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The Trajectory and Diaspora of Women Imprisonment: An Analysis

A.K. M Ismoddoha


Md. Bashir Uddin Khan

A.K. M Ismoddoha 1
Md. Bashir Uddin Khan 2

  1. MS Student, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Bangladesh. 1

  2. PhD Candidate, School of Sociology and Political Science, Shanghai University, China; Assistant Professor, Mawlana Bhashani Science and Technology University, Santosh, Bangladesh. 2

Pages: 133-146

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2019.62.133.146

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Article History:

Received: 09 August, 2019
Revised: 13 September, 2019
Accepted: 21 October, 2019
Published: 03 December, 2019


In Bangladesh, a very limited number of studies are prevalent to understand the condition of women prisoners. To know the real situation in this regard, we collected data by in-depth interviewing with 10 released women prisoners of two purposively selected jails (from Dhaka and Tangail district) from the two central districts of Bangladesh. For data collection and analysis for this study, we applied the qualitative method (case study). We analyzed the socio-economic factors behind their crime commission, their perception towards jail administration and the impact of their incarceration on their children. The findings revealed that lower socioeconomic condition can be a factor behind the women’s criminal outbreak. Lack of accommodation, proper food, drugs, prison atmosphere, staff's behavior, and employment opportunities are the major problems faced by the prisoners in jails. Their perception regarding jail administration was considerably adverse. We also found that mothers’ incarceration significantly influences their children regarding various short and long term exposure to behavioral problems. Moreover, children with incarcerated mothers are found to be more likely to suffer from mental health issues and deprived of the mainstream academic curriculum. Extensive separations from children have been shown to have an impact on incarcerated mothers as well. The legal rights and privileges for the women prisoners are in many cases absent in most of the cases analyzed here.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the existing literature by minimizing the gap of scientific investigation regarding the effectiveness of prison system in Bangladesh in dealing with the inmates.


Women prisoners, Socio-economic factors, Qualitative analysis, Jail experience, Social reintegration, Stigmatization.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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