Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Journal of Empirical Studies

September 2015, Volume 2, 3, pp 40-46

Opinion of Parents about Child Labour and Their Education – A Study

Aasif Hussain Nengroo


Ghulam Muhammad Bhat

Aasif Hussain Nengroo 1
Ghulam Muhammad Bhat 2

  1. Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Central University of Kashmir, J&K, India 1

  2. Head, Department of Economics and Dean School of Social Sciences, Central University of Kashmir 2

Pages: 40-46

DOI: 10.18488/journal.66/2015.2.3/

Share :


Much research has been done about the determinants of child labour, both at the national and international level but unfortunately very less research has been done about parents’ opinion on child labour and their education. In order to fill this gap we have done a household survey in Kashmir valley and have identified 88 parents whose young blood is working for the fortitude of their family. Our study found that adverse social and economic conditions force parents to engage their children in the labour market, notwithstanding their altruistic attitude towards their children for a while. We also observed that parents expect that it is the government that should play a pivotal role in the education of working children.

Contribution/ Originality
The paper is first of its kind where we have tried to investigate various issues of child labour from the main actors who are actually taking the decision of their children whether they should work or join the school. We find even though majority of parents are altruistic towards their children but due to certain socio economic circumstances they are forced to engage their young blood in the labour market. If these families will be financially supported equal to what their children are earning from labour market they are ready to enrol their wards in schools and in this way the child labour problem in the study area will be reduced.



