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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2020, Volume 7, 3, pp 118-133

Application of Analytical Hierarchical Process (AHP) in Development of Suitability Model for Rice Production in Taraba State

Ezra A


Adebayo A.A


Umar A. S

Ezra A 1 ,

Adebayo A.A 1 Umar A. S 1 
  1. Department of Geography, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, Nigeria. 1

on Google Scholar
on PubMed

Pages: 118-133

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2020.73.118.133

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Article History:

Received: 10 March, 2020
Revised: 14 April, 2020
Accepted: 18 May, 2020
Published: 03 June, 2020


This research was aim at applying Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) in Agro-Climatic Zoning of Taraba State for rice Production. Climatic variables, Rice Yield, Digital Elevation Model (DEM), Land Sat 8 (OLI) and Soil Texture map were the data used. Climatic data of the state were analyzed over time and Space using trend and spatial analysis tools in excel and Arc GIS respectively, while correlation and stepwise regression analysis between rice yield and the climatic variables were analyzed in SPSS. Mean temperature, August and September rainfalls were identified to be the critical Climatic factors affecting the growth and yield of rice in the State. The highly suitable cover places such as; Lisasam, Takum, Donga, Wukari, Mutum Biyu and Bali while the suitable area occupy places like Serti, Lau, Sunkani, Jalingo and Lankaviri. Suitability map produced with NDVI showed that the highly suitable area for Rice cultivation reduced from 31.93% to 28.76%. In regards to this findings, cultivation of rice should be encourage in Highly Suitable and Suitable zones of the State while cultivation of alternative crops other than rice in not suitable area is very important in reducing the risk of crop failure. In addition, application of Multi Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) a Remote Sensing and GIS tool and NDVI plays a significant role in Agro-climatic suitability zoning, as such, the tools are recommended in Agro-climatic research.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the Agricultural planning by determining the suitable area for cultivation of rice in Taraba State. Similarly, this paper contributes the first logical analysis that incorporates Agro-climatic statistical method and MCDM (AHP) method in designing a model for Agro-climatic suitability analysis.


Analytical hierarchical process (AHP), Suitability model, Rice production, Taraba State.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All data and other related information used in this paper were extracted from Ph.D. Thesis of Andrew Ezra, Department of Geography, Modibbo Adama University of Technology, Yola, as such, Authors want to appreciate the effort of Professor A.A. Adebayo and Dr. A . S Umar, for supervising the thesis.

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