Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Journal of Diseases

June 2019, Volume 6, 2, pp 23-33

Self-Esteem, Optimism and Burden of Care among Relatives of Cardiovascular Disease Patients in Selected Tertiary Hospitals in Southwest, Nigeria

Stephen Ishola Babatunde


Taofik Olatunji Bankole


Rasheed Adebayo Yinusa

Stephen Ishola Babatunde 1
Taofik Olatunji Bankole 2

Rasheed Adebayo Yinusa 3

  1. Department of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria. 2

  3. Department of Demography and Social Statistics, Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University, Birnin Kebbi, Nigeria. 3

Pages: 23-33

DOI: 10.18488/journal.99.2019.62.23.33

Share :

Article History:

Received: 12 March, 2019
Revised: 15 April, 2019
Accepted: 21 May, 2019
Published: 18 July, 2019


Providing informal care, particularly for a person needing assistance for daily activities as a result of chronic illness such as cardiovascular disease (CVD), is a demanding task which requires time, dedication and preservation. In spite of burdens that caregivers of CDV patients are faced with, there are dearth of studies that have explored the level of the burden of care among relatives of CVD in Nigeria. This study addresses this gap by raising the question: to what extent does care for CVD patients affect caregiver’s psychological, behavioral and physiological daily lives. The study was a cross-sectional survey and it adopted the purposive sampling technique. Primary data were sourced from 200 caregivers/relatives from three tertiary hospital: Federal Teaching Hospital Ido-Ekiti, Federal Medical Centre Owo and Obafemi Awolowo Teaching Hospital Complex Ile-Ife. The outcome variable is caregiver’s burden, and the key explanatory variables are self-esteem and optimism. The Zarit (ZBIS), Rosenburg Self Esteem and Revised Life Orientation Test (LOT-R) standardised psychological scales were employed to measure caregiver’s burden, self-esteem and optimism. Pearson r was applied using Stata version 13. Results showed that a significant proportion of the caregivers experienced moderate to severe levels of burden. Also, results showed that caregivers’ burden was not significantly associated with Self-esteem (r200 = 0.04, p >.025) and optimism (r200 = 0.07, p >.025). It was imperative to provide professional help and supportive counselling to caregivers of CVD patients, in order to reduce their burden, strengthen the coping skill and thus improve their quality of life.
Contribution/ Originality
The paper’s primary contribution is that it documents empirical findings that are useful for research, clinical practice and counselling; as such document provides insights on the experience of these informal caregivers are strategies for valuable intervention programmes to reduce the burden among relatives of cardiovascular disease patients.


Self-esteem, Optimism, Cardiovascular disease patients, Caregivers burden.




Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Self-Esteem, Optimism and Burden of Care among Relatives of Cardiovascular Disease Patients in Selected Tertiary Hospitals in Southwest, Nigeria
( 4 ) Antibody Titers Following Hepatitis B Vaccination in Health Care Workers in Khartoum State, Sudan
( 5 ) A Review of a Community Health Care Workers’ Programme in South Africa
( 6 ) Free Maternal and Child Health Services in Enugu State, South East Nigeria: Experiences of the Community and Health Care Providers
( 7 ) How Do Patients Evaluate the New Health Care System in General Practice? Results from the European Project on Patient Evaluation of General Practice Care (Europep) in Adana, Turkey
( 8 ) Profile of Patients Visiting a Tertiary Eye Hospital and their Perception Regarding Barrier for Eye Care Services in the Western Saudi Arabia
( 9 ) Seroprevalence of Herpes Simplex Virus Type 2 (HSV-2) Infection Among HIV Patients Accessing Healthcare at Federal Medical Centre, Keffi, Nigeria
( 10 ) Exploring Social Opportunities for and Constraints to Primary Healthcare Seeking behavior in Urban Bangladesh: A Study on Rajshahi City
( 11 ) Assessment of the Quality of Antenatal Care Rendered at a Northern Nigeria Primary Health Care Center, Zaria, Nigeria
( 12 ) Domiciliary Care Providers Views on Provision of Palliative Care for their Cancer Patients
( 13 ) Preparing Nurses for Community Health Care: A Comparative Study of the ADN and BSN Programs
( 15 ) Knowledge and Utilization of E-Health Care Delivery among Health Care Professionals in Federal Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 16 ) Prevalence and Factors Associated With Refractive Error among Primary School Children in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
( 17 ) The Level and Associated Factors Of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Blood Donation among Health Science Students of Addis Ababa University
( 18 ) Prevalence of Stunting and Associated Factors among Under Five Children in Wondo Genet Woreda, Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia
( 19 ) Vitamin D Supplementation Practices in Pregnancy and During Infancy and Other Behaviors Related To Vitamin D Status among a Sample of Muslim Women in Ireland and Saudi Arabia
( 20 ) Correlation between Her2/Neu and Histopatholoical Finding among Sudanese Female Breast Cancer Patients
( 21 ) The Correlation between Educational Level and Incidence of Syphilis among Female Sex Workers within 7 Cities in Indonesia in 2007
( 22 ) Correlation between Certain Complications and Health Education Program among Non-Insulin Dependent Diabetes Miletus Patients
( 23 ) Strategies for Addressing Poor Statistical Literacy among Health Scientists and Science Communicators
( 24 ) Patterns of Hazardous Drinking and Socio Demographic Characteristics among Selected Tribal Community, in Bangladesh
( 26 ) Unprotected Sex among Sexually Active Unmarried Young Adults: A Pariah or Preemptive Incidence
( 27 ) Contribution of Meat towards Nutritional Security - An Analysis through Consumption of Different Food Items among Meat and Non-Meat Consumers in Karnataka
( 28 ) Hypersensitivity to Natural Rubber Latex Gloves among Albanian Dental Students: The Role of Exposure Duration
( 29 ) Gender as Determinant of the Effect of Yeast Selenium on CD4 T Cells Count Among HIV 1 Positive Children
( 30 ) Prevalence of Prehypertension and Assessment of Renal Function among the Prehypertensive Students of the College of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
( 31 ) Mortalities Profile among Dubai Population 2017, Utilizing Breakdown Fractions for Intervention and Forecasting of Future Epidemiologic Transition - Dubai, UAE 2019
( 33 ) A Retrospective Assessment of Syphilis Seroprevalence among Pregnant Women, Cape Coast, Ghana
( 35 ) Occurrence of Diabetes among Rural Women
( 36 ) A Preliminary Cross-Sectional Assessment on Exclusive Breastfeeding among Women Attending a Postnatal Clinic at the Holy Family Hospital, Techiman, Ghana
( 38 ) The Effect of Regular Hazelnut Consumption on Cardiovascular Risk Factors and Acceptance in Māori and European
( 40 ) Dietary Polyamines and Diseases: Reducing Polyamine Intake Can Be Beneficial In Cancer Treatment
( 41 ) Biological Functions of Plasma Membrane-Derived Extracellular Vesicles and Their Role in Diseases
( 42 ) Risk-Based Disease Management in the Fight Against to Bovine Tuberculosis; Area Prioritization
( 43 ) Development of Periodontitis after Antihelicobacter Therapy in Patients with Ulcer Disease
( 44 ) Determination of the Seasonality of Bovine Tuberculosis Disease from the Risk Based Disease Management
( 45 ) Prevalence of Prediabetes and the Associated Risk of Kidney Disease in Apparently Healthy Subjects in Nnewi, Anambra State, Nigeria
( 46 ) The Value of Nuclear Medicine Versus Ultrasonography in Diagnosing Renal Disease
( 48 ) The Outbreak of Novel Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Pandemic: Consequences on Public Mental Health
( 49 ) Ultrasound Guided Axillary Node Sampling in Patients of Carcinoma Breast with Clinically Negative Axilla: A Pilot Study
( 50 ) Prognostic Factors in Patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Oral Tongue Treated With Adjuvant Therapy Following Surgery
( 51 ) Update on Nutritional Aspects of Gluten-Free Diet in Celiac Patients
( 52 ) Role of Iron Metabolism in Breast Cancer Patients
( 53 ) Prosthodontic Rehabilitatative Therapy through Surgical Obturator for Maxillectomy Patients: A Review
( 55 ) Impaired Immune Phenotype of Circulating Endothelial-Derived Microparticles in None-Diabetic Patients with Chronic Heart Failure: Impact on Insulin Resistance
( 56 ) Evaluation of Techniques for the Diagnosis of Rotavirus Gastroenteritis in Paediatric Patients
( 57 ) Spectrum of Morphological Changes and Prevalence of “P53 Signatures” In Tubal Fimbrial Epithelium in General Population and In Patients with Pelvic Serous Carcinomas
( 58 ) The Importance of Clinical Genotype in Patients with Klinefelter Syndrome. A Genetic Disorder Asociated to Taurodontism
( 60 ) Epidemiological and Clinical Characteristics of Egyptian Patients with Hepatocellular Carcinoma: A Single Center Study
( 61 ) Study of Hepatic Dysfunction in Patientsinfected with Dengue Virus