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The Impact of Rice Production, Consumption and Importation in Nigeria: The Political Economy Perspectives

Terwase, Isaac Terungwa


Madu, Abdulrazak Yuguda

Terwase, Isaac Terungwa 1
Madu, Abdulrazak Yuguda 2

  1. Ghazali Shafie Graduate School of Government, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia 1

  2. GhazaliShafie Graduate School of Government, College of Law, Government and International Studies, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah, Malaysia 2


Nigeria’s population is estimated at 174, 507,539 with the annual growth rate of 2.54%. The country is endowed with enormous mineral and natural resources with vast land adjudged to be the most fertile and suitable for agriculture. Rice demand and consumption is high among its people irrespective of their region or culture. This paper attempts to investigate the level of the country’s production, consumption and importation of rice, with a view to establishing its impact on its economy and development. The methods adopted for obtaining data for the study were purely empirical and secondary. It was found amongst others that; while the level of production of rice is low, the consumption is high and its importation is highly inelastic. It was recommended that, deliberate attempts must be made by government in terms of policy to improve its agricultural base particularly in rice production not only as a substitute for its importation and domestic use, but export as well. This will go a long way in increasing foreign earnings, which can be replicated, and serve to complement the country’s economic growth and development.
Contribution/ Originality
i. This study contributes to the existing literatures on rice production and consumption in Nigeria on its development.
ii. It also contributes in unveiling the lopsidedness in Nigeria’s level of rice production with its domestic consumption and the high level of her dependency on rice importation as against export.



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  2. Akaeze, H.O., 2010. Consumer preference for imported rice in Nigeria-perceived quality differences or habit persistence? Thesis Submitted to Michigan State University for the Degree of Master of Science Agricultural, Food and Resource Economics, UMI Dissertation Publishing.
  3. Akpokodje, G., F. Lancon and O. Erenstein, 2001. Nigeria’s rice economy: State of the art, West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA) Bouake, Cote d’ Ivoire.
  4. Emodi, I.A. and M.U. Dimelu, 2011. Strategies for enhancing rice innovation system in Southeast Nigeria. British Journal of Management and Economics, 2(1): 1-12.
  5. Emodi, I.A. and M.C. Madukwe, 2008. A review of policies, acts and initiatives in rice innovation system in Nigeria. Journal of Agricultural Extension, 12(2): 76-83.
  6. Frederic, L., E. Ola, E. Akande, S.O. Titilola, G. Akpokoje and O.O. Ogundele, 2003. Imported rice retailing and purchasing in Nigeria: A survey, West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA) 2 Abidjan, Cote d’Ivoire.
  7. Index Mundi, 2014. Nigeria milled rice production by year, adapted from United States department of agriculture. Available from
  8. Index Mundi, 2014. Nigeria milled rice imports by year, adapted from United States department of agriculture. Available from
  9. Index Mundi, 2014. Nigeria milled rice exports by year, adapted from United States department of agriculture. Available from
  10. Index Mundi, 2014. Nigeria milled rice domestic consumption by year, adapted from United States department of agriculture. Available from
  11. Kebbeh, M., S. Haefele and S.O. Fagade, 2003. Challenges and opportunities for improving irrigated rice productivity in Nigeria. West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA) Bouake, Cote d’ Ivoire.
  12. Osagie, C., 2014. 2015 rice importation ban: Disregard US report, FG urged. Available from [Accessed 17/05/14].
  13. Rahji, M.A. and M.O. Adewumi, 2008. Market supply response and demand for local rice in Nigeria: Implications for self-sufficiency policy. Journal of Central European Agriculture, 9(3): 567-574.
  14. Udo, B., 2014. Confusion trails Nigeria’s rice policy, as Okonjo-Iweala. Adesina Express Divergent Views. Available from [Accessed 17/05/2014].


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