Citations


Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

December 2021, Volume 8, 2, pp 80-89

Effect of Mid-Term Cropping System Adoption on Soil Chemical Properties at Changunarayan Municipality, Bhaktapur, Nepal

Saroj Koirala

,

Santosh Shrestha

,

Prashanta Raut

,

Bikram Pandey

,

Arbindra Timilsina

Saroj Koirala 1
Santosh Shrestha 2

Prashanta Raut 3
Bikram Pandey 4
Arbindra Timilsina 5

  1. Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu, China; Agricultural Technology Center, Lalitpur, Nepal. 1

  2. Department of Soil Science, Institute of Agricultural and Animal Science, Kathmandu, Nepal; Agricultural Technology Center, Lalitpur, Nepal. 2

  3. Agricultural Technology Center, Lalitpur, Nepal. 3

  4. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China. 4

  5. Key Laboratory of Agricultural Water Resources, Hebei Key Laboratory of Soil Ecology, Center for Agricultural Resources Research, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shijiazhuang, China. 5

Pages: 80-89

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68.2021.82.80.89

Share :

Article History:

Received: 26 May, 2021
Revised: 29 June, 2021
Accepted: 03 August, 2021
Published: 24 August, 2021


Abstract:

Soil chemical properties plays a crucial role in crop yield. In this study, we evaluated the chemical properties of soils under three different cropping systems practiced for more than five years in Changunarayan municipality of Bhaktapur district of Nepal. The cropping systems includes- (i) cultivation inside polyhouse (Treatment A: polyhouse), (ii) paddy-wheat rotation (Treatment B: P-W), and (iii) paddy-wheat-vegetable rotation (Treatment C: P-W-V). Thirty-nine composite samples (13 replicates from each site) were taken from the area based on variation in landforms. Soil pH, organic matter (%), total nitrogen (%), available phosphorus (mgkg-1), and available potassium (mgkg-1) were evaluated for each sample. The study revealed that the soil pH was acidic and ranges between 4.71 and 5.39, organic matter (1.6-2.39%), total nitrogen (0.091-0.13%), phosphorus (4.48-29.24mg kg-1) and potassium (88.04-109.52 mg kg-1). A significant lower mean pH (4.71), and higher mean organic matter (2.39%), total nitrogen (0.13%) and available phosphorus (29.24 mgkg-1) were observed in cultivation under polyhouse. Incorporation of vegetable in paddy-wheat system gave significant (p<0.05) higher accumulation of soil phosphorus and consistently raised other nutrient status. Moreover, cultivation under polyhouse raised C:N ratio (10.55) significantly than other system. This finding can be relevant to wide range of readers that focus on soil chemical properties and can be used in developing future research strategy and sustainable soil management system in the area.
Contribution/ Originality
In this paper we analyzed the impact of different cropping system over soil quality.

Keywords:

Acidity, Changunarayan, C: N, Cropping system, Crop rotation, Paddy-wheat, Paddy-wheat-vegetables, Polyhouse.

Reference:

[1]          S. R. Reddy, Principles of agronomy, 4th ed. India: Kalyani Publishers, 2014.

[2]          H. Blanco-Canqui and R. Lal, Soil and water conservation. In Principles of soil conservation and management. Dordrecht: Springer, 2010.

[3]          W. Jokela, J. Posner, J. Hedtcke, T. Balser, and H. Read, "Midwest cropping system effects on soil properties and on a soil quality index," Agronomy Journal, vol. 103, pp. 1552-1562, 2011.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2134/agronj2010.0454.

[4]          D. L. Karlen, M. Mausbach, J. W. Doran, R. Cline, R. Harris, and G. Schuman, "Soil quality: A concept, definition, and framework for evaluation (a guest editorial)," Soil Science Society of America Journal, vol. 61, pp. 4-10, 1997.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1997.03615995006100010001x.

[5]          D. L. Karlen, S. S. Andrews, B. J. Weinhold, and J. W. Doran, "Soil quality: Humankind's foundation for survival a research editorial by conservation professionals," Journal of Soil and Water Conservation, vol. 58, pp. 171-179, 2003.

[6]          J. L. Hatfield, T. J. Sauer, and R. M. Cruse, "Soil: The forgotten piece of the water, food, energy nexus," Advances in Agronomy, vol. 143, pp. 1-46, 2017.

[7]          V. A. Laudicina, A. Novara, V. Barbera, M. Egli, and L. Badalucco, "Long-term tillage and cropping system effects on chemical and biochemical characteristics of soil organic matter in a Mediterranean semiarid environment," Land Degradation & Development, vol. 26, pp. 45-53, 2015.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1002/ldr.2293.

[8]          R. Haynes, "Interactions between soil organic matter status, cropping history, method of quantification and sample pretreatment and their effects on measured aggregate stability," Biology and Fertility of Soils, vol. 30, pp. 270-275, 2000.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s003740050002.

[9]          G. B. Tesfahunegn and T. A. Gebru, "Variation in soil properties under different cropping and other land-use systems in Dura catchment, Northern Ethiopia," PloS one, vol. 15, p. e0222476, 2020.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0222476.

[10]        N. Loria, S. Bhardwaj, and C. K. Ndungu, "Impact of cropping systems on soil properties, nutrient availability and their carbon sequestration potential in Shiwalik hills of Himachal Pradesh," Journal of Applied and Natural Science, vol. 8, pp. 1479-1484, 2016.Available at: https://doi.org/10.31018/jans.v8i3.987.

[11]        R. Shrestha, J. Ladha, and S. Gami, "Total and organic soil carbon in cropping systems of Nepal," Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems, vol. 75, pp. 257-269, 2006.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-006-9032-z.

[12]        S. Shrestha, "Crisis area study," Mountain Farming System, International Center for Integrated Mountain Development. Discussion Paper No. 321992.

[13]        S. Maskey, R. Shrestha, B. Shrestha, B. Tripathi, T. Munankarmy, Y. Khadka, Y. Bhattarai, and S. Shrestha, Strategies for soil fertility research in the hills of Nepal. Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal: Soil Science Division, NARC, 2000.

[14]        R. B. Ojha, S. Shrestha, Y. G. Khadka, and D. Panday, "Potassium nutrient response in the rice-wheat cropping system in different agro-ecozones of Nepal," PloS one, vol. 16, p. e0248837, 2021.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0248837.

