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Current Research in Agricultural Sciences

March 2017, Volume 4, 1, pp 1-6

Technical Efficiency of Swamp Rice Farmers in Ebonyi South Agricultural Zone, Ebonyi State, Nigeria

Ugwu J.N

,

Mbah G.O

,

Chidiebere-Mark, N.

,

Tim-Ashama A

,

Ohajianya D.O

,

Okwara M.O

Ugwu J.N 1
Mbah G.O 2
Chidiebere-Mark, N. 3
Tim-Ashama A 4

Ohajianya D.O 5 ,

Okwara M.O 5 
  1. Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Enugu State, Nigeria 1

  2. Department of Rural Sociology and Extension, Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, Abia State, Nigeria 2

  3. Department of Agricultural Economics & Extension, Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria 3

  4. Department of Agricultural Science, AlvanIkoku Federal College of Education, Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria 4

  5. Department of Agricultural Economics, Federal University of Technology Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria 5

Pages: 1-6

DOI: 10.18488/journal.68/2017.4.1/68.1.1.6

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Article History:

Received: 30 July, 2016
Revised: 17 December, 2016
Accepted: 02 January, 2017
Published: 21 January, 2017


Abstract:

Technical efficiency of resource use is imperative for increased rice production in Nigeria. The study attempted to determine the technical efficiency of swamp rice farmers in Ebonyi south  agricultural zone, Ebonyi state, Nigeria. Specifically, the study analyzed the socio-economic characteristics of the swamp rice farmers, determined the technical efficiency of the swamp rice farmers as well as the distribution of technical efficiency among swamp rice farmers in the study area. Purposive and random sampling technique were used to select sixty respondents for the study. Structured questionnaire was the instrument of data collection. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stochastic production frontier. Results showed that the swamp rice farmers were in their active age (47years), predominantly male (70%), had average education (8 years spent in school) and married (86.7%). The maximum likelihood estimates showed that the variables of farm size, seed and labour were determinants of technical efficiency. The mean level of technical efficiency was 75.9% suggesting that an estimated 24.1% of the output is lost due to technical inefficiency in swamp rice production.

Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature on technical efficiency of Swamp Rice Farmers in Nigeria. The paper’s primary contribution is finding that the mean level of technical efficiency was 75.9% suggesting that an estimated 24.1% of the output is lost due to technical inefficiency in swamp rice production.

Keywords:

Technical efficiency, Swamp rice, Stochastic frontier.

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Reference:

  1. United State Agency for International Development (USAID), "Global food security response Nigeria rice study, Attachment IV to the Global Food Security Response West Africa Rice Value Chain Analysis," 2009.
  2. O. Kolawole, "Technical, allocative and economic efficiency of  upland rice farmers in Nigeria; A stochastic frontier approach," Empirical Economics Letters, vol. 6, pp. 537-543, 2007.
  3. National Population Commission, "Nigeria federal government initiative of individual head count," Spread, State by State, National Population Commission In: MOFINEWS Jan-Feb, vol. 6, p. 7, 2006.
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  7. C. U. Nwaobiala and O. M. Adesope, "Economic analysis of small holder rice production systems in Ebonyi State, South East, Nigeria," Russian Journal of Agricultural and Socio-Economic Sciences, vol. 11, pp. 3-10, 2013. View at Google Scholar 
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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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