Contact Us

For Marketing, Sales and Subscriptions Inquiries
Rockefeller Center, 45 Rockefeller Plaza
20th Flr Unit #5, New York, NY 10111
United States

Conference List

Conceptual Framework of Green Infrastructure Performance Evaluation for Local Authority

Kamalludin Bilal


Hishammudin Mohd Ali


Ibrahim Sipan


Nurlaila Ali


Norwahidah Abas

Kamalludin Bilal 1

Hishammudin Mohd Ali 2 Ibrahim Sipan 2 Nurlaila Ali 2 Norwahidah Abas 5

  1. Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Parit Raja, BatuPahat, Johor DarulTa’zim, Malaysia 1

  2. Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bahru, Johor DarulTazim, Malaysia 2

  3. IPD Johor Bahru Selatan, Johor Bahru, Johor DarulTa’zim, Malaysia 5


Green infrastructure planning has grown in prominence since it was first discussed in the late 1990’s.  Since the President’s Council on Sustainable Development discussed the concept researchers and academics from across the globe, though predominantly the UK, Western Europe and North America, have won the process.  Green infrastructure is an important trust in National Landscape Policy (NLP).  Malaysia is moving towards to a developed nation by the year 2020.  An environmental requirement should be take into accounts to emphasize to ensure the planned development.  The government to intensify efforts to raise awareness and participation in issues of global warming carries out efforts extensively, green technology is the discourse is often featured.  The preservation of green spaces in urban areas can function as recreational and social interaction areas in engaging the citizens who peaceful, harmonious, unified, and healthy.  However, the approach to Green Infrastructure in Malaysia is still at an early stage, but these efforts have actually started to walk among scholars and researchers to disentangle the appropriate method with the situation in Malaysia.  The purpose of this paper is to discuss a conceptual framework in order to bring the context of facility management.  This is also the way to get the performance evaluation for green infrastructure criteria for local authorities in Malaysia. 

Contribution/ Originality
This paper contributes an evaluation criteria and act as the fist logical analysis to produce green infrastructure framework.  At the end of this research, it will produce an evidence base to help tackle the priority issues in the construction industry in Malaysia.



