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Developing a Conceptual Model for Antecedents of Resistance to Change towards Sustainable Construction Practices

Peter Uchenna Okoye


Isaac Abiodun Odesola

Peter Uchenna Okoye 1

Isaac Abiodun Odesola 2

  1. Department of Building, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. 1

  2. Department of Building, University of Uyo, Uyo Nigeria. 2

Pages: 72-90

DOI: 10.18488/journal.26.2020.91.72.90

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Article History:

Received: 15 April, 2020
Revised: 18 May, 2020
Accepted: 22 June, 2020
Published: 06 July, 2020


This study developed a conceptual model of antecedents of resistance to change behaviours among construction professionals and contractors towards sustainable construction practices in Nigeria. Survey data gathered through a questionnaire were analysed with the aid of Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS) Software. Pearson Product Moment Correlation (r) and correlation significance test results revealed that human (r=0.973; p<.05), industry (r=0.996; p<.05), environment (r=0.984; p<.05), and policy (r=0.932; p<.05) factors were very strongly positively associated with resistance to change behaviours. Subsequently, a conceptual model of antecedents of resistance to change behaviours towards sustainable construction practices in Nigeria was empirically established. The correlation coefficient of determination result revealed that the direct effects of the conceptual model accounted for 94.67% of the variance in human factors, 99.20% of the variance in industry factors, 96.83% of the variance in environment factors, and 86.86% of the variance in policy factors. This suggested that professionals and contractors’ responses to change and resistance to change behaviours are accounting for a substantial proportion of the variance in any effort towards implementation of sustainable construction practices in Nigeria. Furthermore, this study highlighted the importance of multi-dimensionality of resistance to change and suggested that construction stakeholders should take note of these factors instead of general assumption where people tend to make judgments, based on observable behaviours. Finally, it recommended for rejuvenation of construction industry policies and integration of these factors that trigger behavioural resistance by the professionals and contractors in the sustainable construction practices policy intervention in Nigeria.
Contribution/ Originality
This study contributed to the emerging literature on rethinking the resistance to change behaviours of construction stakeholders from different perspectives, and particularly sustainable construction practices in Nigeria through empirical evidence based on conceptual model. It also provided theoretical support to antecedents of resistance to change behaviour towards sustainable construction practices.


Behavioural responses, Conceptual model, Construction practices, Construction stakeholder, Resistance to change, Sustainability.



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This study received no specific financial support.

Competing Interests:

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.


Both authors contributed equally to the conception and design of the study.

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