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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2021, Volume 8, 3, pp 122-133

Effect of Land Use and Slope Position on Infiltration Characteristics on Sandstone-Derived Soils of Southern Nigeria

Utin, U. E.

Utin, U. E. 1


  1. Department of Soil Science and Land Resources Management, University of Uyo, Uyo, Nigeria. 1

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Pages: 122-133

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2021.83.122.133

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Article History:

Received: 17 February, 2021
Revised: 22 March, 2021
Accepted: 28 April, 2021
Published: 24 May, 2021


Abstract:

A study of some soil properties that influence infiltration under different land use types and slope positions in sandstone-derived soils was carried out in Akwa Ibom State, Southern Nigeria. Soil samples were collected in triplicate for laboratory analyses and infiltration tests were conducted using the double ring infiltrometer method. Analysis of variance, correlation and regression analyses were used to assess the data Oil Palm Plantation and Fallow Land increased the organic matter content of the soil, reduced bulk density, increased the soil porosity and aggregate stability over Continuously Cultivated Land. Downslope soil movement caused the upper slopes to lose their clay and organic matter to the middle and lower slope soils. Initial infiltration rate, final infiltration rate, cumulative infiltration, sorptivity and transmissivity varied highly across the studied locations but were not significantly (P ? 0.05) affected by land use, slope position and their interactions. Apparently higher infiltration rates were observed in all slope positions under Oil Palm Plantation and Fallow Land as a result of their apparently higher clay contents, total porosity, mean weight diameter, saturated hydraulic conductivity and organic matter contents over those of Continuously Cultivated Land. Heavier organic matter input will help to modify the upper slope soils for increased infiltration rates. Plantation agriculture should be adopted and continuous cultivation discouraged to increase water infiltration on sloppy terrains of the study area.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the combined effect of land use and slope position on infiltration characteristics and has demonstrated that infiltration tend to increase towards the lower slope position of vegetated lands compared to upper slopes rendered bare by continuous cultivation.

Keywords:

Soil physical properties, Infiltration, Land use, Vegetation, Continuous cultivation, Slope position, Downslope, Sandstone-derived soils.

Reference:


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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Acknowledgement:

Author gratefully acknowledges the staff of the Soil Science Laboratory of the University of Uyo for their support during the laboratory phase of the work.

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