[15]        J. M. Bremner and C. S. Mulvaney, Nitrogen total. Methods of soil analysis, 2nd ed. vol. 9. Madison, WI, USA: American Society of Agronomy, 1982.

[16]        S. R. Olsen, Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by extraction with sodium bicarbonate: US department of agriculture. Washinton D.C, U.S: National Government Publication, 1954.

[17]        R. Simard, "Ammonium acetate-extractable elements," Soil Sampling and Methods of Analysis, vol. 1, pp. 39-42, 1993.

[18]        SMD, "Manual for soil and fertilizer analysis," pp. 5–6, 2017.

[19]        A. Walkley and I. A. Black, "An examination of the degtjareff method for determining soil organic matter, and a proposed modification of the chromic acid titration method," Soil Science, vol. 37, pp. 29-38, 1934.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-193401000-00003.

[20]        M. L. Jackson, Soil chemical analysis. New Delhi, India: Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd, 1973.

[21]        B. Ramamoorthy and J. Bajaj, "Available nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium status of Indian soils," Fertiliser News, vol. 14, pp. 25–36, 1969.

[22]        A. Wallace, "Soil acidification from use of too much fertilizer," Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, vol. 25, pp. 87-92, 1994.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/00103629409369010.

[23]        M. T. F. Wong and R. S. Swift, "Role of organic matter in alleviating soild acidity. Handbook of soil acidity," ed New York, U.S: CRC Press, 2003, pp. 337-358.

[24]        N. K. Sinha, U. K. Chopra, and A. K. Singh, "Cropping system effects on soil quality for three agro-ecosystems in India," Experimental Agriculture, vol. 50, pp. 321-342, 2014.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1017/s001447971300046x.

[25]        D. Panday, R. B. Ojha, D. Chalise, S. Das, and B. Twanabasu, "Spatial variability of soil properties under different land use in the Dang district of Nepal," Cogent Food & Agriculture, vol. 5, p. 1600460, 2019.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2019.1600460.

[26]        P. P. Padhi, K. Chiranjeeb, M. Das, T. Behera, and A. P. Mishra, "Fertilizer use and soil acidity," Biomolcule Reports, BR/02/19/172020.

[27]        K. Singh, Vegetable crop production technology. Kathmandu, Nepal: Samikshya Publications, 2015.

[28]        R. Hijbeek, A. Pronk, M. Van Ittersum, H. ten Berge, J. Bijttebier, and A. Verhagen, "What drives farmers to increase soil organic matter? Insights from the Netherlands," Soil Use and Management, vol. 34, pp. 85-100, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12401.

[29]        E. Russell, "The role of organic matter in soil fertility," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. B, Biological Sciences, vol. 281, pp. 209-219, 1977.

[30]        C. Martius, H. Tiessen, and P. L. G. Vlek, The management of organic matter in tropical soils: what are the priorities?. In Managing organic matter in tropical soils: Scope and limitations. Dordrecht: Springer, 2001.

[31]        M. K. Rai, B. Paudel, Y. Zhang, N. R. Khanal, P. Nepal, and H. L. Koirala, "Vegetable farming and farmers’ livelihood: Insights from Kathmandu Valley, Nepal," Sustain, vol. 11, pp. 1-17, 2019.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11030889.

[32]        J. Glanz, Saving our soil: Solutions for sustaining earth’s vital resource. U.S.: Johnson Books, 1995.

[33]        H. Tian, J. Qiao, Y. Zhu, X. Jia, and M. a. Shao, "Vertical distribution of soil available phosphorus and soil available potassium in the critical zone on the Loess Plateau, China," Scientific Reports, vol. 11, pp. 1-10, 2021.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-82677-4.

[34]        D. Khadka, S. Lamichhane, D. Tiwari, and K. Mishra, "Assessment of soil fertility status of national rice research program, hardinath, dhanusha, Nepal," International Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Research, vol. 3, pp. 86-105, 2017.

[35]        D. Menezes-Blackburn, C. Giles, T. Darch, T. S. George, M. Blackwell, M. Stutter, C. Shand, D. Lumsdon, P. Cooper, and R. Wendler, "Opportunities for mobilizing recalcitrant phosphorus from agricultural soils: A review," Plant and Soil, vol. 427, pp. 5-16, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11104-017-3362-2.

[36]        I. Cakmak, "Potassium for better crop production and quality," Plant and Soil, vol. 335, pp. 1–2, 2010.

[37]        V. Torres-Olivar, O. G. Villegas-Torres, M. L. Domínguez-Patiño, H. Sotelo-Nava, A. Rodríguez-Martínez, R. M. Melgoza-Alemán, L. A. Valdez-Aguilar, and I. Alia-Tejacal, "Role of nitrogen and nutrients in crop nutrition," Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology. B, vol. 4, pp. 29–37, 2014.

[38]        D. Khadka, S. Lamichhane, K. P. Bhurer, J. N. Chaudhary, M. F. Ali, and L. Lakhe, "Soil fertility assessment and mapping of regional agricultural research station, Parwanipur, Bara, Nepal," Journal of Nepal Agricultural Research Council, vol. 4, pp. 33-47, 2018.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3126/jnarc.v4i1.19688.

[39]        G. Shrestha, "Soil properties and soil management practices in commercial organic and conventional vegetable farms in Kathmandu valley," Nepal Journal of Science and Technology, vol. 15, pp. 13-22, 2014.Available at: https://doi.org/10.3126/njst.v15i1.12005.

[40]        X. Xu, H. Tian, and D. Hui, "Convergence in the relationship of CO2 and N2O exchanges between soil and atmosphere within terrestrial ecosystems," Global Change Biology, vol. 14, pp. 1651-1660, 2008.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01595.x.

[41]        X. Deng, W. Ma, Z. Ren, M. Zhang, M. L. Grieneisen, X. Chen, X. Fei, F. Qin, Y. Zhan, and X. Lv, "Spatial and temporal trends of soil total nitrogen and C/N ratio for croplands of East China," Geoderma, vol. 361, p. 114035, 2020.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2019.114035.

