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An Evaluation of Effectiveness of Oversight Committees: A Case of City of Johannesburg, Section 79 Committees

Michael Toyi Mokgari


O Pwaka

Michael Toyi Mokgari 1 ,

O Pwaka 1 
  1. Mancosa Graduate School of Business, 16 Samora Machel St, Durban Central, Durban, 4001, South Africa 1

Pages: 48-67

DOI: 10.18488/journal.74.2018.52.48.67

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Article History:

Received: 13 August, 2018
Revised: 17 September, 2018
Accepted: 19 October, 2018
Published: 23 November, 2018


This research investigated the effectiveness of oversight committees in the City of Johannesburg, focussing on Section 79 committees which are constituted under Section 79 of the Municipal Structures Act, 1998, and which are tasked with performing oversight on departments. The problem with the separation of powers is that the performance and effectiveness of the oversight model in the City of Johannesburg Legislature (committees) has not been assessed and its performance level is still unknown. The objective of the study was to assess the effectiveness of the oversight model in holding the executive accountable. Interviews with thirteen respondents aided the researcher to gather valuable information, understanding, and insight, into the oversight model and its reporting function at the City of Johannesburg. The research findings show shortcomings in the oversight model, which include late reports, Executive absence from committee meetings, lack of tracking and implementation of committee resolutions, lack of political will and integrated reporting framework. The study recommends that the City of Johannesburg develop an integrated reporting framework in order to assess the efficacy of the oversight model by engaging the services of retired professionals. Also, the City should develop a booklet with all relevant legislation and policies for oversight purposes.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents and highlights the shortcomings in the present oversight model which, since inception, have not been assessed. The programmes and objectives of the oversight committees have therefore not been effectively monitored and evaluated. These factors have hampered the effectiveness of the section 79 committees within the City of Johannesburg.


Legislative committees, Oversight committees, Performance levels.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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