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Animal Review

March 2017, Volume 4, 1, pp 8-20

Role of Probiotics in Animal Nutrition

H.M. Gado


A. Khusro


A.Z.M. Salem

H.M. Gado 1
A. Khusro 2
A.Z.M. Salem 3

  1. Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt 1

  2. Research Department of Plant Biology and Biotechnology, Loyola College, Nungambakkam, Chennai, India 2

  3. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Universidad Autonoma del Estado de Mexico, Toluca, Mexico 3

Pages: 8-20

DOI: 10.18488/

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Article History:

Received: 06 June, 2017
Revised: 04 July, 2017
Accepted: 18 July, 2017
Published: 27 July, 2017


The anaerobic probiotic technology (ZAD) is a patented technique. The products are in two forms either liquid or powder. The powder products are coated so it can handle the pressure and the temperature of the extruders. They are fed as follows; 10 gm/head /day for large animals or 1 kg/ tone of fed (for ZADO). In case of Liquid (ZAD); it is fed 10 ml/head/day for large animals and 1.5 ml liter for poultry and rabbits. It decreases the aflatoxins less than 11% by inclusion rate of 7% of ZAD in 7 hours. They are helping the animals to cope with heat stress. Their ability to decrease the cholesterol and triglycerides are noticed by 21 and 19%, respectively. The birds and animal immunity is elevated too. Animal performances are improved in animals fed either form. Milk production increased in dairy cattle (1.5 kg/animal/day) and dairy buffaloes (1kg/head/day). The same trend was recorded for meat production in cattle, buffaloes, and sheep (220, 180 and 90 gm/head/day, respectively as an average daily gain). For poultry, it helped in decreasing the fattening period by 5 days. In fish, the final weight increased by 18%. For rabbits, it increased the milk production, decreased the mortality rate, increased the average daily gain, and improved all over physiological aspects of rabbits.

Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the impact of probiotics on the growth performances and nutritional aspects of dairy animals, poultry, rabbit, fish, and beef. The primary contribution of this review article is to analyze the influence of anaerobic probiotic technology on the performances and other physiological aspects of ruminant and non-ruminant animals.


Probiotics, Domestic animals., Poultry, Rabbits, Fish, Animal performance, Nutrition.




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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