  1. Adnan, M., 1998. Pengurusan dan penyelenggaraan pokok di bandar, kearahlandskap yang berfungsi. Kuala Lumpur: National Landskap Department.
  2. Atkin, B., 2003. Contracting out or managing services in-house. Nordic Journal of Surveying and Real Estate Research: Special Series, No.1.
  3. Babbie, E., 2007. The practice of social research. 11th Edn., Belmont, CA: Thompson, Wadsworth. pp:  89.
  4. Baum, K., 2003. Assessing group conflict: Understanding the line-staff relationship in fire service. In handbook of conflict management edited by W. Pammer and J. Killian. New York: Marcel Decker. pp: 129-135.
  5. Benedict, M.A. and E. McMohan, 2002. Green infrastructure: Smart conservation for the 21st century. Renewable Resources Journal, 20(3): 12-17.
  6. Brains, C., L. Willnat, J. Manheim and R. Rich, 2011. Empirical political analysis: Quantitative and qualitative research methods. New York: Longman. pp: 75-77.
  7. Carmona, M., T. Heath, T. Oc and S. Tiesdell, 2003. Public places urban spaces: The dimensions of urban design. Oxford: Architectural Press.
  8. Cheang, M., 2010. People need parks.The star. Available from [Accessed May 25, 2010].
  9. Hobbs, R. and D. Norton, 2006. Towards a conceptual framework for restoration ecology. Restoration Ecology, 4(2): 93-110.
  10. Jaworski, B., V. Stathakopoulos and H.S. Krishnan, 1993. Control combinations in marketing: Conceptual framework and empirical evidence. Journal of Marketing, 57(1): 57-69.
  11. Luken, R. and F. Van Rompaey, 2008. Drivers for any barriers to environmentally sound technology adoption by manufacturing plants in nine developing countries. Journal of Cleaner Production, 16(1): 67-77.
  12. MacDonald, J., W. Allen, M. Benedict and K. O'Connor, 2005. Green infrastructure plan evaluation frameworks. Journal of Conservation Palnning, 1(1): 12-43.
  13. MacMohan, E.T., 2000. Green infrastructure. Planning Commissioners Journals, 37: 4-7.
  14. Maruani, T. and I. Amit-Cohen, 2007. Open space planning models: A review of approaches and methods. Landscape and Urban Planning, 81(1-2): 1-13.
  15. Mazlina, M., 2011. Experintal contacts of residents with green infrastructure network in taiping. Doctor of philosophy. Skudai: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia.
  16. Mazlina, M., S. Ismail and M. Ismail, 2010. Experiential contacts with green infrastructure’s diversity and well-being of urban community. Asian Journal of Environment-Behaviour Studies, 3: 33-47.
  17. Mell, I.C., 2010. Green infrastructure: Concept, perceptions and its use in spatial planning. Doctor philosophy. New Castle, UK: School of Architecture, Planning and Landscape Newcastle University.
  18. National Landscape Department, 2011. National landscape policy. Kementerian Perumahan dan Kerajaan Tempatan.
  19. Nor Akmar, A.A., C.C. Konijnendijk, M. Streetheran and K. Nilsson, 2010. Green spaces and their planning and management in selected Malaysian cities. Doctor philosophy. University of Copenhagen.
  20. Ravitch and Riggan, 2012. Reason and rigor: How conceptual frameworks guide research. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  21. Rodman, H., 1980. Are conceptual frameworks necessary for theory building? The case of family sociology. The Sociological Quarterly, 21(3): 429-441.
  22. Shields, P., 1998. Pragmatism as a philosophy of science: A tool for public administration. Research in Public Administration, 4: 195-225.
  23. Shields, P. and T. Hassan, 2006. Intermediate theory: The missing link in successful student scholarship. Journal of Public Affairs Education, 12(3): 313-334.
  24. Shields, P. and N. Rangarjan, 2013. A playbook for research methods: Integrating conceptual frameworks and project management. Stillwater, OK: New Forums Press. pp:  24.
  25. Streetheran, M., A. Mohamad and A.R. Yaman, 2004. Green structure of Kuala Lumpur. Status Report. Kuala Lumpur.
  26. Streetheran, M., E. Philip, M. Adnan and M. Siti Zakiah, 2006. A historical perspective of urban tree planting in Malaysia. Unasylva, 223(57): 28-33.
  27. TEP, 2008. Towards a green infrastructure framework for greater for Greater Manchester.Report. Warrington: AGMA and Natural England.
  28. Tibbalds, F., 2001. Making people-friendly towns: Improving the public environment in towns and cities. London: Spon Press.
  29. Town and Country Planning Department, 2005. Open spaces in urban Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Federal Department of Town and Country Planning.Ministry of Housing and Local Government, Peninsular Malaysia.
  30. Town and Country Planning Department, 2006. National urbanization policy. Kuala Lumpur: Federal Department of Town and Country Planning, Ministry of Housing and Local Government, Peninsular Malaysia.
  31. Umberto, E., 1978. A theory of semiotics. Indiana University Press. pp: 310.
  32. Urban and Urban Fringe Policy Team, 2007. Green infrastructure and the urban Fringe: Learning lessons from the countryside in and around towns programme. United Kingdom: Natural England..


Google Scholor ideas Microsoft Academic Search bing Google Scholor


Competing Interests:


Related Article

( 1 ) Gaining Trust After the Financial Crisis in the Nigerian Economy: A Conceptual Framework
( 2 ) Conceptual Framework of Green Infrastructure Performance Evaluation for Local Authority
( 3 ) Conceptualisation of Lack of Discipline and Probity as the Main Cause towards Good Governance Practice
( 4 ) Developing a Conceptual Model for Antecedents of Resistance to Change towards Sustainable Construction Practices
( 7 ) Stock Market Performance and Economic Growth: Evidence from Nigeria Employing Vector Error Correction Model Framework
( 8 ) Analyzing the Financial Soundness of Kuwaiti Banks Using CAMELS Framework
( 9 ) International Financial Reporting Standards Adoption and Earnings Management: The Fundamental Effect Framework
( 10 ) A Review on Criteria for Green Infrastructure to be Adopted by Local Authorities
( 12 ) Green Products Purchasing Among Malaysian Consumers
( 13 ) Effects of Green Human Resource Management on Employee Green Behavior: Moderating Role of Employee Environmental Knowledge
( 15 ) Public Infrastructure Spending and Economic Growth in Nigeria: An Error Correction Mechanism (ECM) Approach
( 17 ) Milk or Wine: Are Critical Infrastructure Protection Architectures Improving with Age?
( 18 ) Interfaces Between Road Infrastructure and Poverty in Africa: The Case of Malawi, 1994-2013
( 19 ) Rural Roads Infrastructure and Agricultural Products Distribution: A Focus on Akure South Local Government Area, Ondo State, Nigeria
( 20 ) An Investigation into the Causes of Failures in Railway Infrastructure at Transnet Freight Rail - A Case of the Steel and Cement Business Unit
( 21 ) Infrastructure Development, Capacity Utilization and Manufacturing Value Added in Nigeria
( 22 ) Improved Performance Through Empowerment of Small Industry
( 23 ) Teachers Characteristics and Students’ Performance Level in Senior Secondary School Financial Accounting
( 25 ) The Association Between Corporate Risk Disclosure and Firm Performance in Emerging Country – The Case of Egypt
( 26 ) Moderating Effect of Demographics on Monetary Motivation and Employees Job Performance Relationship: Evidence from Malaysia
( 28 ) The Influence of Information Technology and Communication Supply Chain Management Performance for Greater SME Manufacturing in Aguascalientes
( 29 ) Leveraging Telematics for Optimal Fleet Performance
( 30 ) Share Options, Share Award and Firm’s Performance: Evidence from Malaysian Public Listed Companies
( 31 ) The Effect of Outsourcing on Anglogold Ashanti Obuasi Mines Performance
( 32 ) The Mediating Effect of Market Orientation on the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Orientation Dimensions and Organizational Performance: A Study on Banks in Libya
( 33 ) The Investment Performance of Socially Responsible Investment in Japan
( 34 ) Appointment of Directors and Performance of Deposit Money Banks in Sub Saharan Africa: Do We Need More Executive or Non-Executive Directors?
( 35 ) Emotional Workgroup Performance and Group Effectiveness Egyptian Context
( 36 ) The Indirect Impact of Overconfidence on the Performance of Tunisian Firms Through their Financing Structure
( 37 ) How the Principles of the Sharing Economy Can Improve Organizational Performance of the US Public School System
( 38 ) Relevance of Stakeholders Theory, Organizational Identity Theory and Social Exchange Theory to Corporate Social Responsibility and Employees Performance in the Commercial Banks in Nigeria
( 39 ) The Influence of Communication, Work Motivation and Career Development on Elementary School Teacher’s Job Performance in Medan, Indonesia
( 40 ) Effects of Corporate Social Responsibility on Banks Financial Performance in Nigeria: A Study of United Bank of Africa
( 41 ) The Moderating Effect of Governance Mechanisms on the Relationship Between Innovation Strategy and the Performance
( 42 ) Electronic Banking Innovations and Selected Banks Performance in Nigeria
( 43 ) An Empirical Investigation into the Key Drivers of Economic Performance in the CEMAC Zone: A Panel Corrected Standard Errors Approach
( 44 ) The Impact of Organisational Culture on Public Sector Performance: A Case Study of Local Authorities in Zimbabwe
( 45 ) Gamification on Sales Force Performance in Nigeria Bottling Company
( 46 ) An Investigation of the Impact of Organisational Structure on Organisational Performance
( 47 ) Exploring the Asymmetric Linkage between Commodity Prices and Fiscal Performance in Nigeria
( 48 ) Effects of Socio-Cultural Diversity on the Performance of Private Health Care Organizations in Kogi State
( 49 ) Organizational Memory and Employee Performance in Federal Parastatals in Enugu State of Nigeria
( 50 ) The Effect of Corporate Social Responsibility Disclosure on Corporate Financial Performance