[42]        J. Webb, P. Sørensen, G. Velthof, B. Amon, M. Pinto, L. Rodhe, E. Salomon, N. Hutchings, P. Burczyk, and J. Reid, "An assessment of the variation of manure nitrogen efficiency throughout Europe and an appraisal of means to increase manure-N efficiency," Advances in Agronomy, vol. 119, pp. 371-442, 2013.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/b978-0-12-407247-3.00007-x.

[43]        B. Da Silva Cerozi and K. Fitzsimmons, "The effect of pH on phosphorus availability and speciation in an aquaponics nutrient solution," Bioresource Technology, vol. 219, pp. 778-781, 2016.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biortech.2016.08.079.

[44]        P. Motavalli, C. Palm, W. Parton, E. Elliott, and S. Frey, "Soil pH and organic C dynamics in tropical forest soils: Evidence from laboratory and simulation studies," Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol. 27, pp. 1589-1599, 1995.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/0038-0717(95)00082-p.

[45]        C. N. Guppy, N. Menzies, P. W. Moody, and F. Blamey, "Competitive sorption reactions between phosphorus and organic matter in soil: A review," Soil Research, vol. 43, pp. 189-202, 2005.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1071/sr04049.

[46]        L. Abbadie, A. Mariotti, and J.-C. Menaut, "Independence of savanna grasses from soil organic matter for their nitrogen supply," Ecology, vol. 73, pp. 608-613, 1992.Available at: https://doi.org/10.2307/1940766.

[47]        J. M. Abell, D. Özkundakci, D. P. Hamilton, and S. D. Miller, "Relationships between land use and nitrogen and phosphorus in New Zealand lakes," Marine and Freshwater Research, vol. 62, pp. 162-175, 2011.Available at: https://doi.org/10.1071/mf10180.

Statistics:

Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor

Funding:

The authors thanks Ambit Research and Development for financial support in sample collection and laboratory analysis.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

The authors would like to acknowledge all the volunteers who participated in soil sample collections, lab technicians who performed lab tests and owner of farms of study area who helped providing samples and information regarding agricultural practices.

