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Journal of Social Economics Research

September 2014, Volume 1, 9, pp 198-213

Social Security; A Public Policy for Good Governance in Nigeria: The Role of Nigerian Legislature

Emeh, Ikechukwu Eke-Jeffry

Emeh, Ikechukwu Eke-Jeffry 1

  1. Department Of Public Administration, University Of Nigeria, Nsukka 1


The ability of any country to consistently improve her economic growth and development depends on good governance embedded in well-structured and diligently implemented public policies developed by officials within institutions of government to address public issues through the political process, called legislation. These officials, in Nigeria are the legislators, who are faced with the situation of jointly identifying a desirable future condition, creating policies and taking actions to move towards the desired future state; monitoring progress to allow for necessary adjustments; adjustments that will lead to that desired future state. That desired future state is the whole essence of governance. But in Nigeria today, especially since the upsurge of perennial and escalating unemployment, the lawmaking body of the nation cannot be said to have jointly identified the Nigerian problems, enacted policies that will ensure good governance in the country. Finding the reason for such inadequacies and the way forward is the thrust of this paper, as it x-rays the role of the Nigerian legislature in enacting social security policies for the unemployed and aged Nigerians for attainment of good governance where poverty, hunger, destitution and unemployment are eradicated.
Contribution/ Originality
While social security has overtime been relegated to the background by the Nigerian government, Nigerians have learnt to fend for themselves to avert the usual heartbreak that occasions expectations from the government. What is more is the fact that unemployment and Nigerian youths/graduates are intertwined as there is  no mentioning of either of them without recourse to the other. Clearly, the government has lost touch with the reality on how to solve this social problem.  This paper therefore calls for social security as a panacea to the social and economic insecurities that have bedeviled Nigeria, as asserted by Prof. Ben Nwabuze in 1989 that the abandonment of social security is the reason for any threat that Nigeria is facing when iterating that the wantonness with which state security is pursued in place of social security is the real cause of social insecurity necessitated by economic insecurity.



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  15. Ogundiya, I.S., 2010. Democracy and good governance: Nigeria’s dilemma. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 4(6): 201-208. Available from [Accessed June 2010].
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