( 51 ) Value for Money (VFM) Audit and Public Sector Performance in Afikpo North Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria
( 52 ) Determinant of MSMEs Performance and its Impact on Province GRDP in Indonesia
( 53 ) Determinants of Financial Performance and its Impact on the Growth of Islamic Bank Assets on Indonesia
( 54 ) Trade Union Performance and Industrial Relations Climate in the Nigerian Petroleum Sector
( 55 ) Change Management and Firm Performance of Selected Deposit Money Banks in Owerri, Imo State, Nigeria
( 56 ) The Effect of Disruptive Factors on Inventory Control as a Mediator and Organizational Performance in Health Department of Punjab, Pakistan
( 57 ) The Contingent Fit between Management Control System and Capabilities on Sustainability Performance
( 58 ) The Impact of Merger and Acquisition on the Financial Performance of the Nasdaq Listed Small Size Technology Companies
( 59 ) Exchange Rate Fluctuations and the Performance of Nairobi Securities Exchange Market in Kenya During the Coronavirus Pandemic
( 60 ) Analysis of Demographic Factors on Perceptions of Inventory Managers towards Healthcare Performance
( 61 ) Sustainability Performance and Sustainable Development Goals
( 62 ) A Study on Financial Performance of Transport & Warehouses Firms Listed on the Hanoi Stock Exchange
( 63 ) IT Governance as Drivers of Dynamic Capabilities to Gain Corporate Performance Under the Effects of Environmental Dynamism
( 64 ) Does Buyer Power Contribute to Environmental Sustainability Performance in Supply Chains?
( 65 ) Relational Capabilities under Moderating and Mediating Effects to Understand their Impacts on Firm Financial Performance
( 66 ) Strategic Evaluation of Distributed Power Generation Technology: A Sustainable Approach
( 68 ) S-Dimensional Assets Portfolio Evaluation
( 69 ) Ambient Particulate Matter (PM) Evaluation in Gasabo District, Rwanda
( 70 ) Investment Climate Rating Evaluation: The Case of Ukrainian Economy
( 71 ) Evaluation of the Current Procurement Planning Process in a District Municipality
( 72 ) An Evaluation of Effectiveness of Oversight Committees: A Case of City of Johannesburg, Section 79 Committees
( 73 ) An Empirical Evaluation of Cashless Systems Implementation in Ghana
( 74 ) Consideration the Relationship Between Information Communications Technology and Economic Growth in Top 10 Economic
( 75 ) The Development of Participated Environmental Education Model for Sustainable Mangrove Forest Management on Eastern Part of Thailand
( 76 ) The Impact of Investment Climate Reforms on the Development of Small and Medium Sized Enterprises in Nigeria: A Policy Brief
( 77 ) Importance of Corporate Governance Quality and Voluntary Disclosures of Corporate Governance Information in Listed Malaysian Family Controlled Businesses
( 78 ) How Telecommunication Development Aids Economic Growth: Evidence from Itu Ict Development Index (IDI) Top Five Countries for African Region
( 79 ) Development of Logarithmic Equations for Statistical Sample Determination
( 81 ) Cross-Cultural Leadership Intelligence: Recommendations for Kenya
( 83 ) Challenges of Human Rights Abuses in Nigerian Democratic Governance – Which Way Forward ?
( 85 ) Survey of Students’ Academic Achievement and Mathematics Identity-Formation
( 86 ) Ensuring Quality Provision of Education for All: Discovering Challenges Faced by Teachers of Students with Learning Disabilities in Regular Primary Schools in Masvingo District
( 87 ) A Study of Transnational and Transformation Leadership Styles and Factors Affect The Leadership Style
( 88 ) The Role of Information and Communication Technology in Rural Socio-Economic Development in Africa
( 90 ) Social Security; A Public Policy for Good Governance in Nigeria: The Role of Nigerian Legislature
( 91 ) Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Employment: A Case of Province of Punjab, Pakistan
( 92 ) Government Borrowing Behaviour: Implications for Private Sector Growth in Nigeria
( 95 ) Is Brics a Viable Solution for Russia in the Context of the Present Eu’s Economic Sanctions?
( 96 ) Structural Breaks and the Long-Run Stability of Demand for Real Broad Money Function in Nigeria: A Gregory-Hansen Approach
( 97 ) The Impact of Dividend Policy on Shareholders’ Wealth before and After Financial Melt down: Evidence from FMCG Sector in India
( 99 ) The Biodiesel Market in Brazil and the Prospects for the Sector
( 100 ) Challenges and Survival Strategies for Women in Small Scale Catering Business: A Case Study of Siyaso Magaba, Mbare
( 102 ) Emergent Behavior of “Rational” Agents in Some Forgotten N-Person Games
( 104 ) Income Elasticity of Poverty: Estimates for South Asian Countries
( 105 ) Profit And Loss Sharing As an Offshoot for Bank Stability: A Comparative Analysis