Related Article

( 1 ) Effect of Different Sources of Fertilizers on the Yield and Yield Components of Wheat Variety Kohat-2000 Under Rainfed Conditions of Kohat During 2012
( 2 ) Effect of Different Types of Surfectants on Zinc Efficiency in Spinach Yield
( 3 ) Effect of Some Botanicals against Termites, Macroterms Spp. (Isoptera: Termitidae) Under Laboratory Conditions
( 4 ) Effect of Disc and Tilt Angles of Disc Plough on Tractor Performance under Clay Soil
( 5 ) The Effect of Steaming Process on Fat Soluble Vitamins Content and Fatty Acid Profile in Bluefish and Rainbow Trout Fillets
( 6 ) Effect of Carbon Monoxide on Active Oxygen Metabolism of Postharvest Jujube
( 7 ) Effect of Different Concentrations of Vermicompost (Biohumus) On the Root Collar Diameter and Height Growth in the Seedlings of Anatolian Black Pine
( 8 ) Effects of Cotton Gin Trash Level on the Performance of Desert Lambs in New Halfa Area, Kassala State, Sudan
( 9 ) Effects of Age at Fattening On Butana Camel Males Carcass Characteristics in the Sudan
( 10 ) Effect of Sowing Date on Maize Seed Yield and Quality: A Review
( 11 ) Effect of Fungi and Manure on Cadmium Content and Biomass of Maize Grown In Cadmium Contaminated Tailing from Bangka Indonesia
( 12 ) Germination Effects of Purposive Bruchid Screening of African Ebony (Dalbergia Melanoxylon) Seeds In the Arid and Semi-Arid Region of South Eastern Kenya
( 13 ) Studies on Seasonal Performance of Newly Developed Bivoltine Silkworm (Bombyx Mori L) Hybrids Tolerant To Bmnpv and Effect of Temperature on Disease Induction
( 14 ) Effect of Whole Inedible Date and Amino Acid Supplementation on Growth Performance of Ross 308 Broiler Chicks
( 15 ) Effect of Using Different Pre-Storage Warming Times on Hatchability of White Hisex Breeders’ Eggs
( 16 ) Effect of Ethanol and Petroleum Ether Extracts of Some Medicinal Plants on Sclerotiumrolfsii, Causal Agent of Postharvest Rot of Yam (Dioscorea Spp.)
( 17 ) Effects of Ebola (EVD) Outbreak on Bush Meat Marketing and Consumption in Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 18 ) Effects of Degasified Extender on Quality Parameters of Cryopreserved Bull Spermatozoa
( 19 ) Effects of Dried Rumen Contents Level in Rations on the Performance of Shugor Desert Sheep in Halfa Elgadeda, Kassala State, Sudan
( 20 ) In Vitro Differential Effect of Nerve Growth Factor on Functional Parameters of Murrah Buffalo Spermatozoa in Low and High Fertile Groups
( 21 ) Physiological Effects of Some Artificial and Natural Food Coloring on Young Male Albino Rats
( 22 ) Effect of Sodium Alginate Coating with Ascorbic Acid on Shelf Life of Raw Pork Meat
( 23 ) Effect of Intra Spacing on Yield and Yield Components of Carrot (Daucus Carrota L.Sub Sp. Sativus)
( 24 ) Protective Effects of Sweet Orange Peel (Citrus Sinensis L.) The Induction of Micronuclei Induced by Cyclophosphamide in Human Peripheral Lymphocytes
( 25 ) Effect of Domestic Cooking on Physicochemical Parameters, Phytochemicals and Antioxidant Properties of Algerian Tomato (Solanum Lycopersicum L. Var. Marmande)
( 26 ) Effect of Contamination by Fungi and Yeast on the Physiochemical Characteristics of Gum Arabic Stored in Semi-Desert Climate of Khartoum City, Sudan
( 27 ) Analysis of Climate Change Effects among Rice Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 28 ) Effect of Temperature and Time on the Physical Properties of Bread Produced from Wheat – Cocoyam Flour Using Response Surface Methodology
( 29 ) Effect of Jameed Form on the Chemical Composition, Rheological and Microbial Properties
( 30 ) Effect of a Plant Extract in Several Traits of Plymouth Rock Barred Hens and Pullets Challenged with Salmonella Typhimurium in a Rural Village in Central Mexico
( 31 ) Effect of Environmental Pollution on Production and Metabolic Profile in Buffalo Cows
( 32 ) The Effect of the Reduced Dose of GnRH on Conception, Ovulation and Ovarian Structures in Ovsynch Program of Lactating Dairy Cows
( 33 ) Comparative Effect of Organic and In-Organic Fertilizer Treatment on the Growth and Tuberyeild of Sweet Potato (Ipomea Batata L)
( 34 ) The Effects of Magnetic Field on Germination of Seeds and Growth of Seedlings of Stone Pine
( 35 ) Effects of Segregated Early Weaning at 7 Days on Dams Body Condition, Parturition Interval and Offspring Birth Weight and Litter Size in the Agouti (Dasyprocta Leporina) for Intensive Production
( 36 ) Effect of Integrated Application of Poultry Manure and Chemical NP Fertilizers on Growth, Yield and Yield Components of Highland Maize Variety on Vertisol at Ambo University on Station, Ethiopia
( 37 ) Effect of Soaking on the Nutritional Values of Kordala (Maerua Pseudopetalosa) Seeds Grown in Kordofan Region, Sudan
( 38 ) Effect of Substrates on Nutritional Composition and Functional Properties of Pleurotus Ostreatus
( 39 ) Rural Farmers’ Coping Strategies to Effects of Climate Change on Watermelon Production in Igboora, Oyo State, Nigeria
( 40 ) Effect of Body Weight on Reproductive Fitness in Spodoptera Litura (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)
( 41 ) Effects of Different Storage Conditions on Rooting and Shooting Performance of Grapevine (Vitis Vinifera L.) Cuttings in Hydroponic Culture System
( 42 ) The Potential Effect of Zinc Deficiency on Reproductive Profile of Male Rat and its Possible Consequences
( 43 ) A Pictorial Guidebook on Poultry Diseases; Diagnostic Techniques and their Effective Treatment
( 44 ) Effects of Community Financing Institutions on Cassava Farmers Income in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 45 ) Effect of Blended Fertilizer and Lime Application on Yield of Finger Millet, and Soil Properties of Acidic Soils in Western Ethiopia
( 46 ) Changes in Certain Agronomic Characteristics of Table Grape Cultivar Alphonse Lavallee’ in Response to Water Deficit under the Different Rootstock Effect
( 47 ) Effect of Tuber Sections, Heat Treatment and Rehydration with Process Chemicals on the Physicochemical Properties of Sweet Potato (Ipomoea Batatas L. (Lam)) Flour
( 48 ) Effect of Seed Rate and Cultivar on Productivity of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in New Halfa Locality, Sudan
( 49 ) Effect of Planting Date on Growth and Yield of Bambara Groundnut (Vigna subtermnea (L) Verdc.) Varieties in Rainforest Zone of Delta State
( 50 ) The Effect of Varieties and Fungicide Spray Frequencies on Septoria Leaf Blotch (Mycosphaerella graminicola) Epidemics on Bread Wheat in Western Amhara, Ethiopia
