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International Journal of Sustainable Agricultural Research

September 2019, Volume 6, 3, pp 117-124

Physiological Aspects of Yield Variation among Seven Groundnut Genotypes Cultivated under Rain-Fed Conditions

Yasir E. Mohammed

,

Ahmed M. El Naim

,

Tarig E. Ahmed

,

Abdelatif A. Sulaiman

,

Omer A. Bakhit

,

Khalid A. Ibrahim

Yasir E. Mohammed 1
Ahmed M. El Naim 2

Tarig E. Ahmed 3

Abdelatif A. Sulaiman 4 Omer A. Bakhit 4 Khalid A. Ibrahim 6

  1. Agricultural Research Corporation, Elobied Research Station, Sudan 1

  2. Faculty of Natural Resources & Environmental Studies, University of Kordofan, Elobeid, Sudan. 2

  3. Agricultural Research Corporation, Elobied Research Station, Sudan. 3

  4. Agricultural Research Corporation, Elobied Research Station, Sudan. 4

  5. Prince Sultan bin Abdul Aziz Center for Research & Environmental Studies & Tourism King, Khalid University, ABHA, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. 6

Pages: 117-124

DOI: 10.18488/journal.70.2019.63.117.124

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Article History:

Received: 04 February, 2019
Revised: 12 March, 2019
Accepted: 22 April, 2019
Published: 30 May, 2019


Abstract:

A field experiment was conducted at two locations, in North Kordofan under rainfed conditions for two consecutive seasons (2005/06 and 2006/07), to study the physiological aspects of yield variation among seven groundnuts (Araichis hypogaea L.), genotypes (Barberton, Sodiri, Gubiesh, ICGV89171, ICGV93296, ICGV86744 and ICGV92126). The parameters related to morpho-physiological traits were measured: growth rate (CGR), relative growth rate (RGR), specific leaf area (SLA), net assimilation rate (NAR), leaf area (LA), leaf area (LAI) and yield. The results of the combined analysis showed that there were no significant (p =0.05) differences among varieties for the measured morpho-physiological traits throughout the season. Mean seasonal pattern of these traits indicated that the maximum LAI, SLA, CGR, RGR and NAR were attained 65 days after planting. Significant varietal differences were observed for pod yield, hay yield, 100-seed weight and pod maturity. The highest pods yields of 551, 545 and 540 kg ha-1 were recorded by Barberton, ICGV89171 and Sodiri, respectively.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of the very few studies which have investigated the effect of genotypes on growth and yield of groundnut related to morpho-physiological traits in the traditional rain-fed sector of North Kordofan, Sudan

Keywords:

Peanut, Growth rate, Pod yield., Morphology, Leaf area, Net assimilation

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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