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The Role of Women in Rural Development in Enugu State, Nigeria

Aguene, Ignatius Nnamdi

Aguene, Ignatius Nnamdi 1

  1. Senior Lecturer Department of Sociology/Psychology Godfrey Okoye University, Enugu, Nigeria. 1

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on PubMed

Pages: 135-153

DOI: 10.18488/journal.26.2020.92.135.153

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Article History:

Received: 04 August, 2020
Revised: 09 September, 2020
Accepted: 23 September, 2020
Published: 12 October, 2020


The study examined the implication of lack of women empowerment and non-membership of organization in rural development in Nigeria. Specifically, the study investigated whether empowering women economically can increase their participation in rural development and whether women who belong to organizations contribute more to rural development projects more than those who do not belong to organizations. The ex-post survey method was adopted and 17 Local Government Councils in Enugu State were sampled. The respondents include 507 females and 458 males who were purposively selected from the sample areas through a multi-state sampling technique. Structured questionnaire was administered to elicit the desired responses. Data collected were processed through an econometric method that involves descriptive and inferential statistics. Findings from the study showed that women’s rights much more than men’s are routinely ignored and infringed upon at different stages of their lives despite constitutional guarantees. The study found that awareness campaign was the most influential factor motivating women to participate in community development and therefore should be encouraged. The study also found that membership of co-operative societies was a mobilizing factor in community development. Based on these findings, the study recommended amongst others, that women education should be encouraged to empower more women to contribute to rural development in Nigeria.
Contribution/ Originality
This study is one of very few studies which have investigated the implication of women empowerment and membership of women organizations and cooperatives in rural development in Nigeria. The study provides empirical evidence that empowering women through education and membership of women organizations will enable them contribute more to rural development.


Role of women, Membership of corporative, organization, Women empowerment, Gender discrimination, Women education.


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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The author declares that there are no conflicts of interests regarding the publication of this paper.


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