Gunduz, and F. Mengeloglu, "Nanoboron nitride-filled heat-treated wood polymer nanocomposites: Comparison of different multicriteria decision-making models to predict optimum properties of the nanocomposites," Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 51, pp. 4205-4218, 2017. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998317699984.
 H. Gumus, D. Aydemir, E. Altuntas, R. Kurt, and E. Imren, "Cellulose nanofibrils and nano-scaled titanium dioxide-reinforced biopolymer nanocomposites: Selecting the best nanocomposites with multicriteria decision-making methods," Journal of Composite Materials, vol. 54, pp. 923-935, 2020. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1177/0021998319870842.
 M. Madić, V. Gecevska, M. Radovanović, and D. Petković, "Multi-criteria economic analysis of machining processes using the WASPAS method," Journal of Production Engineering, vol. 17, pp. 1-6, 2014.
 E. K. Zavadskas, Z. Turskis, J. Antucheviciene, and A. Zakarevicius, "Optimization of weighted aggregated sum product assessment," Electronics and Electrical Engineering, vol. 122, pp. 3-6, 2012. Available at: https://doi.org/10.5755/j01.eee.122.6.1810.
 E. K. Zavadskas, J. Antucheviciene, J. Šaparauskas, and Z. Turskis, "Multi-criteria assessment of facades’ alternatives: Peculiarities of ranking methodology," Procedia Engineering, vol. 57, pp. 107-112, 2013. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2013.04.016.
 J. Saparauskas, E. K. Zavadskas, and Z. Turskis, "Evaluation of alternative building designes according to the three criteria of optimality," Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Modern Building, Structures and Techniques, May 19-21, Vilnius, Lithuania, 2010.
 G. Stojić, Z. Stević, J. Antuchevičienė, D. Pamučar, and M. Vasiljević, "A novel rough WASPAS Approach for supplier selection in a company manufacturing PVC carpentry products," Information, vol. 9, pp. 1-16, 2018. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/info9050121.
 E. Triantaphyllou and S. H. Mann, "An examination of the effectiveness of multi-dimensional decision-making methods: A decision-making paradox," Decision Support Systems, vol. 5, pp. 303-312, 1989. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0167-9236(89)90037-7.
 K. Pazek, C. Rozman, V. Pavlovic, A. Cerenak, and M. Pavlovic, "The multi-criteria decision model aid for assessment of the hop cultivars (Humulus lupulus L.), Genetics, plant breeding and seed production," presented at the 44th Croatian & 4th International Symposium on Agriculture, 2009.
 N. Bilir and A. Sofu, "Estimation of productions for reproductive characters in seed orchards of Pinus sylvestris by fuzzy logic model approaches," presented at the Seed Orchard Conference. Jeju, Korea, 2009.
 M. Pavlovic, A. Cerenak, V. Pavlovic, C. Rozman, K. Pazek, and M. Bohanec, "Development of DEX-HOP multi-attribute decision model for preliminary hop hybrids assessment," Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, vol. 75, pp. 181-189, 2011. Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compag.2010.11.002.
 A. E. Idris, K. A. Mohamed, and H. I. Mohammed, "Using regression indices and multiple criteria analysis for study of some rice genotypes under interaction of variable environmental conditions," American Journal of Experimental Agriculture, vol. 2, pp. 407-425, 2012. Available at: https://doi.org/10.9734/ajea/2012/1193.
 K. A. Mohamed, A. E. Idris, H. I. Mohammed, and K. A. O. Adam, "Ranking rice (Oryza sativa L.) Genotypes using multi-criteria decision making, correlation and path coefficient analysis," British Biotechnology Journal, vol. 2, pp. 211-228, 2012. Available at: https://doi.org/10.9734/bbj/2012/1821.
 H. Küçükönder, S. Boyaci, and A. Akyüz, "A modeling study with an artificial neural network: Developing estimationmodels for the tomato plant leaf area," Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry, vol. 40, pp. 203-212, 2016. Available at: https://doi.org/10.3906/tar-1408-28.
 E. Gemici, C. Yücedağ, H. B. Ozel, and E. Imren, "Predicting cone production in clonal seed orchard of Anatolian black pine with artificial neural network," Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, vol. 17, pp. 2267-2273, 2019. Available at: https://doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1702_22672273.