  1. Kehily, M.J., 2008. The future of childhood: Crisis, cyclical concern or accommodation? In Kehily, M.J. (Eds.). An introduction to childhood studies. 2nd Edn., Maidenhead: Open University Press/McGraw Hill.
  2. Nengroo, A., B. Khan and A.S. Bhat, 2012. Child labor in the carpet industry of Kashmir-an empirical study. Germany: Lambert Academic Publishing.
  3. Nengroo, A.H., B.A. Khan and A.S. Bhat, 2011. An empirical analysis of the child labor in the carpet industry of Kashmir: Some major findings. Journal of Education and Practice, 2(4): 66-72.
  4. Sanon, C.S., 1998. Working children: A sociological analysis. New Delhi: APH Publishing.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Opinion of Parents about Child Labour and Their Education – A Study
( 4 ) Perception of Professional Accountants about the Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Auditing Industry of Bangladesh
( 6 ) Child Support Enforcement and Infants Health Outcomes
( 7 ) Income Shocks and Child Mortality Rates: Evidence from Fluctuations in Oil Prices
( 8 ) Sustainability of Healthy Nutritional Policy Interventions for School Children: A Case Study of Mid-Day Meal Scheme in Odisha, India
( 9 ) Impact of Labour, Capital and Human Resources in Productivity of Transport Firms in Nigeria
( 11 ) The Roles of Labour Union in Nigeria Industrial Harmony and Development
( 13 ) The Indirect Impact of Overconfidence on the Performance of Tunisian Firms Through their Financing Structure
( 14 ) The Problem of Distribution of Food Products and their Influence on the Decision of Purchasing in the Consumer a Case Study of Milk Products in the South, Algeria
( 15 ) Relational Capabilities under Moderating and Mediating Effects to Understand their Impacts on Firm Financial Performance
( 16 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 17 ) Promoting Entrepreneurship through Open and Distance Education in Zimbabwe. A Case Study of the Zimbabwe Open University Students at Masvingo Regional Campus
( 18 ) Ensuring Quality Provision of Education for All: Discovering Challenges Faced by Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Regular Primary Schools in Masvingo District
( 20 ) Measuring the Gap Between the Syrian Accounting Qualifications and the International Accounting Education Based on IES 2 and IES 3
( 21 ) Education and Income Relationship in Turkey
( 22 ) The Effect of Access and Quality of Education on Economic Development in Botswana
( 23 ) A Review of Cross Border Higher Education in Africa: Focus on Graduate Level Training in Engineering and Technology
( 24 ) A Factor Analysis Approach Towards a Study of the Factors Affecting Students’ Choice of Higher Education Institution: A Case Study of a Private Institution (Twintech International University College of Technology)
( 25 ) Panel Data Analysis of the Impact of Economic Freedom as Well as Economic Conditions, The Quality of Life, and Public Education Spending on U.S. Undocumented Immigrant Settlement Patterns
( 26 ) Likely Effect of Gender and Education on Information Adoption and Utilization among Sugarcane Farmers in the Nyanza Region, Kenya
( 27 ) Fertility, Education, Labor Force Outcomes, and Cultural Acculturation of Immigrants
( 28 ) Driving Role of Institutional Investors in the Indian Stock Market in Short and Long-Run – An Empirical Study
( 29 ) Challenges of Human Rights Abuses in Nigerian Democratic Governance – Which Way Forward ?
( 30 ) The Association Between Corporate Risk Disclosure and Firm Performance in Emerging Country – The Case of Egypt
( 31 ) The Potential of Rural–Urban Linkages for Sustainable Development and Trade
( 32 ) The Total Factor Productivity of Libyan Banks, 2004 – 2010
( 33 ) Organisational Politics – Causes and Effects on Organisation and Employees
( 35 ) An Assessment of the Relationship between Budget Deficit Syndrome and Consumer Welfare in Nigeria (1985 – 2014)
( 36 ) Causal Relationship between Imports and Economic Growth in Zimbabwe: An Empirical Analysis 1975 – 2013
( 37 ) Measuring Efficiency in Banks: A Brief Survey on Non – Parametric Technique (Data Envelopment Analysis)
( 38 ) Determining Rural Poverty in Manga Del Cura – Ecuador Non Delimited Zone
( 39 ) Examining Long Run Relationship between Household Debt and Household Savings in South Africa – An Error Correction Model and Granger Causality
( 40 ) German Exports, Economic Growth and Foreign Demand: An Analysis of the Period 2000–2017
( 41 ) The Promise and Reality of Public Sector Reform – A Case Study of the Implementation of Trinidad and Tobagos Health Sector Reform
( 42 ) Interest Rate–Economic Growth Nexus Under Currency Board Operations
( 43 ) Study on Environment and Energy Using Belonging Materials
( 44 ) Kashmir Peasant Economy under Dogra’s: A Case Study of Agrarian Produce and Livestock 1885-1925 A.D
( 47 ) Geographical Starting Points the Analysis of Current Rural Problems in Montenegro: Case Study of Rural Local Community Kralje
( 48 ) Study of the Relationship between Economic Growth and Inflation: Application to the Countries of the South Side of the Mediterranean: A Panel Data Approach
( 49 ) A Study of Transnational and Transformation Leadership Styles and Factors Affect The Leadership Style
( 50 ) Impact of Microfinance Lending On Economic Growth of Third world Nations: Study of Nigeria
( 51 ) The Recruitment of Migrant Workers in the Food Service Industry in Malaysia. A Study of Old Town White Coffee and Pappa Rich Kopitiam
( 52 ) Challenges and Survival Strategies for Women in Small Scale Catering Business: A Case Study of Siyaso Magaba, Mbare
( 53 ) A Mixed-Methods Study to Explore Stage of Readiness and Intention of Micro and Small Enterprises to Adopt Mobile Money in Indonesia
( 54 ) Attributes Influencing Strategic Alignment in the Service Sector: An Indonesian Banking Sector Case Study
( 55 ) Micro-Credits and Poverty Reduction in Dar-Es-Salaam, Tanzania: A Case Study of Dar-Es-Salaam Commercial Bank
( 56 ) An Assessment of the Impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) On the Administration of Public Records: A Case Study of the Bolgatanga Municipal Assembly in the Upper East Region of Ghana-West Africa
( 57 ) The Mediating Effect of Market Orientation on the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation Dimensions and Organizational Performance: A Study on Banks in Libya
( 59 ) Measuring the Quality of Islamic Banks Services and Its Impact on Customers Satisfaction A Survey Study on the Islamic Banks Customers in Lattakia-Syria
( 60 ) The Internal Branding Process: Customer Reprofiling and Brand Positioning (Empirical Study on Traditional Snack Food in Bandung-Indonesia)
( 61 ) Managerial Judgement Versus Financial Techniques in Strategic Investment Decisions: An Empirical Study on the Syrian Coastal Region Firms
( 62 ) Confirming the Mediation Effect of A Structural Model By Using Bootstrap Approach: A Case Study of Malaysian 8th Grade Students’ Mathematics Achievement
( 63 ) Studying the Integration of Damascus Securities Exchange with Selected Stock Markets
( 64 ) Market Share and Profitability Relationship: A Study of the Banking Sector in Nigeria
( 65 ) The Effect of Public Debt on Domestic Product and Unemployment (An Empirical Study on the Palestinian Economy)
( 66 ) A Theoretical Analysis Upon the Environmental Health and Justice Issue: A Case Study for a Comparison Between G20s Unitary and Federal Members
( 68 ) Effects of Environmental Satisfaction on Family Displacement Case Study: Gohar Dasht Region, Karaj City
( 69 ) Measuring the Quality of Health Services in Lattakia Province Patients' Perspective (Field Study of Health Centers in Jableh City)
( 70 ) Rice Farmer and Capital Formation: A Case Study of Rice Farmer's Credit Cooperative in Itoikin, Ikosi-Ejirin LCDA, Lagos State
( 71 ) Internationalization of State Multilatinas: A Multi-Case Study in The Oil Sector
( 72 ) Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa
( 73 ) A Case Study of Local Government Implementation of the Ward Based Local Economic Development (LED) Program
( 74 ) Under-Utilization of Female Capital: A Quantitative Study in Pakistani Perspective
( 75 ) Does Gold Price Lead or Lags Islamic Stock Market and Strategy Commodity Price? A Study from Malaysia
( 76 ) Investigate Airport Service Quality- A Case Study of Airports in Shanghai
( 77 ) The Impact of Organisational Culture on Public Sector Performance: A Case Study of Local Authorities in Zimbabwe
( 78 ) An Empirical Assessment of the Impact of Access to Credit on Farm Output: A Case Study of Sefwi-Wiawso Municipality Ghana
( 79 ) Determinants of Banks Profitability & Liquidity and the Role of BASEL III in Islamic & Conventional Banking Sector of Pakistan: A Case Study of NBP
( 80 ) Study on the Effect of Foreign Investment on Anhuis Industrial Structure Optimization
( 81 ) Rethinking Port Role as Transport Corridor under Symbiosis Theory-Case Study of China-Europe Trade Transportation
( 82 ) Analysis of Traffic Accident Occurrence at Hazardous Road Locations: A Case Study in Tunisia
( 83 ) Efficiency of Microfinance (MF) Institutions in Bangladesh: A Study on Top 10 MF Institutions
( 84 ) The Effects of Macroeconomic Variables on Bank Default: A Case Study in Brazil
( 85 ) Factors Affecting the Capital Structure of the Textile Industry in Bangladesh: An Inferential Study
( 86 ) Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure in Indonesia: A Bibliographic Study
( 87 ) Drivers Behind the Financial Insolvency: An Empirical Study on the Textile Industry in Bangladesh