( 51 ) The Fungicide and Variety Integration Effect on Late Blight (Phytophthora infestans) Disease of Potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) in Western Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 52 ) High-Sensitivity Testing of Effectiveness of Citrus Limon, Vitis Vinifera and Citrus Sinensis in the Postharvest Control of Callosobruchus Maculatus Fabricius (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) Infestation of Cowpea Seeds
( 53 ) Effects of Inclusion of Processed Grapefruit Pulp on Wheat Flour Biscuit
( 54 ) Effect of Boiling and Roasting on the Nutrients, Phytochemical and Functional Properties of Red and Green Cultivars of D. Bulbifera Flours
( 55 ) Effects of Melon Seed or Soybean Meal Supplementation on the Physicochemical and Sensory Properties of Incompletely Peeled Cassava Garri
( 56 ) Interactive Effects of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi and Rhizobium on Growth and Nutrient Content of Arachis hypogaea
( 57 ) Storage Effects on Microbiological and Some Antioxidant Potentials of Partially Substituted Bread Produced from Wheat Flour and Fresh Coconut Meat
( 58 ) Assessment of the Processing Effects of Fresh Solanum Anguivi Berries on Biochemical Contents and Functional Properties of Powder
( 59 ) Study of Heavy Metals Variability and their Effect on Plant Growth in Kanzenze River of Upper Akagera Catchment, Rwanda
( 60 ) The Effect of Land-Use on Herbaceous Production and Grazing Capacity in the Molopo District of the North West Province, South Africa
( 61 ) Preservative Effects of Ginger (Zingiber officinale), Tumeric (Curcuma longa) Extract and Citric Acid and Pasteurization on the Nutritional Quality and Shelf Life of Tiger-Nut Non-Dairy Milk
( 62 ) Interactive Effects of Zinc-Arbuscular Mycorrhizal (AM) Fungi on Cadmium Uptake, Rubisco, Osmolyte Synthesis and Yield in Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.
( 63 ) The Effect of Farmers Social Networks on Sustainable Agricultural Practices Adoption: A Scoping Review Protocol
( 64 ) Effect of Blanching Time and Drying Method on Quality of Black Pepper (Piper nigrum)
( 65 ) Effect of Photoperiod on Estrus Cycle and Reproductive Organs in Female African Giant Rat (Cricetomys Gambianus: Waterhouse)
( 66 ) Development of an Effective Biocatalyzed Organic Fertilizer Derived from Gliricidia Sepium Stem Biochar
( 67 ) Effect of Time of Feeding on Body Temperature of Wad Bucks and Pregnant Does in Tropical Environment
( 68 ) Prevalence of Subclinical Mastitis and its Effects on Reproductive Performance in Dairy Cows during the Postpartum Period in Gasabo District, Rwanda
( 69 ) Alleviating Climate Change Effect using Environmentally Friendly Process to Preserve Wood against Biodeteriaorating Agent
( 70 ) Effect of Land Use and Slope Position on Infiltration Characteristics on Sandstone-Derived Soils of Southern Nigeria
( 71 ) The Effect of Continuous Grazing on Herbaceous Species Composition, Basal Cover and Production on Three Soil Types in the North West Province, South Africa
( 72 ) Effect of Desiccation and Storage Environment on Longevity of Ehretia cymosa Thonn. Seeds
( 73 ) Effect of Mid-Term Cropping System Adoption on Soil Chemical Properties at Changunarayan Municipality, Bhaktapur, Nepal
( 74 ) Effect of Beneficial Soil Microbes on Growth and Yield of Celery in Volcanic Soil of West Java
( 77 ) Suitability of Temperate and Tropical Crossbred Dairy Cattle under Peri-Urban Production System in Bangladesh
( 78 ) Comparative Growth Analysis and Yield Performance of Glycine Max under Jatropha Curcas Based Agrisilviculture System of Agroforestry in the Northern Part of Bangladesh
( 79 ) Farmers Assessment of the Training and Visit Extension System in Niger State: Evidence from Fadama Ii & Iii in Mokwa Local Government Area of Niger State, Nigeria
( 80 ) Determination of Milk Composition, Bacteriology and Selected Blood Parameters of Dairy Goats Under Different Feeding Systems
( 81 ) Assessments of Market Oriented Beef Cattle Fattening System Under Farmer Management Condition in South Omo Zone of Snnpr
( 82 ) Multi-Environment Variety Testing (Pre-Met) for Irrigated Ecosystem in Rice (Oryza Sativa L.)
( 83 ) Management of Food Shelf Life and Energy Efficiency with Adaptive Food Preservation System (AFPS) Appliance
( 84 ) Forest Ecosystem Service Valuation: A Case of the Kalika Community Forest, Dhading, Central Nepal
( 85 ) Assessment of the Physical and Chemical Properties of Three Contrasting Soils Under Different Land Use Systems
( 86 ) The Value of Selected Ecosystem Services: A Case Study of East Mau Forest Ecosystem, Kenya
( 88 ) Optimal Rate of Nitrogen and Intra-Row Spacing for Economical Production of Onion under Irrigated Farming System in Eastern Amhara Region, Ethiopia
( 89 ) Short-Term Benefits of Grain Legume Fallow Systems on Soil Fertility and Farmers Livelihood in the Humid Forest Zone of Cameroon
( 90 ) Economic Benefits of Waste Management Based on Cocoa Farming System in Rural Area: Evidence from East Kolaka District of Southeast Sulawesi Province
( 91 ) Ecosystem Services Assessment of Mangrove Forest in a Coastal Island of Bangladesh
( 93 ) Some Insect Pests (Arthropoda: Insecta) of Summer Vegetables, Their Identification, Occurrence, Damage and Adoption of Management Practices
( 94 ) A Tobit Analysis of Propensity to Discontinue Adoption of Yam Minisett Technology among Farmers in Anambra State, Nigeria
( 95 ) Roles of Extension Services in Adoption of Agroforestry Practices among Farmers in South West Nigeria
( 96 ) Adoption and Perception of Farmers towards Attributes of Improved Teff (Quncho) Varieties: Evidence from Benishangul-Gumuz Region of Ethiopia
( 97 ) Adoption Impact of Improved Cowpea Variety in Selected Areas of Chattogram District of Bangladesh
( 100 ) Coconut Growers Knowledge, Perception and Adoption on Impacts of Climate Change in Gampaha and Puttalam Districts in Sri Lanka: An Index-Based Approach
( 101 ) Development of a Mathematical Model for Angle of Soil Failure Plane in Case of 3-Dimenssional Cutting
( 102 ) Soil-Blade Interaction of a Rotary Tiller: Soil Bin Evaluation
( 104 ) Impact of Abattoir Effluent on Soil Chemical Properties in Yola, Adamawa State, Nigeria
( 105 ) Soil Respiration, Microbial Biomass and Ratios (Metabolic Quotient and Mbc/Toc) As Quality Soil Indicators in Burnt and Unburnt Aleppo Pine Forest Soils
( 106 ) Management of Root-Knot Nematode, Meloidogyne Javanica Infecting Sunflower by Some Composted Plant or Animal Residues as Soil Amendments in Egypt
( 107 ) Status of Integrated Soil Fertility Management (ISFM) in Southwestern Nigeria
