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The Economics and Finance Letters

June 2019, Volume 6, 2, pp 120-133

The Mediating Effect of Financial Self-Efficacy on the Financial Literacy-Behavior Relationship: A Case of Generation Y Professionals

Dipendra Singh


Albert A. Barreda


Yoshimasa Kageyama


Nripendra Singh

Dipendra Singh 1
Albert A. Barreda 2

Yoshimasa Kageyama 3
Nripendra Singh 4

  1. Associate Professor Rosen College of Hospitality Management University of Central Florida Florida, FL, USA. 1

  2. Assistant Professor Hospitality Leadership Missouri State University Springfield, MO, USA 2

  3. Assistant Professor Hospitality Leadership Missouri State University Springfield, MO, USA. 3

  4. Professor of Marketing College of Business Administration and Information Sciences Clarion University of Pennsylvania Clarion, PA, USA. 4

Pages: 120-133

DOI: 10.18488/journal.29.2019.62.120.133

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Article History:

Received: 12 March, 2019
Revised: 18 April, 2019
Accepted: 29 May, 2019
Published: 09 August, 2019


A comprehensive financial literacy questionnaire surveyed prospective psychological constructs as antecedents (financial literacy, economic perception, financial self-confidence, financial behavior, and personal financial performance) of applying financial self-efficacy in a large sample of working students in the hospitality and tourism industry. It is expected that financial literacy and economic perception are key antecedents of financial self-efficacy, which in turns may influence financial behaviors and personal financial performance in shaping a working student’s future skills for designing effective financial plans. For this purpose, the structural equations model was empirically tested. Moreover, the mediating indirect effects of financial self-efficacy in the relationships between financial literacy and economic environment on financial behavior and financial performance were tested through a two-phase methodological analysis. This study contributes to the literature by investigating the effects of financial self-efficacy, financial literacy and economic perception on personal financial behavior. The significance of the contribution is to propose and examine empirically a theory-based model of financial self-efficacy and financial behavior-performance in a service context among Generation Yers.
Contribution/ Originality
The financial efficacy model presented is applicable to different contexts, while the significant power of economic perception and financial knowledge shapes the formation of an adequate financial behavior and performance. This research not only tests the direct relationship of the constructs but also test the mediating power of financial self-efficacy.


Generation Y, Financial behavior, Financial self-efficacy, Financial literacy, Financial performance, Economic perception, Hospitality.




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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


All authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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( 424 ) Awareness on Air Pollution and Risk Preparedness among Residents in Kigali City of Rwanda
( 425 ) The Nexus between Urbanization, Energy Demand and Healthcare in Bangladesh
( 426 ) An Analysis of Chinas Poverty Research Based on CiteSpace
( 427 ) Forecasting Equity Index Volatility: Empirical Evidence from Japan, UK and USA Data
( 428 ) Intention to Use E-Recruitment System: Empirical Evidence from Jobseekers in the Advertising Industry in Malaysia
( 429 ) Disaggregated Foreign Capital Inflows and Economic Growth in a Developing Economy: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 430 ) Impact of Telecommunications Market Liberalization on Labor Productivity in Economic Community of West African States
( 431 ) Urban Population Growth and Environmental Sustainability in Nigeria
( 432 ) The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3
( 433 ) Assessment of Dual Carriageway for Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
( 434 ) Trade Policy and Democracy for Development in Central African Countries
( 435 ) Impact of Participatory Decision Making on Organisational Goal Attainment
( 436 ) Conceptualisation of Lack of Discipline and Probity as the Main Cause towards Good Governance Practice
( 437 ) Uncertainties in Global Economic Policy and Nigerias Export Earnings
( 438 ) Service Quality and Outpatients Satisfaction in Public Hospitals in Malaysia
( 439 ) Health Care Outcomes, Malnutrition and Food Security in Southern Africa Development Community: A Quantile Regression Approach
( 440 ) External Debt and Economic Growth: Two-Step System GMM Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa Countries
( 441 ) Decision-Making on Working Capital Management, Based on Industry Differences
( 443 ) An Entrepreneurship Research in Singapore: Basic Psychological Needs and Motivation
( 445 ) Sectoral Credit Allocation of Deposit Money Banks and Poverty Reduction in Nigeria
( 446 ) The Roles of Labour Union in Nigeria Industrial Harmony and Development
( 447 ) Foreign Direct Investment in Zimbabwe: The Role of Uncertainty, Exports, Cost of Capital, Corruption and Market Size
( 448 ) Profitability of Commercial Bank on Interest Rate Deregulation