 G. Strandberg and E. Kjellström, "Climate impacts from afforestation and deforestation in Europe," Earth Interactions, vol. 23, pp. 1-27, 2019.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1175/ei-d-17-0033.1.
 B. A. Loiselle, C. H. Graham, J. M. Goerck, and M. C. Ribeiro, "Assessing the impact of deforestation and climate change on the range size and environmental niche of bird species in the Atlantic forests, Brazil," Journal of Biogeography, vol. 37, pp. 1288-1301, 2010.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2699.2010.02285.x.
 J. Busch and K. Ferretti-Gallon, "What drives deforestation and what stops it? A meta-analysis," Review of Environmental Economics and Policy, vol. 11, pp. 3-23, 2017.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1093/reep/rew013.
 J. G. Masek, W. B. Cohen, D. Leckie, M. A. Wulder, R. Vargas, B. de Jong, and R. Houghton, "Recent rates of forest harvest and conversion in North America," Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol. 116, pp. 1-22, 2011.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1029/2010jg001471.
 B. B. Hanberry and M. D. Abrams, "Recognizing loss of open forest ecosystems by tree densification and land use intensification in the Midwestern USA," Regional Environmental Change, vol. 18, pp. 1731-1740, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10113-018-1299-5.
 P. G. Curtis, C. M. Slay, N. L. Harris, A. Tyukavina, and M. C. Hansen, "Classifying drivers of global forest loss," Science, vol. 361, pp. 1108-1111, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aau3445.
 L. Nahayo., L. Li, A. Kayiranga, F. Karamage, C. Mupenzi, F. Ndayisaba, and E. M. Nyesheja, "Agricultural impact on environment and counter measures in Rwanda," African Journal of Agricultural Research, vol. 11, pp. 2205-2212, 2016.Available at: https://doi.org/10.5897/ajar2016.10899.
 V. Vijay, S. L. Pimm, C. N. Jenkins, and S. J. Smith, "The impacts of oil palm on recent deforestation and biodiversity loss," PloS One, vol. 11, p. e0159668, 2016.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0159668.
 X. Giam, "Global biodiversity loss from tropical deforestation," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 114, pp. 5775-5777, 2017.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1706264114.
 S. Jha and K. S. Bawa, "Population growth, human development, and deforestation in biodiversity hotspots," Conservation Biology, vol. 20, pp. 906-912, 2006.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00398.x.
 R. Pandey, S. K. Jha, J. M. Alatalo, K. M. Archie, and A. K. Gupta, "Sustainable livelihood framework-based indicators for assessing climate change vulnerability and adaptation for Himalayan communities," Ecological Indicators, vol. 79, pp. 338-346, 2017.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.03.047.
 N. Hosonuma, M. Herold, V. De Sy, R. S. De Fries, M. Brockhaus, L. Verchot, and E. Romijn, "An assessment of deforestation and forest degradation drivers in developing countries," Environmental Research Letters, vol. 7, p. 044009, 2012.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/7/4/044009.
 M. C. Hansen, P. V. Potapov, R. Moore, M. Hancher, S. A. Turubanova, A. Tyukavina, and T. R. Loveland, "High-resolution global maps of 21st-century forest cover change," Science, vol. 342, pp. 850-853, 2013.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1126/science.1244693.
 S. Binsangou, S. A. Ifo, L. Ibocko, L. Louvouandou, M. Tchindjang, and F. Koubouana, "Urban growth and deforestation by remote sensing in the humid tropical forest of Congo Bassin: Case of Impfondo in Republic of Congo," American Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development, vol. 3, pp. 46-54, 2018.
 A. M. Yanai, P. M. Fearnside, P. M. L. De Alencastro Graça, and E. M. Nogueira, "Avoided deforestation in Brazilian Amazonia: Simulating the effect of the Juma sustainable development reserve," Forest Ecology and Management, vol. 282, pp. 78-91, 2012.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foreco.2012.06.029.
 A. Nahayo, I. E. Ekise, and L. Akazanwenimana, "Assessing the adoption level of agroforestry species in Nyabihu District Rwanda," International Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, vol. 2, pp. 139-149, 2013.