( 108 ) Improvement of Maize Productivity (Zea Mays L.) by Mycorrhizal Inoculation on Ferruginous Soil in Center of Benin
( 110 ) Assessment of Potassium Leaching Behaviour in Selected Soils of Southeastern Nigeria
( 113 ) Characterization and Classification of Cropland-Soils Affected by Erosion in Igbudu Ikwo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 114 ) Principal Component Analysis for the Quantification of Soil Horizon Carbon Stocks in Relation to Soil Bulk Density
( 115 ) Seedlings Performance of Triplochiton scleroxylon (K. Schum.) under Different Light Intensities and Soil Textural Classes
( 116 ) Root Density, Distribution and Yield Relationships of High Yielding Sugarcane Varieties Under Sandy Soil Condition
( 117 ) Determination of Phosphorous Fixation Capacity on Alluvium, Sandstone and Shale Soils of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria
( 119 ) Adaptability of Soil pH through Innovative Microbial Approach
( 122 ) Soil Properties and Growth of Maize as Affected by Slope Position and Fertilizer Type on Coastal Plain Sands
( 125 ) The Influence of Probiotics and Antibiotic Growth Promoter on Growth Performance and Hemato-Biochemical Parameters in Broilers
( 126 ) Physico-Chemical Properties of Honey Produced In Masha, Gesha, and Sheko Districts in Southwestern Ethiopia
( 127 ) Evaluation of the Phytochemical, Antioxidant and Antimicrobialproperties of Extracts from Chrysophyllum Albidum (African Star Apple) Leaf
( 128 ) Stover Yield and Chemical Composition in Some Sorghum Varieties in Gadarif State, Sudan
( 129 ) Chemical Analysis of Acacia Ehrenbergiana (Salam) Tree Fruits (Seed and Pods) As Dry Season Supplement For Livestock in Arid and Semi –Arid Lands of Sudan
( 130 ) Microbiological Profile, Shelf Stability and Some Physicochemical Properties of Fermented Flour from Different Sweet Potato Cultivars
( 131 ) “Evaluation of Phytochemical Constituents of the Fruits of Cucumis Sativus Linn. For their Hepatoprotective Activity by Molecular Docking Studies”
( 135 ) Evaluation of Chemical-Nutritional Characteristics of Rainbow Trout Samples Affected by the
( 136 ) Biochemical and Electron Microscopic Changes Induced by Giardia in Experimentally Infected Lambs
( 138 ) Molecular Studies on E.Coli Isolate from Milk of Mastatic Cattle with Special Reference to Associated Biochemical Changes in Kaliobea Governorate
( 140 ) Physicochemical and Rheological Characterization of Goat Whey
( 142 ) Chemical Changes Associated with Repetitive Re-Use of Vegetable Oil during Deep Frying of Bean Cake, Plantain and Yam
( 143 ) Modelling and Optimization of Rice (Oryza sativa L.) Paddy Pre-Treatments for Optimum Chemical Property using Response Surface Methodology
( 145 ) Biochemical Composition and Consumption Risk of Leafy Vegetables Puts and Babenda Cereals Produced in Five Cities in Burkina Faso
( 148 ) Broiler and Indigenous Chickens: A Comparison through Biochemical Parameters
( 149 ) Chemical Control of Alternaria Brown Spot on Mandarins Cultivars in Tunisia
( 151 ) Nutritional Properties of Some Novel Selected Fish Species in Khuzestan Province, Iran
( 152 ) Nutritional, Functional and Sensory Properties of Biscuit Produced from Wheat-Sweet Potato Composite
( 157 ) The Particle Size and Thermal Properties of Flour from three Plantain (Musa Paradisiaca) Cultivars Grown in Nigeria
( 165 ) Traditional Technologies and Probiotic Properties of Bacillus Strains Isolated from Kawal -A Chad Traditional Fermented Food Condiment
( 168 ) Proximate and Sensory Properties of Moi-Moi Developed from Cowpea and Avocado Pear Seed Flour Blends
( 169 ) Processing and Storage Impact on Carotenoid Contents and Functional Properties of Yellow Cassava Traditional Food Products
( 173 ) Monte Carlo Modeling for Aflatoxin B1 Distribution in Pistachio Samples: A Prerequisite for Sampling Plan Validation
( 174 ) Farmer’s Decision To Practice Crop Rotation in Arsi Negelle, Ethiopia: What are the Determinants?
( 176 ) Use of Solar Drier Papapya Lather as a Fat Replacer in Cakes
( 177 ) Preservative Activity of Ethanolic Extract of Ginger in Wara - A West African Traditional Soft (Unripened) Cheese
( 178 ) Efficacy of Allicin (Allium Sativum Linn.) Against Bipolaris Sorokiniana in Barley Plants
( 179 ) GGE and Ammi Biplot Analysis for Field PEA Yield Stability in Snnpr State, Ethiopia
( 180 ) Storage Stability of Intermediate Moisture Cauliflower Brassica Oleracea, Var, Botrytis Cabbage Brassica Oleracea, Var, Capitata Using Radiation as Hurdle Technology
( 181 ) Quality Characteristics of High-Oleic Sunflower Oil Extracted from Some Hybrids Cultivated Under Egyptian Conditions
( 182 ) Flaxseed Nutritied Meat Balls With High Antioxidant Potential
( 183 ) Maximizing the Productivity of Olives by Using Some Materials and Its Impacts on the Quality Indices of Picual Olive Oil
( 184 ) Growing Jatropha Curcas and Jatropha Gossypiifolia as a Interculture with Sunflower for Control of Meloidogyne Javanica in Egypt
( 187 ) Small-Scale Milk Processing, Utilization and Marketing of Traditional Dairy Products in Bahir Dar Zuria and Mecha Districts, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 188 ) Impact of Laser Land Leveling On Water Productivity of Wheat under Deficit Irrigation Condations
( 190 ) Antioxidant Activity of Eight Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum L.) Varieties Grown in Algeria
( 192 ) Evaluation of Field Pea (Pisum Sativum L) Genotypes Performance for Yield and Yield Components at Five Growing Environments of Southern Ethiopia
( 193 ) An Assessment of the Level of Awareness of Climate Change and Variability among Rural Farmers in Taraba State, Nigeria
( 194 ) Characterization and Association among Yield and Yield Related Traits in Sunflower (Helianthus Annus L) Genotypes
( 195 ) Association between Yield Components of Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor L. (Moench) Under Different Watering Intervals
( 196 ) Study on Adaptability of Released Midland Maize Varieties around South Ari Woreda, South Omo Zone, Southern Nation Nationality Peoples Region, Ethiopia
( 198 ) Protective Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobrochus Maculatus (F.) Infestation in Stored Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.)
( 199 ) Diversity, Use Pattern and Management of Forest Resources in the Eastern Himalaya: A Case Study of Mizoram, India
( 200 ) Screening of Mycotoxins Producer Fungal and Aflatoxins Level in Dried and Smoked Fish (Clarias Sp.) and (Oreochromis Sp.) from Lake Fitri - Chad
