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Trade Union Performance and Industrial Relations Climate in the Nigerian Petroleum Sector

Okoli Ifeanyi Emmanuel


Anugwu Clara Chika


Okolocha Chizoba Bonaventure

Okoli Ifeanyi Emmanuel 1 ,

Anugwu Clara Chika 1 Okolocha Chizoba Bonaventure 1 
  1. Lecturer, Department of Entrepreneurial Studies, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Anambra State, Nigeria. 1

Pages: 42-56

DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2020.71.42.56

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Article History:

Received: 05 November, 2019
Revised: 10 December, 2019
Accepted: 13 January, 2020
Published: 20 February, 2020


This study explores the relationships between the variables of industrial relations climate as well as the performance of trade union in selected petroleum companies in Nigeria. The study adopted a cross-sectional research design. A total of 361 copies of the feedback forms were administered to the workers of the selected petroleum companies revealed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange, but a total of 350 copies of questionnaire were completed and appropriately returned. The study used correlation analysis along with T-test analysis for data analysis. In the first hypothesis, the correlation analysis reveal a significant positive relationship between integrative bargaining and the four magnitude of the industrial relations climate (harmony, openness, hostility in addition to apathy) in the Nigerian petroleum sector, while a negative relationship between integrative bargaining with promptness is present. In the second hypothesis, the correlation analysis shows that leadership behaviour has a significant positive relationship involving the dimensions of industrial relations climate (harmony, openness, hostility and apathy), while a negative relationship linking leadership behavior along with the promptness is present. The third hypothesis shows that harmony, openness, apathy and promptness have a positive control on the union density, while hostility has a negative influence on the union density. The study recommends that management should respect the rights of workers and employees and their unions should take note of employers' prerogatives. In the spirit of industrial harmony, social dialogue and collective bargaining must be supported by facts and figures to avoid adversarial and confrontations between unions and management.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes in the existing literature by examining the influence of the trade union performance on industrial relations climate in Nigerian petroleum sector. The paper’s primary contribution is to investigate the relationships between the variables of trade union performance and variables of industrial relations climate.


Trade union, Industrial relations climate, Performance, Collective bargaining, Social exchange theory.



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