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Journal of Empirical Studies

June 2018, Volume 5, 1, pp 55-66

Trade Policy and Democracy for Development in Central African Countries

Tekam Oumbe Honore


Tchouassi Gerard

Tchouassi Gerard 1
Tekam Oumbe Honore 2

  1. University of Yaounde II, Cameroon 1

  2. University of Dschang, Cameroon 2

Pages: 55-66

DOI: 10.18488/journal.66.2018.51.55.66

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Article History:

Received: 17 October, 2018
Revised: 12 November, 2018
Accepted: 24 December, 2018
Published: 11 January, 2019


This article shows that trade policy and democracy positively affect economic development. A panel of 11 Central Africa economies with 176 observations from 1995 to 2010 is used to econometrically test this hypothesis. The use of Generalised Least Squares (GLS) shows that there is a link between economic development, captured using Human Development Indicators (HDI), democracy, imports, exports, inflation and regional integration. Inflation and exports negatively affect the well-being of the population. An increase in the inflation rate causes a reduction in purchasing power. An increase in the exports of commodities tends to decrease the quantity of goods available for the country of origin. Imports have a positive effect on HDI probably because this variable tends to increase the quantity of goods available. Imports and democracy have a positive effect on the level of development in Central African countries. The findings are important to policy makers Central Africa who seek to increase trade within, between and with other democratic countries.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents that trade policy and democracy contribute positively to economic development.


Trade policy, Democracy, Development, Well-being, General least square (GLS), Human development indicators (HDI), Regional integration, Central African countries.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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