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Assessing Access to Comprehensive HIV Treatment Services for Men Who Have Sex with Men and Female Sex Workers in the Bamenda Health District

Sundjo Fabien


Fokam Ijang Pamella

Sundjo Fabien 1

Fokam Ijang Pamella 2

  1. University of Bamenda, Higher Teacher Training College, Cameroon. 1

  2. Technical Coordinator/DIC Manager, Cameroon Medical Women Association Bamenda, Cameroon. 2

Pages: 79-93

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2020.72.79.93

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Article History:

Received: 04 May, 2020
Revised: 06 November, 2020
Accepted: 20 November, 2020
Published: 18 December, 2020


Having access to quality health and specifically access to comprehensive HIV treatment services is a human right for everyone irrespective of age, sex, gender and sexual orientation. The main objective of this research was to investigate the determinants of access to HIV treatment for Female Sex Workers and Men Having sex with Men in the Bamenda Health district. Specifically, the study aimed at investigating the drivers of non-accessibility to HIV treatment services for Men having sex with Men and Female sex workers and also to scrutinize the drivers of non-accessibility to HIV treatment services for Men having sex with Men and Female sex workers in the Bamenda Health district. To assess treatment access, 20 and 25 questionnaires were administered to HIV positive FSW and MSM respectively. Data was analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Bivariate and Multivariate regressions. The descriptive analysis showed that 44.0% and 65% of MSM and FSW respectively have access to HIV treatment services. MSM and FSW with lower incomes face economic barriers though higher incomes at some point for the VIP FSW are instead a barrier to access CBOs for services. Another barrier to treatment is long distance to health facility for MSM as those who live further away are less likely to access HIV treatment services. Long waiting time at health facility was also found to be significant and hence a barrier to treatment access. None of the demographic factors were significant for FSW and MSM. Thus for access to be effective, actors should take these key issues into consideration.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the determinants of access to HIV treatment for Female Sex Workers and Men Having sex with Men in Cameroon while employing descriptive statistics, Chi-square, Bivariate and Multivariate regressions.


Access to HIV/AIDS services, Key populations, Treatment.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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( 300 ) Likely Effect of Gender and Education on Information Adoption and Utilization among Sugarcane Farmers in the Nyanza Region, Kenya
( 301 ) Change Management and Firm Performance of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
( 303 ) The Contingent Fit between Management Control System and Capabilities on Sustainability Performance
( 304 ) The Impact of Merger and Acquisition on the Financial Performance of the Nasdaq Listed Small Size Technology Companies
( 305 ) Exchange Rate Fluctuations and the Performance of Nairobi Securities Exchange Market in Kenya During the Coronavirus Pandemic
( 310 ) The Financial Decentralization Policy for Local Development in Cameroon: An Econometric Analysis
( 311 ) Innovation Efforts in the Face of Institutional Obstacles in Latin America
( 314 ) Sustainability Performance and Sustainable Development Goals
( 315 ) Impacts of Domestic Savings and Domestic Investment on Economic Growth: An Empirical Study for Pakistan
( 318 ) Fertility, Education, Labor Force Outcomes, and Cultural Acculturation of Immigrants
( 319 ) Child Support Enforcement and Infants Health Outcomes
( 320 ) Nexus among Foreign Exchange Reserve, Remittance and Trade Openness: An Empirical Investigation in the Case of Bangladeshi Economy
( 323 ) Income Smoothing, Earnings Management and the Credibility of Accounting Information
( 326 ) Inflationary Rate in Nigeria: Impact of Foreign Capital Inflows
( 329 ) Performance Evaluation of Chinese Commercial Banks Based on the Malmquist Index
( 331 ) The Climate Change Menace, Food Security, Livelihoods and Social Safety in Northern Ghana
( 333 ) Study on Environment and Energy Using Belonging Materials
( 339 ) Can the Interdependence Effect and the Contagion Phenomena be Related with One Another?
( 340 ) Institutionalising and Mainstreaming Policy Analysis Culture in African Environments
( 341 ) Exchange Rate Movements, Import And Economic Growth in Nigeria (1986-2010)
( 346 ) Organizational Commitment of White Collar Employees in Damansara Heights, Kuala Lumpur
( 347 ) Relationships between Financial Development and Economic Growth: A New Approach by Inputs
( 350 ) National Urban Development Policy and the Unanswered Development Question of Slum in Nigeria
( 351 ) Value Creation in the Multi-Project Environment
( 352 ) S-Dimensional Assets Portfolio Evaluation
( 357 ) A Multidimensional Structure of Shopping Centre Visit Objectives - An European Consumers Perspective
( 358 ) Good Governance, Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: Issues and Challenges
( 361 ) Rural Saving Mobilizations and Economic Development in Akamkpa Local Government Area of Cross River State - Nigeria
( 363 ) The Phenomenon of Money Politics and Nigeria’s Democratization: An Exploration of the Fourth Republic
( 365 ) Nigerian Politics, Economic Development, and the Role of Human Rights Organisations on Elections
( 366 ) The Wider Vision of Social Policy: Exploring the Ways of Curbing Violence against Women in Four Wards of Shamva North Constituency (Zimbabwe)
( 370 ) Benefit-Cost Analysis of Alternative Insect Pests Management in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 372 ) Moderating Effects of Project Management Experience, Project Team Size, Project Duration and Project Value Size on the Relationship between Project Manager’s Leadership Roles and Project Team Effectiveness in Malaysia
( 375 ) The Role of Strategic Planning on the Management of Organizational Change
( 376 ) Republic of Zimbabwe National Water Policy: A Desk Review of the Gaps between the Policy and Its Implementation