 J. Ndayambaje and G. Mohren, "Fuelwood demand and supply in Rwanda and the role of agroforestry," Agroforestry Systems, vol. 83, pp. 303-320, 2011.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10457-011-9391-6.
 T. K. Rudel, "The national determinants of deforestation in Sub-Saharan Africa," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol. 368, p. 20120405, 2013.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2012.0405.
 J. D. Ndayambaje., W. J. Heijman, and G. Mohren, "Household determinants of tree planting on farms in rural Rwanda," Small-Scale Forestry, vol. 11, pp. 477-508, 2012.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-012-9196-0.
 V. Balasubramanian and A. Egli, "The role of agroforestry in the farming systems in Rwanda with special reference to the Bugesera-Gisaka-Migongo (BGM) region," Agroforestry Systems, vol. 4, pp. 271-289, 1986.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00048104.
 J. D. Niyonsenga, M. Mugabowindekwe, and C. Mupenzi, "Spatial analysis of soil erosion sensitivity using the revised universal soil loss equation model in Nyamasheke District, Western Province of Rwanda," Transactions in GIS, vol. 24, pp. 1-17, 2020.
 J. Aboniyo, D. Umulisa, A. Bizimana, J. Kwisanga, and K. Mourad, "National water resources management authority for a sustainable water use in Rwanda," Sustainable Resources Management Journal, vol. 2, pp. 01-15, 2017.
 C. Nagel, J. Beach, C. Iribagiza, and E. A. Thomas, "Evaluating cellular instrumentation on rural handpumps to improve service delivery-A longitudinal study in rural Rwanda," Environmental Science & Technology, vol. 49, pp. 14292-14300, 2015.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b04077.
 N. K. Taremwa, M.-C. Gasingirwa, and D. Nsabimana, "Unleashing traditional ecological knowledge for biodiversity conservation and resilience to climate change in Rwanda," African Journal of Science, Technology, Innovation and Development, vol. 12, pp. 1-12, 2020.
 F. Rurangwa, M. J. Kinyanjui, F. Bazimaziki, J. Peeters, A. Munyehirwe, F. Musoke, and J. Uwase, "Developing a forest management plan (DFMP) for Gatsibo District in the Eastern Province of Rwanda," Open Journal of Forestry, vol. 8, pp. 247-265, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.4236/ojf.2018.82017.
 C. Bodart, A. B. Brink, F. Donnay, A. Lupi, P. Mayaux, and F. Achard, "Continental estimates of forest cover and forest cover changes in the dry ecosystems of Africa between 1990 and 2000," Journal of Biogeography, vol. 40, pp. 1036-1047, 2013.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/jbi.12084.
 B. Desclee, D. Simonetti, P. Mayaux, and F. Achard, "Multi-sensor monitoring system for forest cover change assessment in Central Africa," IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing, vol. 6, pp. 110-120, 2013.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1109/jstars.2013.2240263.
 E. M. Ordway, "Political shifts and changing forests: Effects of armed conflict on forest conservation in Rwanda," Global Ecology and Conservation, vol. 3, pp. 448-460, 2015.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gecco.2015.01.013.
 J. E. Wasige, T. A. Groen, B. M. Rwamukwaya, W. Tumwesigye, E. M. A. Smaling, and V. Jetten, "Contemporary land use/land cover types determine soil organic carbon stocks in South-West Rwanda," Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 100, pp. 19-33, 2014.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-014-9623-z.
 N. T. L. Huong, S. Yao, and S. Fahad, "Assessing household livelihood vulnerability to climate change: The case of Northwest Vietnam," Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, vol. 25, pp. 1-19, 2018.
 K. Molnarova, S. Wolf, and M. Tenna, "Highland malaria at the Kiziba UNHCR refugee camps (1950 mas)," Clinical Social Work, vol. 7, pp. 19-24, 2016.Available at: https://doi.org/10.22359/cswhi_7_3_05.
 A. Arneth, H. Barbosa, T. Benton, K. Calvin, E. Calvo, S. Connors, and R. van Diemen, "IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems," Technical Report, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change2019.
 E. L. Davin and N. de Noblet-Ducoudré, "Climatic impact of global-scale deforestation: Radiative versus nonradiative processes," Journal of Climate, vol. 23, pp. 97-112, 2010.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1175/2009jcli3102.1.