Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Journal of Social Economics Research

December 2020, Volume 7, 2, pp 51-61

Perception of Professional Accountants about the Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Auditing Industry of Bangladesh

Dilruba Afroze


Anisha Aulad

Dilruba Afroze 1

Anisha Aulad 2

  1. Lecturer, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, Faculty of Business Studies, Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP), Dhaka, Bangladesh. 1

  2. Student, Department of Accounting & Information Systems, Faculty of Business Studies, Bangladesh University of Professionals (BUP), Dhaka, Bangladesh. 2

Pages: 51-61

DOI: 10.18488/journal.35.2020.72.51.61

Share :

Article History:

Received: 19 March, 2020
Revised: 27 April, 2020
Accepted: 29 May, 2020
Published: 24 June, 2020


Globalization and frequent evolution of technology keeps putting pressure on professionals mastered in different fields which does not leave accountants and auditing professionals behind. With frequent adoption of modern technologies like AI, it has become incumbent on every professional to adopt and regularize the use of such technologies in respective fields. Accounting and auditing, previously a tedious work, has become faster and easier through technologies like knowledge based systems. Although the concept of AI is relatively new in the world of accounting, it is being used extensively by some firms and practitioners and continues to evolve its ways. However, within the context of Bangladesh, the application of AI is still in its infant’s stage. This study aims at exploring the perceptions of accounting professionals about the application of AI in their profession. Respondents of this study are audit practitioners employed in different auditing firms across Dhaka city. We have collected data through five point Likert scale and a questionnaire survey. We have found a variety of perceptions about this technology from the practitioner’s. Result indicates that professionals in Bangladesh still are not fully aware of AI use in auditing. Certain problems like incurrence of huge cost, lack of information security and unsecured jobs create hindrance for AI to get rooted in the auditing industry of Bangladesh.
Contribution/ Originality
This study documents the perceptions of professionals about use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the accounting and auditing industry of developing country such as Bangladesh. It finds that there is an unexplored and untapped market for AI in Bangladesh, which can be utilized if proper policy is taken by authorities.


Artificial Intelligence, Auditing Industry, Bangladesh, Professional Accountants, Transparency, Big data, Technology.


Askary, S., Abu-Ghazaleh, N., & Tahat, Y. (2018). Artificial intelligence and reliability of accounting information. Paper presented at the 17th IFIP WG 6.11 Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society, I3E 2018, Kuwait City, Kuwait, October 30 – November 1, 2018, Proceedings. 10.1007/978-3-030-02131-3_28.

Ata, H. A., & Seyrek, I. H. (2009). The use of data mining techniques in detecting fraudulent financial statements: An application on manufacturing firms. Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Faculty of Economics & Administrative Sciences, 14(2), 157-170.

Baldwin, A. A., Brown, C. E., & Trinkle, B. S. (2006). Opportunities for artificial intelligence development in the accounting domain: The case for auditing. Intelligent Systems in Accounting, Finance & Management: International Journal, 14(3), 77-86.Available at:

Brown, C. E., & Murphy, D. S. (1990). The use of auditing expert systems in public accounting. Journal of Information Systems, 4(3), 63-72.

Chan, D. Y., & Vasarhelyi, M. A. (2011). Innovation and practice of continuous auditing. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems, 12(2), 152-160.

Dörnyei, Z. (2007). Research methods in applied linguistics. New York: Oxford University Press.

Dungan, C. W., & Chandler, J. S. (1985). Auditor: A microcomputer-based expert system to support auditors in the field. Expert Systems, 2(4), 210-221.Available at:

Flowerday, S., Blundell, A., & Von Solms, R. (2006). Continuous auditing technologies and models: A discussion. Computers & Security, 25(5), 325-331.Available at:

Green, B. P., & Choi, J. H. (1997). Assessing the risk of management fraud through neural network technology. Auditing Journal of Practice & Theory, 16(1), 14-28.

Hunton, J. E., & Rose, J. M. (2010). 21st century auditing: Advancing decision support systems to achieve continuous auditing. Accounting Horizons, 24(2), 297–312.Available at:

Huq, S. M. U. (2014). The role of Artificial intelligence in the development of accounting systems: A review. IUP Journal of Accounting Research & Audit Practices, 13(2), 7-19.

Issa, H., Sun, T., & Vasarhelyi, M. A. (2016). Research ideas for artificial intelligence in auditing: The formalization of audit and workforce supplementation. Journal of Emerging Technologies in Accounting, 13(2), 1-20.Available at:

Kanatov, M., Atymtayeva, L., & Yagaliyeva, B. (2014). Expert systems for information security management and audit. Implementation phase issues. Paper presented at the 2014 Joint 7th International Conference on Soft Computing and Intelligent Systems (SCIS) and 15th International Symposium on Advanced Intelligent Systems (ISIS), Kitakyushu, 2014.

Lee, Y.-C., Hsiao, Y.-C., Peng, C.-F., Tsai, S.-B., Wu, C.-H., & Chen, Q. (2015). Using mahalanobis–taguchi system, logistic regression, and neural network method to evaluate purchasing audit quality. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture, 229(1_suppl), 3-12.

Malhotra, Y., & Galletta, D. F. (1999). Extending the technology acceptance model to account for social influence: Theoretical bases and empirical validation. Paper presented at the In Proceedings of the 32nd Annual Hawaii International Conference on Systems Sciences. 1999. HICSS-32. Abstracts and CD-ROM of Full Papers. IEEE.

