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The Economics and Finance Letters

December 2021, Volume 8, 2, pp 190-200

Investigating the Nexus among Poverty Alleviation, Unemployment, and Economic Development in Nigeria

Salam, Najeem Gbadebo


Alase, Gbenga Ayofe


Lamidi, Sikiru Olatunji


Tonuchi, Emmanuel Joseph

Salam, Najeem Gbadebo 1 Alase, Gbenga Ayofe 1 Lamidi, Sikiru Olatunji 1 Tonuchi, Emmanuel Joseph 4

  1. Department of Statistics, Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Statistics, Central Bank of Nigeria, Abuja; Department of Economics, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria. 4

Pages: 190-200

DOI: 10.18488/journal.29.2021.82.190.200

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Article History:

Received: 17 February, 2021
Revised: 22 March, 2021
Accepted: 26 April, 2021
Published: 24 May, 2021


The purpose of this study is to investigate the existing relationship between poverty alleviation programmes, unemployment, and economic development in Nigeria. Specifically, the study employed the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) cointegration technique and Vector Autoregression (VAR) model to estimate the existing relationship between the variables, using time series data from the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). The findings revealed that poverty alleviation programmes have a significant positive impact on economic development in Nigeria, while unemployment has a significant negative impact on economic development in Nigeria within the period under review. It was also revealed that poverty alleviation programmes granger causes economic development, but economic development does not granger cause poverty alleviation programmes as expected. However, unemployment and economic development granger cause each other as expected. The study, therefore, concludes that any policy aimed at addressing poverty and unemployment, if properly formulated and executed, will promote sustainable economic development in Nigeria.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributes to the first approach in determining whether economic development granger causes poverty alleviation programmes since it has been established in literature that poverty alleviation programmes are common in developing countries.


ARDL, Economic development, Nigeria, Poverty, Poverty alleviation programmes unemployment.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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