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The Impact of Covid-19 Pandemic on the Stock Market Performance: A Study on Dhaka Stock Exchange (DSE)

Tarik Hossain

,

Taslimun Nesa

,

Md. Shaikh Ud Dowla

,

Farjana Akter

Tarik Hossain 1

Taslimun Nesa 2

Md. Shaikh Ud Dowla 3 Farjana Akter 3 

  1. Associate Professor, Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Comilla University, Bangladesh. 1

  2. Assistant Commissioner (Land) & Executive Magistrate, People’s Republic of Bangladesh. 2

  3. MBA, Department of Accounting and Information Systems, Comilla University, Bangladesh. 3

Pages: 390-408

DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2021.85.390.408

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Article History:

Received: 17 May, 2021
Revised: 27 August, 2021
Accepted: 20 September, 2021
Published: 18 October, 2021


Abstract:

The endemic of the COVID-19 pandemic caused by coronavirus has stroked everywhere of the world, including capital markets. This research intends to examine the effect of the COVID-19 pandemic on the performance of stock markets of Bangladesh. For this purpose, daily panel data from March 01, 2020, to June 27, 2021, a total number of 286 days’ data have been used. The influence of Covid-19 on the DSE has been quantified by regression analysis using DSE indexes like DSEX and DSE30 as the dependent variables. Daily new confirmed cases and deaths of the world and Bangladesh, lockdown imposed in Bangladesh are used as the independent variables. Inflation rate, bank rate, interest rate of deposit, interest rate of loan and advance, exchange rate, and gold price are used as the control variables. The study found an alarming impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on the stock market indexes of DSE. The daily new confirmed cases of the world and Bangladesh, Bank rate, inflation rate, interest rate of deposit has a significant negative impact on the DSE indices, while the daily deaths in the world and Bangladesh, interest rate of loan and advance, and gold price has a significant positive relationship with DSE indices. This study also found that lockdown imposed in Bangladesh for controlling the Covid-19 is significant negatively related with DSEX index and significant positively related with DSE30 index. The recommendations will help the investors, policymakers, regulatory authority, and governments to make proper decisions for combating the pandemic crisis.
Contribution/ Originality
This research is one of the few crucial pieces of research determining the impacts of the Covid-19 pandemic on the capital market in Bangladesh. This research is one of the fundamental researches of a developing country that uses the Covid-19 information of the world and Bangladesh.

Keywords:

Covid-19, Pandemic, Impact, Lockdown, Inflation rate, Interest rate, Bank Rate, Exchange rate , Performance, Dhaka stock exchange (DSE).

Reference:


Statistics:

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Funding:

This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Acknowledgement:

All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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