Moffitt, K. C., Rozario, A. M., & Vasarhelyi, M. A. (2018). Robotic process automation for auditing. Journal of Emerging Technologies in Accounting, 15(1), 1-10.

O'Leary, D. E., & Watkins, P. R. (1989). Review of expert systems in auditing. EXPERT System Review, 2(1), 3-22.

Omoteso, K. (2012). The application of artificial intelligence in auditing: Looking back to the future. Expert Systems with Applications, 39(9), 8490-8495.Available at:

Saleiro, P., Kuester, B., Hinkson, L., London, J., Stevens, A., Anisfeld, A., & Ghani, R. (2018). Aequitas: A bias and fairness audit toolkit (pp. 4-14). Chicago, IL 60637, USA: Center for Data Science and Public Policy University of Chicago.

Shi, G., Ma, Z., Feng, J., Zhu, F., Bai, X., & Gui, B. (2020). The impact of knowledge transfer performance on the artificial intelligence industry innovation network: An empirical study of Chinese firms. PLoS ONE, 15(5), e0232658.Available at:

Wu, R. C. F. (1994). Integrating neurocomputing and auditing expertise. Managerial Auditing Journal, 9(3), 20-26.

Zhao, N., Yen, D. C., & Chang, I. C. (2004). Auditing in the e-commerce era. Information Management & Computer Security, 12, 389-400.


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

Related Article

( 1 ) Awareness and Perception of Muslim Consumers on Halal Cosmetics and Personal Care Products
( 2 ) Managing Public Perception towards Local Government Administration
( 3 ) Perception of Professional Accountants about the Application of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Auditing Industry of Bangladesh
( 4 ) Differences in Business Ethics Perception: A Developing Country Perspective
( 5 ) What Explains the Overwhelmingly Positive Perception towards Microfinance Institutions? Application of Firth’s Logistic Regression in a Small Sample
( 6 ) Analysis of Demographic Factors on Perceptions of Inventory Managers towards Healthcare Performance
( 7 ) The Mediating Effect of Financial Self-Efficacy on the Financial Literacy-Behavior Relationship: A Case of Generation Y Professionals
( 9 ) Financial Literacy of Young Professionals in the Context of Financial Technology Developments in Mauritius
( 10 ) Implications of Accountants Unethical Behavior and Corporate Failures
( 12 ) Opinion of Parents about Child Labour and Their Education – A Study
( 14 ) Contemporary Approach to Enhanced Road Transport System in Nigeria Through the Application of It-Based (Online) Bus Ticketing and Payment System
( 15 ) Study of the Relationship between Economic Growth and Inflation: Application to the Countries of the South Side of the Mediterranean: A Panel Data Approach
( 16 ) A Negative Rational Pigs Game and its Applications to Website Management
( 17 ) Construction and Application of Water Resource Accounting Information System in Taiwan
( 18 ) Satisfaction with Applications Fuels the Growth of Mobile Wallet Use in Thailand
( 19 ) Estimating the Economic Determinants of Technical Efficiency of Bioenergy in EU-28: An Application of Tobit Analysis
( 22 ) Research on the Construction and Application of Chinese Enterprises Overseas Port Investment Confidence Index Based on D-S Evidence Theory
( 24 ) Cross-Cultural Leadership Intelligence: Recommendations for Kenya
( 26 ) The Role of Emotional Intelligence in Project Success, Mediated by the Management of Conflict, Communication and Trust
( 28 ) Auditing Procedures and Process in the Public Sector
( 29 ) Fraud Auditing Law Implications in the Case of Jiwasraya Insurance in Indonesia
( 30 ) The Relationship between Creative Accounting Risks and Auditing Risks from the Perspective of External Auditors in Saudi Arabia
( 32 ) Improved Performance Through Empowerment of Small Industry
( 33 ) The Recruitment of Migrant Workers in the Food Service Industry in Malaysia. A Study of Old Town White Coffee and Pappa Rich Kopitiam
( 34 ) Factors Impacting on SMEs Internationalization: Dairy Industry in Zimbabwe
( 35 ) Measuring and Assessing the State of Technological Innovations and the Level of Interaction between Rice Processors and Stakeholders in Rice Processing Industry in Nigeria
( 36 ) Intention to Use E-Recruitment System: Empirical Evidence from Jobseekers in the Advertising Industry in Malaysia
( 37 ) Decision-Making on Working Capital Management, Based on Industry Differences
( 38 ) Factors Influencing Human Capital in Ready Made Garments Industry in Bangladesh
( 39 ) Factors Influencing on Human Resources Development in SMEs Service Enterprises in Industry 4.0: The Case of Thai Nguyen Province, Vietnam
( 41 ) Factors Affecting the Capital Structure of the Textile Industry in Bangladesh: An Inferential Study
( 42 ) Drivers Behind the Financial Insolvency: An Empirical Study on the Textile Industry in Bangladesh
( 43 ) Determinants of Firm Profitability: Evidences from Bangladeshi Manufacturing Industry
( 44 ) Financial Risks in Turkish Banking Industry: A Panel Data Analaysis on Istanbul Stock Exchange
( 45 ) Contribution of Ready-Made Garments Industry on the Economic Development of Bangladesh: An Empirical Analysis
( 46 ) Determinant of Indonesian Plantation Industry Investment ERA 4.0
( 47 ) Brexit Calling! Aftermath in the Pharmaceutical Industry
( 48 ) The Nexus between Urbanization, Energy Demand and Healthcare in Bangladesh
( 49 ) Forecasting Prices of Three Important Agricultural Crops in Bangladesh