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Internationalization of State Multilatinas: A Multi-Case Study in The Oil Sector

Jose Satsumi Lopez-Morales


Alejandro Roberto Gonzalez-Barragan


Andres Maldonado-de Luna


Eduardo Antonio Velez-De Alba


Jose Roberto Muller-Jasso

Jose Satsumi Lopez-Morales 1

Alejandro Roberto Gonzalez-Barragan 2 Andres Maldonado-de Luna 2 Eduardo Antonio Velez-De Alba 2 Jose Roberto Muller-Jasso 2 ,

  1. Visiting Professor UDEM Business School Universidad de Monterrey, Mexico 1

  2. International Business Student UDEM Business School Universidad de Monterrey, Mexico 2

Pages: 65-81

DOI: 10.18488/journal.62.2017.44.65.81

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Article History:

Received: 17 April, 2017
Revised: 18 May, 2017
Accepted: 20 June, 2017
Published: 21 July, 2017


In general the study of internationalization process of companies from Latin America is scarce compared with companies from Europe and USA. Likewise the study of state ownership in the region is scarce. In this regard, the main aim of this paper is analyze the internationalization patterns of the main state multilatinas: PEMEX (Mexico), PETROBRAS (Brazil) and PDVSA (Venezuela). Considering the interpretation of the main internationalization theories as: Eclectic paradigm and Uppsala model, a multi-case method was carried out in order to fulfill the purpose of this paper. The main results suggest an integrated operation, combined with innovation and technological development is used by the studied companies. Likewise, the three companies follow similar internationalization patterns as exports, joint ventures and foreign direct investment. The main difference is the place where they go abroad, PEMEX mainly focus its international operations in Europe and USA, PDVSA, go mainly USA and Asia and PETROBRAS go to Latin America and Africa.

Contribution/ Originality
The main contribution of this paper is analyzed the way that the State participates in the internationalization process in Latin America.


PEMEX ,PDVSA ,PETROBRAS, State multilatinas, Internationalization, Oil sector, Latin America.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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