( 201 ) Curative Bioactivity of Moringa (Moringa Oleifera Lam.) Seed Oil against Callosobruchus Maculatus F. Infested Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. Walp.) Grain in Storage
( 208 ) Characteristics of Bread and Biscuit Made With Wheat and Rice Flour Composites
( 210 ) Ethnomedicinal Survey of Plants Used In Treating Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Abia State, Nigeria
( 212 ) Influence of Dehydrated Medicago Sativa on Quality Characteristics of Marchigiana Beef
( 213 ) Seleno-Cystine Affects the Fatty Acid Profile in In Vitro Incubated Ovine Ruminal Fluid Containing α-Linolenic Acid
( 214 ) Evaluation of Some Cowpea (Vigna Unguiculata L. [Walp]) Genotypes for Stability Of Performance Over 4 Years
( 215 ) Economics of Sheep Production in Zuru Local Government Area of Kebbi State Nigeria
( 218 ) Analysis of Rainfall and Temperature Variability to Guide Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolar) Production in Miesso Areas, Eastern Ethiopia
( 219 ) Tree Species Diversity and Productivity Relationship in the Central Region of Bangladesh
( 220 ) Key for First Recorded Dragonfly (Odonata: Anisoptera) Fauna of District Lower Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
( 221 ) Analysis of Determinants of Demand and Supply of Maize in Aniocha North Local Government Area, Delta State, Nigeria
( 222 ) Analysis of Fresh Fish Marketing in Ngaski Local Government Area of Kebbi State, Nigeria
( 223 ) Assessment of Human Capital Attributes Influencing Occupational Diversification among Rural Women in Anambra State, Nigeria
( 225 ) Performance Evaluation and Adaptation of Lentil Varieties in Lemu, Gumur and Damot Gale Districts of Southern Ethiopia
( 227 ) Survey on Economical Important Fungal Diseases of Tomato in Sub-Zoba Hamemalo of Eritrea
( 229 ) Hot Water Enhanced Germination of Leucaena Leucocephala Seeds in Light and Dark Conditions
( 230 ) Microbial Degradation of Organic Waste through Vermicomposting
( 231 ) Identification of Cattle Persistently Infected With BVDV (PI) By Ear-Notch Testing In Southeast of Iran
( 232 ) Ingessana Goats Phenotype, Carcass and Wholesale Cuts Characteristics in Fadamia, Bao Locality, Blue Nile State, Sudan
( 234 ) Profitability of Non-Timber Forest Products (NTFPS) Production and Marketing in Zuru Local Government Area, Kebbi State: A Case for Honey
( 235 ) Fetal Maceration in Crossbred Holstein Frisian Heifer-A Case Report
( 236 ) Frequency of Gastrointestinal Parasites and Egg per Gram Faeces Count of Nematodes in Black Bengal Goat under Field Condition in West Bengal, India
( 237 ) Description of Immature Stages of the Brown Dog Tick Rhipicephalus Sanguineus (Acari: Ixodidae) Using Scanning Electron Microscopy
( 238 ) Examination of Oribatid Mites for Cysticercoids of Moniezia Sp
( 239 ) Assessment of Veterinary Inspection Practices on Quality of Beef Produced In Ibarapa Central Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 240 ) Blood Picture and Selected Oxidative Stress Biomarkers in Dromedary Camels Naturally Infected With Trypanosoma Evansi
( 241 ) Constraints to Brood and Sell Poultry Production among Farmers in Enugu State, Nigeria
( 242 ) Screening of Some Coffee Arabica Genotypes Against Coffee Wilt Diseases (Gibberella Xylarioides Heim And Saccus) At Jimma, Southwest Ethiopia
( 243 ) Climate Relevant Emissions from Animal Production and Reduction Potentials
( 244 ) Correlation between Milk Yield, Somatic Cell Count and Milk Quality in Dairy Farming
( 245 ) Evaluation of In Vitro Protocols for Elimination of Banana Streak Virus from Tissue Cultured Explants in Banana Seedling Production
( 246 ) Variation in Density and Shrinkage between Sawmill and Hand Processed Khaya Senegalensis Woodin Sokoto, North-Western Nigeria
( 249 ) Combined Microbial Inoculation as a Promising Approach to Enhance Promiscuous Soybean Nodulation and Nitrogen Content in Sudan Savanna
( 250 ) Partial Budgeting Analysis of Different Strategies for Management of Insect Pests in Cashew and Mango Orchards in Tanzania
( 253 ) Comparative Analysis of Technical Efficiencies of Smallholder Vegetable Farmers with and Without Credit Access in Swazil and the Case of the Hhohho Region
( 254 ) Cholesterol Content of Bull Spermatozoa Alters Survival at Ultra-Low Temperatures
( 256 ) Empirical Study on the Relationship between Market Share, Advertising Density and Ratio of Sales
( 257 ) Genotype X Environment Interaction and Stability Analysis for Yield and Yield Related Traits of Desi-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietinum L.) In Ethiopia
( 260 ) Bioaccumulation of Hydrocarbon, Heavy Metals and Minerals in Tympanotonus Fuscatus from Coastal Region of Bayelsa State, Nigeria
( 261 ) Prevalence and Management of Some Surgical Affection in Cattle and Buffaloes at Qena Governorate in Field Situation
( 262 ) Gender Issues of Labour Participation in Vegetable Production in Ikorodu Local Government Area of Lagos State
( 263 ) Genetic Divergence and Character Association of Kabuli-Type Chickpea (Cicer Arietium) Genotype under Rainfed Conditions in Ethiopia
( 264 ) Estimation of Export Demand Function for Swazi Sugar: A Panel Data Analysis
( 268 ) Application of Agroforestry Techniques in the Management of Bamboo
( 269 ) Pelvic Floor Fractures in 55 Dogs and 39 Cats: CT and X- Ray Findings
( 270 ) Hydrostatic and Hydrodynamic Characteristics of Swimming Animals- an Inspiration for Hybrid Buoyant Aircraft
( 271 ) Characteristic of Swamp Buffalo (Bubalus Bubalis) Pampangan at Ogan Komering Ilir, South Sumatera, Indonesia
( 275 ) Apparent Metabolisability of Diets Containing Concentrate, Zostera Noltii or Taraxacum Officinalis in Anas Penelope
( 278 ) Evaluation of Improved Varieties of Teff in West Belessa, Northwest Ethiopia
( 279 ) Rheological Studies of Texture-Modified Chicken Rendang with Tapioca and Sago Starches as Food Thickener for Patients with Dysphagia
( 282 ) Evaluation of the Biomass of the Green Oak (Quercus Rotundifolia) of the Central Middle Atlas: Case of the South Jbel Aoua Forest (Morocco)
( 284 ) Genotypic Difference in Growth and Yield Related Traits of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Southern Tigray
( 285 ) Study on Agronomic Evaluation of Tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum, Mill.) Varieties for Phonological, Growth and Yield Characters
( 288 ) Analysis of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 291 ) Technical-Economic Efficiencies of Snakehead Seed Production Under Impacts of Climate Change in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam
( 292 ) The Domestic Livestock Resources of Turkey: Social Aspects, Genetic Resources and Conservation of Companion Animal Cats (Felis Catus)
( 293 ) Synthesis of Biodiesel from Tropical Almond (Terminalia Catappa) Seed Oil
( 294 ) Technical Efficiency of Swamp Rice Farmers in Ebonyi South Agricultural Zone, Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 295 ) Monosex Barb (Osteochilus Hasselti ) Culture with Reduction Feed on Economic Efficiency and Cost Reduction at Net Cage in Cirata Reservoir
( 296 ) Productivity of Farmland Values in Food Crop Production in the Natural Disasters Prone Areas of Imo State, Nigeria
( 297 ) Straw Composting with Biological Agent Inoculation and Application Biofertilizer to Increase Rice Production
( 299 ) Performance of Multi-Purpose Cooperatives in the Shiselweni Region of Swaziland
( 300 ) Perception of Kogi State University Agricultural Students on Farming as a Career
( 302 ) Occurrence and Anti-Fungal Sensitivity Testing of Candida Species Isolated from Canine Conjunctivitis
( 303 ) Mobile Food Consumption Monitoring Application
( 304 ) Design of Experiment - Optimization of HPLC Analysis of Vitamin A and E in Margarine and Vegetable Oil
( 305 ) The Evaluation of Some Dietary Fiber Rich by-Products in Ice Creams Made from the Traditional Pudding - Kesme Muhallebi
( 308 ) Evaluation of Selected Botanical Extracts against Mendi Termite Macrotermes subhyalinus (Isoptera: Termitidae), under Laboratory Condition
( 310 ) Supernumerary Teats in Kalahari Red Goats in the Humid Tropics
( 311 ) Microscopic Detection of Haemoparasites in Muscovy Ducks (Anas Platyrynchos) in Gombe State, Nigeria
( 312 ) A New Activity in Turkey's Agricultural Forestry: Truffle Mushroom Cultivation
( 313 ) The Evaluation of the Agriculture of Hazelhazelnut in Duzce According to Climate Parameters
( 315 ) The Domestic Livestock Resources of Turkey: Silkworm (Bombyx Mori, L. 1758) (Lepidoptera: Bombycidae) Lines and their Conservation
( 316 ) Evaluation of Different Tillage Practices on Growth and Yield of Fluted Pumpkin Telfairia Occidentalis in Uyo, Southeastern Nigeria
( 317 ) Accelerating Agricultural Productivity to Enhance Economic Growth in Botswana
( 318 ) An Assessment of the Market Structure of Sesame among Farmers, Wholesalers and Retailers in Nasarawa State, Nigeria
( 319 ) Heterosis for Nitrogen Fixation and Seed Yield and Yield Components in Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.)
( 320 ) Determinants of Farmers' Use of Land Reclamation Practices in Oil Producing Areas of Imo State, Nigeria: Application of Multivariate Logistic Analysis
( 321 ) Experimental Model Validation and Control of a Lactic Fermentation Process
( 322 ) Mechatronics and Precision Livestock Farming in Mexican Animal Production
( 323 ) Molecular Characterization of Parental Lines of Rice Aiming to Address High Yield and Nutritional Quality Under Drought and Cold Stress Condition
( 324 ) Perception of Cassava Farmers of Climate Change on Cassava Production in Ido Local Government Area of Oyo State, Nigeria
( 325 ) Evaluation of the Sustainability Criteria of Forest Management in the Municipality Palma Soriano, Santiago De Cuba Province
( 327 ) Identification of Soybean Genotypes (Glycine Max (L.) Merrill) Through Genetic Variability Analysis
( 328 ) Harvesting Date Influences Cassava (Manihot Esculenta Crantz) Yield and Quality of Based-Products
( 332 ) Prospects of Rural Youths Participation in Family Farming in Benue State, Nigeria: Implications for Policy
( 333 ) Feeding Potential of Red Palm Weevil, Rhynchophorus Ferrugineus on Different Date Palm, Phoenix Dactylifera Varieties Under Field Conditions
( 334 ) Assessment of Government Feeding Programme on Improved Nutritional Health Status of Secondary School Students in Maiduguri, Borno State
( 335 ) Variation of Wood Density in Tropical Rainforest Trees
( 337 ) Adaptation Study of Mung Bean (Vigna Radiate) Varieties in Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia
( 338 ) Runoff Response to Climate Variability: An Analysis of Thika River Basin in Kenya Using Hydrological Simulation Model (Hysim)
( 339 ) Palm Kernel Separation Efficiency and Kernel Quality from Different Methods Used in Some Communities in Rivers State, Nigeria
( 340 ) Performance Evaluation of Onion (Allium Cepa L.) Varieties at Benatsemay Woreda of South Omo Zone, Ethiopia
( 341 ) Forecasting Goat Milk Production in Turkey Using Artificial Neural Networks and Box-Jenkins Models
( 343 ) Isolation and Screening of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria from Rhizosphere of Tea (Camellia Sinensis L.) on Andisols
( 344 ) Utilization of Fish and Mango Wastes on Biological Silage Production
( 345 ) Uncertainty Analysis and Calibration of Swat Model for Estimating Impacts of Conservation Methods on Streamflow and Sediment Yield in Thika River Catchment, Kenya
( 346 ) Optimization of Elephant Foot Yam (Amorphophallus Paeoniifolius) Extract Syrup Formula as a Nutritive Antioxidant Drink
( 347 ) The Simulation of Egg Hatching Trend of Aedes Aegypti Associated with Rainfall Distribution
( 349 ) Duration of Freezing Influences Sensory Attributes of Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) and Plantain (Musa paradisiaca AAB)
( 351 ) Productivity Analysis of Labor for Use on Potatoes
( 352 ) Investigating Constraints to Poultry Management Practices among Smallholder Farmers in Benue State, Nigeria
( 353 ) Climate Change and Adaptation Strategies: Farmers Perception in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 354 ) Climate Variability, Incidences and Mitigation Strategies among Poultry Farmers in Abia State, Nigeria
( 355 ) Edible Films and Coatings: A Good Idea From Past to Future Technology
( 357 ) Pulsing Preservatives to Prolong Vase Life of Cut Rose Flowers in Bahir Dar, Northwestern Ethiopia
( 358 ) Study of Factors Linked to the Variation in Rentability in the Farming of Broiler Chickens in Northeast Algeria
( 359 ) Report of an Outbreak of Peste Des Petits Ruminants in Iran, Clinical, Epidemiological and Pathological Study
( 360 ) The Impact of Intensive Utilization of Cultivated Land on Grain Yields: A Case Study of Shandong Province in China
( 362 ) Gender Differentials in Labour Market Participation of Rural Households in Non-Farm Activities in Oyo State, Nigeria
( 364 ) Influense of Indole Butyric Acid (IBA) for Stenting Propagation of Cut Rose
( 365 ) Tabu-Genetic Algorithm-Based Model for Poultry Feed Formulation
( 366 ) Pepper Disease Assessment and Identification in Major Growing Districts of West Gojam Zone in Northwestern Ethiopia