( 106 ) The Potential of Rural–Urban Linkages for Sustainable Development and Trade
( 107 ) Workplace Bullying: Modelling Construct Validity in an Australian Public Sector Workforce
( 108 ) Role of Foreign Investment and External Debt in Determination of Exchange Rate
( 109 ) An Assessment of the Impact of Information Communication Technology (ICT) On the Administration of Public Records: A Case Study of the Bolgatanga Municipal Assembly in the Upper East Region of Ghana-West Africa
( 110 ) The Effects of Changes in Accounting Standards on Value Relevance of Financial Statement Information of Malaysia and Nigeria Banks
( 111 ) Estimating Value at Risk for Sukuk Market Using Generalized Auto Regressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity Models
( 114 ) Insecurity and Foreign Direct Investment in Nigeria
( 116 ) Various International Experiences in Waste Management - Useful Lessons for Algeria
( 118 ) Investigating the Demand of Small Hotel and Restaurant Businesses for Bank Financing: The Case of Turkey
( 119 ) A Review on EU Transportation Projects within the Case of Turkey for European Union Regional Development Policy
( 120 ) Land Use/Land Cover Change and its Effects on Bamboo Forest in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Ethiopia
( 122 ) Development of the National Economies and the Foreign Trade Relations between Ukraine and Bulgaria (In the Period 2005-2014)
( 124 ) Forecasting-Based Carry Trade Using Pegged Currency: A Case of Omani Rial
( 126 ) A Theoretical Analysis Upon the Environmental Health and Justice Issue: A Case Study for a Comparison Between G20s Unitary and Federal Members
( 127 ) Academic Mobility for Engineering and Technology Graduates in Africa: Lessons and Experiences from the Implementation
( 128 ) Rice Farmer and Capital Formation: A Case Study of Rice Farmer's Credit Cooperative in Itoikin, Ikosi-Ejirin LCDA, Lagos State
( 130 ) Effect of Budget Defict on Private Investment in East African Community for the Period 1981-2015: A Panel Data Analysis
( 131 ) An Econometric Planning Model of Urban Forestry as a Measure of Sustainability: A Matrix of Action and Change
( 133 ) Analyzing Factors Affecting the Success of Social Media Posts for B2b Networks: A Fractional-Factorial Design Approach
( 136 ) Construction and Application of Water Resource Accounting Information System in Taiwan
( 137 ) Is Alumni Salary an Appropriate Metric for University Marketers?
( 138 ) Participatory Processes in Planning for Self-Help Housing Provision in South Africa: Policies and Challenges
( 140 ) Public-Private Partnership as a Strategy for E-Governance Funding in Africa: The Gains and the Pains
( 141 ) Employee Loyalty and Organizational Citizenship Behaviour in the Port Harcourt Area Command of the Nigeria Police Force
( 142 ) Effect of Institutional Factors on Foreign Direct Investment in Nigeria
( 143 ) Macroeconomic Indicators and Capital Formation Growth in Nigeria: A New Evidence
( 144 ) Foreign Capital Inflows and Unemployment in Nigeria: A New Evidence from ARDL-Bounds Testing Approach
( 147 ) Forecasting Equity Index Volatility: Empirical Evidence from Japan, UK and USA Data
( 148 ) Disaggregated Foreign Capital Inflows and Economic Growth in a Developing Economy: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 149 ) The Importance of Public Administration Towards Achieving Good Governance for Positive National Development by Using SmartPLS 3
( 150 ) Assessment of Dual Carriageway for Sustainable Socio-Economic Development in Ado Ekiti, Nigeria
( 151 ) Industrialization and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Role of Human Capital in Structural Transformation
( 152 ) Trade Policy and Democracy for Development in Central African Countries
( 153 ) Exchange Rate and Foreign Reserves Interface: Empirical Evidence from Nigeria
( 154 ) Forecasting Prices of Three Important Agricultural Crops in Bangladesh
( 155 ) External Debt and Economic Growth: Two-Step System GMM Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa Countries
( 157 ) Foreign Direct Investment in Zimbabwe: The Role of Uncertainty, Exports, Cost of Capital, Corruption and Market Size
( 159 ) Foreign Direct Investment - Growth Linkage in Sub-Saharan Africa: Is Governance a Mediating Factor?
( 161 ) Study on the Effect of Foreign Investment on Anhuis Industrial Structure Optimization
( 163 ) Assessing the Perceived Value of Customers for being Satisfied towards the Sustainability of Hypermarket in Malaysia
( 167 ) Exchange Rate Pass-through to Prices: VAR Evidence for Albania
( 168 ) Can Small-Cap Active Funds Substantially Outperform the Market Over Time?
( 169 ) Exchange Rate Volatility, Foreign Exchange Market Intervention and Asymmetric Preferences